Summary Book Review US Presidents and Cold War Nuclear Diplomacy by Aiden Warren:
Download or read book US Presidents and Cold War Nuclear Diplomacy written by Aiden Warren and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-02-15 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book will illustrate that despite the variations of nuclear tensions during the Cold War period—from nuclear inception, to mass proliferation, to arms control treaties and détente, through to an intensification and “reasonable” conclusion (the INF Treaty and START being case points)—the “lessons” over the last decade are quickly being unlearned. Given debates surrounding the emerging “new Cold War,” the deterioration of relations between Russia and the United States, and the concurrent challenges being made by key nuclear states in obfuscating arms control mechanisms, this book attempts to provide a much needed revisit into US presidential foreign policy during the Cold War. Across nine chapters, the monograph traces the United States’ nuclear diplomacy and Presidential strategic thought, transitioning across the early period of Cold War arms racing through to the era’s defining conclusion. It will reveal that notwithstanding the heightened periods when great power conflict seemed imminent, arms control fora and seminal agreements were able to be devised, implemented, and provided a needed base in bringing down the specter of a cataclysmic nuclear war, as well as improving bilateral relations. This volume will be of great interest to scholars and students of American foreign policy, diplomatic history, security studies and international relations.
Summary Book Review Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb by John Gaddis:
Download or read book Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb written by John Gaddis and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 1999-04-01 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945 is a path-breaking work that uses biographical techniques to test one of the most important and widely debated questions in international politics: Did the advent of the nuclear bomb prevent the Third World War? Many scholars and much conventional wisdom assumes that nuclear deterrence has prevented major power war since the end of the Second World War; this remains a principal tenet of US strategic policy today. Others challenge this assumption, and argue that major war would have been `obsolete' even without the bomb. This book tests these propositions by examining the careers of ten leading Cold War statesmen—Harry S Truman; John Foster Dulles; Dwight D. Eisenhower; John F. Kennedy; Josef Stalin; Nikita Krushchev; Mao Zedong; Winston Churchill; Charles De Gaulle; and Konrad Adenauer—and asking whether they viewed war, and its acceptability, differently after the advent of the bomb. The book's authors argue almost unanimously that nuclear weapons did have a significant effect on the thinking of these leading statesmen of the nuclear age, but a dissenting epilogue from John Mueller challenges this thesis.
Summary Book Review Reagan, Bush, Gorbachev by Norman A. Graebner:
Download or read book Reagan, Bush, Gorbachev written by Norman A. Graebner and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2008 with total page 180 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the end of the Cold War and the decline of ardent anticommunist ideologies in the United States. It chronicles the evolution of the political relationship between Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev and that relationship's role in ending the Cold War.
Summary Book Review The Myth of Triumphalism by Beth A. Fischer:
Download or read book The Myth of Triumphalism written by Beth A. Fischer and published by University Press of Kentucky. This book was released on 2019-11-22 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Did President Reagan's hawkish policies destroy the Soviet Union and enable the United States to win the Cold War? Many Americans believe this to be the case. In this view -- known as "triumphalism" -- Reagan's denunciations of the "evil empire" and his military buildup compelled Moscow to admit defeat. The president's triumph demonstrates that America's leaders should stand strong and threaten adversaries into submission. Drawing on both US and Soviet sources, this study demonstrates that triumphalism is a series of falsehoods about President Reagan's intentions, his policies, and the impact his administration had on the Soviet Union. In reality, the president's initially hardline posture undermined US interests and brought the superpowers to the brink of war. This work exposes Reagan's dedication to diplomacy and his unorthodox views about global security, which frequently brought him into conflict with his own advisers and allies. The president did not seek to destroy the USSR; rather, he sought to eliminate nuclear weapons. This volume also explains why Moscow chose to abandon the arms race, adopt democratic reforms, and withdraw from its ill-fated war in Afghanistan. These initiatives were part of a reform movement that had been growing in the USSR for decades before Reagan entered office. The Kremlin did not acquiesce to American pressure; rather, Soviet reformers believed the arms race had been futile and sought to move beyond the Cold War. In fact, President Reagan's initially aggressive policies had made it more difficult for Moscow to pursue these revolutionary reforms. Ultimately President Reagan and General Secretary Gorbachev together were able to accomplish what no one at the time thought possible -- the peaceful conclusion of the Cold War. The president's opposition to nuclear weapons, his determined leadership, and his dedication to diplomacy are his most enduring legacies.
Summary Book Review Modern American Diplomacy by John Martin Carroll:
Download or read book Modern American Diplomacy written by John Martin Carroll and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 1996 with total page 293 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: SR Books is proud to make available the revised and enlarged edition of the classic text Modern American Diplomacy, first published in 1986. The editors have thoroughly updated this important work to reflect the advances in scholarship. In addition, three entirely new chapters have been added: "Containment and American Foreign Policy, 1945-1963," by Mark H. Lytle, Bard College; "The Cold War in Asia," by Marc Gallicchio, Villanova University; and "Nuclear Weapons and U.S. Cold War Diplomacy," by Walter L. Hixson, University of Akron. Designed as a text for 20th-century U.S. diplomacy or international relations courses, the 13 essays in Modern American Diplomacy examine the successes and failures that led to America's global dominance. The contributors, all specialists in the topics about which they write, bring clarity and insight to the events that have conditioned Washington's policies. Issues covered include U.S. positions on the Middle East, Latin America, and Southeast Asia.
Summary Book Review Disarming Strangers by Leon V Sigal:
Download or read book Disarming Strangers written by Leon V Sigal and published by . This book was released on 1998-01-01 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In June 1994 the United States went to the brink of war with North Korea. With economic sanctions impending, President Bill Clinton approved the dispatch of substantial reinforcements to Korea, and plans were prepared for attacking the North's nuclear weapons complex. The turning point came in an extraordinary private diplomatic initiative by former President Jimmy Carter and others to reverse the dangerous American course and open the way to a diplomatic settlement of the nuclear crisis. Few Americans know the full details behind this story or perhaps realize the devastating impact it could have had on the nation's post-Cold War foreign policy. In this lively and authoritative book, Leon Sigal offers an inside look at how the Korean nuclear crisis originated, escalated, and was ultimately defused. He begins by exploring a web of intelligence failures by the United States and intransigence within South Korea and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Sigal pays particular attention to an American mindset that prefers coercion to cooperation in dealing with aggressive nations. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with policymakers from the countries involved, he discloses the details of the buildup to confrontation, American refusal to engage in diplomatic give-and-take, the Carter mission, and the diplomatic deal of October 1994. In the post-Cold War era, the United States is less willing and able than before to expend unlimited resources abroad; as a result it will need to act less unilaterally and more in concert with other nations. What will become of an American foreign policy that prefers coercion when conciliation is more likely to serve its national interests? Using the eventsthat nearly led the United States into a second Korean War, Sigal explores the need for policy change when it comes to addressing the challenge of nuclear proliferation and avoiding conflict with nations like Russia, Iran, and Iraq. What the Cuban missile crisis was to fifty years of superpower conflict, the North Korean nuclear crisis is to the coming era.
Summary Book Review Living with Peril by Andreas Wenger:
Download or read book Living with Peril written by Andreas Wenger and published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. This book was released on 2000-01-01 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Living with Peril explains in detail how the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations adapted to the reality of a Soviet nuclear force capable of destroying the United States and against which there was no effective defense. Wenger illuminates the development, implementation, and evolution of U.S. government policies designed to avoid war and to respond to the vulnerability of nuclear destruction. Drawing from a wealth of sources, Wenger provides an insightful and original perspective on the origins of Cold War nuclear diplomacy.
Summary Book Review Present At The Footnote by Henry E. Mattox:
Download or read book Present At The Footnote written by Henry E. Mattox and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2010-08-03 with total page 204 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These insightful essays, editorials, personal commentaries, and reports on foreign affairs first appeared in the online journal American Diplomacy (www.americandiplomacy.org) between 1996 and 2008. As co-founder and editor of that journal, Henry Mattox addressed contemporary issues, expressing opinions and judgments and recounting experiences drawn from his service as a career Foreign Service officer and, later, as a senior lecturer in American and diplomatic history. The Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training has included the book in its Memoirs and Occasional Papers Series.
Summary Book Review Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction by Joseph M. Siracusa:
Download or read book Nuclear Weapons: A Very Short Introduction written by Joseph M. Siracusa and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2008-03-20 with total page 160 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Despite not having been used in anger since Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Bomb is still the biggest threat that faces us in the 21st century. As Bill Clinton's first secretary of defence, Les Aspin, aptly put it: 'The Cold War is over, the Soviet Union is no more. But the post-Cold War world is decidedly not post-nuclear'. For all the effort to reduce nuclear stockpiles to zero, it seems that the Bomb is here to stay. This Very Short Introduction reveals why. The history, and politics of the bomb are explained: from the technology of nuclear weapons, to the revolutionary implications of the H-bomb, and the politics of nuclear deterrence. The issues are set against a backdrop of the changing international landscape, from the early days of development, through the Cold War, to the present-day controversy of George W. Bush's National Missile Defence, and the threat and role of nuclear weapons in the so-called Age of Terror. Joseph M. Siracusa provides a comprehensive, accessible, and at times chilling overview of the most deadly weapon ever invented. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Summary Book Review US Presidents and Foreign Policy by Carl Cavanagh Hodge:
Download or read book US Presidents and Foreign Policy written by Carl Cavanagh Hodge and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2007 with total page 474 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In chronological order by administration, provides the life and early career of each president of the United States before delving into a discussion of their foreign policy problems, solutions, and legacies.
Summary Book Review Historical Dictionary of U.S. Diplomacy during the Cold War by Martin Folly:
Download or read book Historical Dictionary of U.S. Diplomacy during the Cold War written by Martin Folly and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2014-11-13 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Historical Dictionary of U.S. Diplomacy during the Cold War history offers a definitive reference of this turbulent period through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography.
Summary Book Review U.S. Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran by Kumuda Simpson:
Download or read book U.S. Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran written by Kumuda Simpson and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2015-12-24 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: U.S. Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran explores the divergence between the alarmist rhetoric of the Bush Administration’s public diplomacy and its actual non-proliferation policy toward Iran. It shows how the two policy directions, the war on terror and negotiations over the nuclear issue, were often at odds. Further, the Administration’s desire to change the regime in Iran undermined efforts to find a diplomatic solution to the nuclear issue. Ultimately, the policies implemented failed both to shut down Iran’s nuclear program and bring significant democratic reform within the Islamic Republic. The book also examines this legacy and how Obama’s approach differs or follows that of his predecessor. Lastly, the implications for non-proliferation policies beyond Iran are discussed, as nuclear proliferation remains a key concern in a Middle East plagued by instability.
Summary Book Review The Best Course Available by Wakaizumi Kei:
Download or read book The Best Course Available written by Wakaizumi Kei and published by University of Hawaii Press. This book was released on 2002-03-31 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume affords a fascinating and rare look at the sensitive issue of nuclear diplomacy between two critical Cold War allies, the United States and Japan, during the 1960s. Challenging the silence of the official bureaucracies in Washington and Tokyo, Wakaizumi Kei reveals the truth behind the secret 1969 agreement that ensured the eventual reversion of Okinawa to Japanese jurisdiction in 1972. Revelation of this secret accord created considerable controversy in Japan when Wakaizumi's memoir was first published in 1994. With the publication of this translation, his description of the events leading up to the closed-door agreement is available to an English-language audience for the first time. At a time when security matters are once again predominant in the U.S.-Japan alliance, Professor Wakaizumi's account is a timely reminder of the gap between official, media-filtered descriptions of diplomatic relations and the private discussions of national leaders. The long-standing reluctance of the Japanese government to declassify its postwar diplomatic records has meant that Japan's side of its relationship with the U.S. has been only partially revealed. The Best Course Available attempts to correct this shortcoming and at the same time provides insight into the complicated and arcane process of foreign policymaking, national leadership, and domestic politics in Japan after 1945.
Summary Book Review The Back Channel by William J. Burns:
Download or read book The Back Channel written by William J. Burns and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-14 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The riveting story of many of the most dramatic international crises and conflicts of recent years, including everyone from presidents, warlords and 'the noble, the brutal, the cunning and the just-plain unhinged'. The Back Channel recounts with vivid detail and incisive analysis some of the seminal moments of a legendary diplomatic career--from the bloodless end of the Cold War to relations with Putin's Russia, and from post-9/11 tumult in the Middle East and secret nuclear talks with Iran to America's rebalance toward the Asia-Pacific and its deepening strategic partnership with India. Career diplomat William J. Burns draws on his treasure trove of newly declassified cables and memos to offer a rare peek at US diplomacy in action. He illuminates the back channels of his profession, and its value in a world that resembles neither the zerosum Cold War of his early career, nor the 'unipolar moment' of American primacy that followed. His dispatches from war-torn Chechnya and Qadhafi's camp in the Libyan desert, and his memos warning of the 'perfect storm' unleashed by the Iraq War, will profoundly reshape both our understanding of history and the policy debates of the future. The Back Channel is an eloquent, deeply informed and impassioned argument for renewing diplomacy as the tool of first resort in American statecraft.
Summary Book Review International Nuclear Diplomacy and India by U. N. Gupta:
Download or read book International Nuclear Diplomacy and India written by U. N. Gupta and published by Atlantic Publishers & Dist. This book was released on 2007 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Present Book Is An In-Depth Systematized Study Of Diversified Efforts Of States, Statesmen And Diplomats To Prevent A Nuclear War. It Records The International Concern For Achievement Of Disarmament And Prevention Of Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons As A Common Objective Of All States. The Cold-War Rivalries, The Collective Security System Of United Nations, The Moves For Disarmament Of States Involving Nuclear Weapons, The Politics Of Maintaining The Hegemony Of Five Superpowers, Need For Petrol Leading To Oil Diplomacy Of The West And Several Other Factors Associated With Problems Of New States Have Evolved Into Identifiable Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1960S. Keeping States Away From Nuclear Weapons For Achievement Of National Ambitions Is Seen As Basic Subject Matter Of Nuclear Diplomacy. The Book Examines The Efforts Of States To Prevent Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapon Technology In General And To Such States In Particular That Might Seek To Use It For Achieving National Ambitions.Apart From The Five Superpowers, Pakistan, North Korea, Iran, India, And Iraq Have Been Under International Scrutiny. In The Book, Case Studies Of These States Have Also Been Undertaken, Since Every State That Seeks Nuclear Weapons Has Some Enemies Or Evil Designs. It Has Been Felt Necessary To Adopt A Sociological Approach, That Is, Briefly Going Into The Background Histories Of Nuclear Weapon Sensitive States. The Superpower States Are Above The Law Of The Un Charter And Have A Combined Rigid Stance On The Subject Of Transfer Of Nuclear Technology. Other States Seeking Nuclear Technology For Energy Production, For Economic And Civil Purposes Are Left To Original Research Or Acquisition By Clandestine Methods. This Aspect Has Also Been Examined In The Book, Keeping In View The Interests Of India.The Book Would Be Highly Useful To A Wide Cross Section Of The Reading Public, Including Scholars And Academics, Government Executives, International Institutions And Planners And Policymakers. Especially, The Students And Teachers Of International Relations Will Find It Extensively Informative.
Summary Book Review Global Action by Philip G. Schrag:
Download or read book Global Action written by Philip G. Schrag and published by Westview Press. This book was released on 1992-05-14 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Cold War by Michelle Getchell:
Download or read book The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Cold War written by Michelle Getchell and published by Hackett Publishing. This book was released on 2018-09-15 with total page 202 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In October 1962, when the Soviet Union deployed nuclear missiles in Cuba, the most dangerous confrontation of the Cold War ensued, bringing the world close to the brink of nuclear war. Over two tense weeks, U.S. president John F. Kennedy and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev managed to negotiate a peaceful resolution to what was nearly a global catastrophe. Drawing on the best recent scholarship and previously unexamined documents from the archives of the former Soviet Union, this introductory volume examines the motivations and calculations of the major participants in the conflict, sets the crisis in the context of the broader history of the global Cold War, and traces the effects of the crisis on subsequent international and regional geopolitical relations. Selections from twenty primary sources provide firsthand accounts of the frantic deliberations and realpolitik diplomacy between the U.S., the U.S.S.R., and Fidel Castro's Cuban regime; thirteen illustrations are also included. CONTENTS: Introduction: The Making of a global Crisis The Origins of the Cold WarA New Front in the Cold WarThe Cold War in Latin AmericaThe Cuban Revolution and the Soviet UnionU.S. and Regional Responses to the Cuban RevolutionOperation Zapata: The Bay of PigsOperation Anadyr: Soviet Missiles in CubaCrisis Dénouement: The Missiles of NovemberEvaluating the Leadership on All Sides of the CrisisNuclear Fallout: Consequences of the Missile CrisisThe Future of Cuban-Soviet RelationsLatin American Responses to the Missile CrisisConclusion: Lessons of the Cuban Missile CrisisHistoriography of the Cuban Missile Crisis DocumentsMemorandum for McGeorge Bundy from Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., April 10, 1961State Department White Paper, April 1961From the Cable on the Conversation between Gromyko and Kennedy, October 18, 1962Telegram from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko to the CC CPSU, October 20, 1962President John F. Kennedy’s speech to the Nation, October 22, 1962Resolution Adopted by the Council of the Organization of American States Acting Provisionally as the Organ of Consultation, October 23, 1962Message from Mexican President Adolfo López Mateos to Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticós, October 23, 1962Letter from Khrushchev to John F. Kennedy, October 24, 1962Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to the USA Dobrynin to the USSR MFA, October 24, 1962Memorandum for President Kennedy from Douglas Dillon, October 26, 1962Telegram from Fidel Castro to N.S. Khrushchev, October 26, 1962Letter from Khrushchev to Fidel Castro, October 28, 1962Cable from USSR Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs, October 28, 1962Telegram from Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov and Ambassador to the U.N. Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry (1), October 30, 1962Premier Khrushchev’s Letter to Prime Minister Castro, October 30, 1962Prime Minister Castro’s Letter to Premier Khrushchev, October 31, 1962Meeting of the Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba with Mikoyan in the Presidential Palace, November 4, 1962Brazilian Foreign Ministry Memorandum, “Question of Cuba,” November 20, 1968Letter from Khrushchev to Fidel Castro, January 31, 1963“I Know Something About the Caribbean Crisis,” Notes from a Conversation with Fidel Castro, November 5, 1987Select Bibliography