Summary Book Review The Polish Catholic Church Under German Occupation by Jonathan Huener:
Download or read book The Polish Catholic Church Under German Occupation written by Jonathan Huener and published by . This book was released on 2021-03 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "When Nazi Germany invaded Poland in 1939, it aimed to destroy Polish national consciousness. As a symbol of Polish national identity and the religious faith of approximately two-thirds of Poland's population, the Roman Catholic church was an obvious target of the Nazi regime's policies of ethnic, racial, and cultural Germanization. Jonathan Huener reveals in The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation that the persecution of the church was most severe in the Reichsgau Wartheland, a region of Poland annexed to Nazi Germany. Here Catholics witnessed the execution of priests, the incarceration of hundreds of clergymen and nuns in prisons and concentration camps, the closure of churches, the destruction and confiscation of church property, and countless restrictions on public expression of the Catholic faith. Huener also illustrates how some among the Nazi elite viewed this area as a testing ground for anti-church policies to be launched in the Reich after the successful completion of the war. Based on largely untapped sources from state and church archives, punctuated by vivid archival photographs, and marked by nuance and balance, The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation exposes both the brutalities and the limitations of Nazi church policy. The first English-language investigation of German policy toward the Catholic Church in occupied Poland, this compelling story also offers insight into the varied ways in which Catholics-from Pope Pius XII, to members of the Polish episcopate, to the Polish laity at the parish level-responded to the Nazi regime's repressive measures"--
Summary Book Review The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation by Jonathan Huener:
Download or read book The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation written by Jonathan Huener and published by Indiana University Press. This book was released on 2021-02-16 with total page 374 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When Nazi Germany invaded Poland in 1939, it aimed to destroy Polish national consciousness. As a symbol of Polish national identity and the religious faith of approximately two-thirds of Poland's population, the Roman Catholic Church was an obvious target of the Nazi regime's policies of ethnic, racial, and cultural Germanization. Jonathan Huener reveals in The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation that the persecution of the church was most severe in the Reichsgau Wartheland, a region of Poland annexed to Nazi Germany. Here Catholics witnessed the execution of priests, the incarceration of hundreds of clergymen and nuns in prisons and concentration camps, the closure of churches, the destruction and confiscation of church property, and countless restrictions on public expression of the Catholic faith. Huener also illustrates how some among the Nazi elite viewed this area as a testing ground for anti-church policies to be launched in the Reich after the successful completion of the war. Based on largely untapped sources from state and church archives, punctuated by vivid archival photographs, and marked by nuance and balance, The Polish Catholic Church under German Occupation exposes both the brutalities and the limitations of Nazi church policy. The first English-language investigation of German policy toward the Catholic Church in occupied Poland, this compelling story also offers insight into the varied ways in which Catholics—from Pope Pius XII, to members of the Polish episcopate, to the Polish laity at the parish level—responded to the Nazi regime's repressive measures.
Summary Book Review Rethinking Poles and Jews by Robert D. Cherry:
Download or read book Rethinking Poles and Jews written by Robert D. Cherry and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2007 with total page 230 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since Polish Catholics embraced some anti-Jewish notions and actions prior to WWII, many intertwined the Nazi death camps in Poland with Polish anti-Semitism. As a result, more so than local non-Jewish population in other Nazi-occupied countries, Polish Catholics were considered active collaborators in the destruction of European Jewry. Through the presentation of these negative images in Holocaust literature, documentaries, and teaching, these stereotypes have been sustained and infect attitudes toward contemporary Poland, impacting on Jewish youth trips there from Israel and the United States. This book focuses on the role of Holocaust-related material in perpetuating anti-Polish images and describes organizational efforts to combat them. Without minimizing contemporary Polish anti-Semitism, it also presents more positive material on contemporary Polish-American organizations and Jewish life in Poland. To our knowledge this will be the first book to document systematically the anti-Polish images in Holocaust material, to describe ongoing efforts to combat these negative stereotypes, and to emphasize the positive role of the Polish Catholic community in the resurgence of Jewish life in Poland. Thus, this book will present new information that will be of value to Holocaust Studies and the 100,000 annual foreign visitors to the German death camps in Poland.
Summary Book Review Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter by Neal Pease:
Download or read book Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter written by Neal Pease and published by Ohio University Press. This book was released on 2009-10-15 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When an independent Poland reappeared on the map of Europe after World War I, it was widely regarded as the most Catholic country on the continent, as “Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter.” All the same, the relations of the Second Polish Republic with the Church—both its representatives inside the country and the Holy See itself—proved far more difficult than expected. Based on original research in the libraries and depositories of four countries, including recently opened collections in the Vatican Secret Archives, Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter: The Catholic Church and Independent Poland, 1914–1939 presents the first scholarly history of the close but complex political relationship of Poland with the Catholic Church during the interwar period. Neal Pease addresses, for example, the centrality of Poland in the Vatican’s plans to convert the Soviet Union to Catholicism and the curious reluctance of each successive Polish government to play the role assigned to it. He also reveals the complicated story of the relations of Polish Catholicism with Jews, Freemasons, and other minorities within the country and what the response of Pope Pius XII to the Nazi German invasion of Poland in 1939 can tell us about his controversial policies during World War II. Both authoritative and lively, Rome’s Most Faithful Daughter shows that the tensions generated by the interplay of church and state in Polish public life exerted great influence not only on the history of Poland but also on the wider Catholic world in the era between the wars.
Summary Book Review Your Life is Worth Mine by Ewa Kurek:
Download or read book Your Life is Worth Mine written by Ewa Kurek and published by . This book was released on 1997 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The story -- never told before -- of how Polish nuns in World War II saved hundreds of Jewish lives in German-occupied Poland. Forty-nine convents and orphanages were involved in protecting the children and the most authoritative estimates indicate 1200 Jewish young people survived the war in these shelters.
Summary Book Review Poland's Self-Limiting Revolution by Jadwiga Staniszkis:
Download or read book Poland's Self-Limiting Revolution written by Jadwiga Staniszkis and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2019-01-29 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is not only an explanation of the political dynamic that led to the Polish "revolution" and the birth of Solidarity in 1980 and 1981 but an extremely important analysis of postwar East Central Europe. Although intimately involved with various aspects of Solidarity's activities, Jadwiga Staniszkis maintains a detached and critical attitutde toward the movement. Dr. Saniszkis was one of seven advisers allowed in the Gdansk shipyard during the strikes of August 1980, negotiating on behalf of the workers. Offering interpretations of events made virtually as they were occurring, she is still able to weave these interpretations into an analytic scheme that is clearly the work of a profound and original sociologist. The author demonstrates how the authoritarian regime of Poland succeeded in incorporating and, as it were, domesticating developments that would be seen by a less astute observer (or by a traditional social scientist) as disruptive or threatening to the system's stability. Moving beyond analyses derived from totalitarian and interest group models for the study of "socialist" societies, she attempts to understand present-day Poland as a corporatist society. A sociologist of organizations, she clarifies the intricate system of mechanisms that compensates for the irrationalities produced by the ideological restrictions of Polish society. Sensitive to the symbolic manipulation in social control, she analyzes such phenomena as simulation of interest group representation and ritualization of the periodic crises of the regime. This work is a major contribution to our understanding of the so-called people's democracies. Jadwiga Staniszkis received her Ph.D. and habilitation (Docent) in sociology at the University of Warsaw. Her dissertation, "Pathologies of Organizational Structure," won the Polish Sociological Association Prize in 1976. Dr. Staniszkis visited the United States twice, as the fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies and as a recipient of the Eisenhower Fellowship, Jan T. Gross is the author of Polish Society under German Occupation (Princeton). Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Summary Book Review The German New Order in Poland by Poland. Ministerstwo Informacji:
Download or read book The German New Order in Poland written by Poland. Ministerstwo Informacji and published by . This book was released on 1942 with total page 585 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Poland in the Second World War by Józef Garliński:
Download or read book Poland in the Second World War written by Józef Garliński and published by . This book was released on 1985 with total page 387 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Author :Józef Gula Publisher :School of Slavonic and East European Studie Ege London Release Date :1993 ISBN 10 :STANFORD:36105073407442 Pages :181 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review The Roman Catholic Church in the History of the Polish Exiled Community in Great Britain by Józef Gula:
Download or read book The Roman Catholic Church in the History of the Polish Exiled Community in Great Britain written by Józef Gula and published by School of Slavonic and East European Studie Ege London. This book was released on 1993 with total page 181 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Poland, the Jews and the Holocaust by Mordecai Paldiel:
Download or read book Poland, the Jews and the Holocaust written by Mordecai Paldiel and published by Archway Publishing. This book was released on 2022-04-13 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Up to 1939, when Poland came under German domination, it was the center of the European Jewish world, filled with a large Jewish population that had lived on Polish soil for over nine centuries, and developed a vibrant self-sustaining social and religious community culture. During the German occupation of World War II, close to 3 million Polish Jews were exterminated. Poland was where the Nazis established most of their ghettos and all death camps. It was where the railroad tracks converged, bringing hundreds of thousand Jews from the remotest corners of Europe to feed the Nazi death machine. Thousands of Poles risked their lives to save Jews by mostly sheltering them, while most others were passive onlookers, fearful for their lives to get involved, and too many others collaborated with the hated enemy in eliminating Jews. Mordecai Paldiel, a historian of the Holocaust, examines the important role Jews played in Poland in the years before Germans occupied the country. He also examines the antisemitism that existed in Poland before the Nazis arrived. Just as important, he highlights the various responses of Poles as witnesses of the German extermination of Jews, including the thousands who, in spite of the dangers to themselves, did their utmost to save Jews from the German-orchestrated Holocaust.
Summary Book Review Religion Under Siege: The Roman Catholic Church in occupied Europe (1939-1950) by Lieve Gevers:
Download or read book Religion Under Siege: The Roman Catholic Church in occupied Europe (1939-1950) written by Lieve Gevers and published by Peeters Pub & Booksellers. This book was released on 2007 with total page 346 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The stance taken by the Catholic Church in occupied Europe during World War II remains a significant focal point of historical research. In the last ten years we have been confronted with a resurgence of the so-called 'Pius-war', the frequently emotional polemic surrounding the justification or absence thereof of the role of Pope Pius XII, the head of the Catholic Church at the time. The work presented here, however, focuses on the role of the local churches rather than that of the Pope and the Vatican. Its goal is to shed light more specifically on the position maintained by the Catholic bishops, clergy and faithful in a variety of European countries under occupation throughout the war. The local churches are approached from a political-social, institutional and ideological perspective. This collection of essays represents the results of a research project established under the auspices of the European Science Foundation entitled 'The Impact of National Socialist and Fascist Occupation in Europe' (1999-2005). Within the broader framework of the project, research into the aspect of Church and Religion was scribed more specifically to Team 2 'The Continuity of the Churches'. The team strove to reach as broad a spectrum possible, both with respect to the churches and religions in Europe (Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodoxy, and to a limited degree, Islam) as the various regions of the European continent (North, West, Central and (South) East). The present volume contains the research results presented in relation to the Catholic Church. Developments in Central and Eastern Europe are given priority, in particular in Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia, Poland and Lithuania. In addition, a number of articles endeavour to shed light on developments in Western Europe as in Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Austria. The goal of the present volume is to stimulate an ongoing comparative study of the attitude of the Catholic Church during the Second World War from a European perspective. Together with a parallel volume that deals with the Protestant and Orthodox churches, this approach can be extended to include other ecclesial denominations and religions in Europe. While significant differences exist between the various countries and denominations, several similar patterns of approach are also strikingly evident.
Summary Book Review The Crooked Mirror by Louise Steinman:
Download or read book The Crooked Mirror written by Louise Steinman and published by Beacon Press. This book was released on 2013-11-05 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A lyrical literary memoir that explores the exhilarating, discomforting, and ultimately healing process of Polish-Jewish reconciliation taking place in Poland today “I’d grown up with the phrase ‘Never forget’ imprinted on my psyche. Its corollary was more elusive. Was it possible to remember—at least to recall—a world that existed before the calamity?” In the winter of 2000, Louise Steinman set out to attend an international Bearing Witness Retreat at Auschwitz-Birkenau at the invitation of her Zen rabbi, who felt the Poles had gotten a “bum rap.” A bum rap? Her own mother could not bear to utter the word “Poland,” a country, Steinman was taught, that allowed and perhaps abetted the genocide that decimated Europe’s Jewish population, including members of her own extended family. As Steinman learns more about her lost ancestors, though, she finds that the history of Polish-Jewish relations is far more complex. Although German-occupied Poland was the site of horrific Jewish persecution, Poland was for centuries the epicenter of European Jewish life. After the war, Polish-Jewish relations soured. For Poles under Communism, it was taboo to examine or discuss the country’s Jewish past. Among Jews in the Diaspora, there was little acknowledgment of the Poles’ immense suffering during its dual occupation. Steinman’s research leads her to her grandparents’ town of Radomsko, whose eighteen thousand Jews were deported or shot during the Nazi occupation. As she delves deeper into the town’s and her family’s history, Steinman discovers a prewar past where a lively community of Jews and Catholics lived shoulder to shoulder, where a Polish Catholic painted the blue ceiling of the Radomsko synagogue, and a Jewish tinsmith roofed the spires of the Catholic church. She also uncovers untold stories of Poles who rescued their Jewish neighbors in Radomsko and helps bring these heroes to the light of day. Returning time and again to Poland over the course of a decade, Steinman finds Poles who are seeking the truth about the past, however painful, and creating their own rituals to teach their towns about the history of their lost Jewish neighbors. This lyrical memoir chronicles her immersion in the exhilarating, discomforting, sometimes surreal, and ultimately healing process of Polish-Jewish reconciliation.
Summary Book Review Passport to Life by Emanuel Tanay:
Download or read book Passport to Life written by Emanuel Tanay and published by . This book was released on 2004 with total page 291 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Memoirs of a Jew who was born as Emanuel Tenenwurzel in 1928 in Vilna and moved to Miechów as a child. The Polish antisemitism he experienced before the war worsened under German occupation. In early 1941 his family was interned in the Miechów ghetto, whose Judenrat he depicts as facilitating Jewish survival. His family escaped deportation and he hid in a Catholic monastery. He was sexually abused by a monk there, then hidden by a member of the Polish underground in a village. From there a good German helped him get to Kraków, where his mother and sister hid. After escaping to Hungary, he was caught trying to emigrate to Eretz Israel. He was briefly incarcerated in Yugoslavia and then in Budapest, where he met the paratrooper Peretz Goldstein, who had been sent to occupied Europe from Palestine. Claims that the paratroopers did not strengthen Jewish resistance, but increased the risk to the local Jewish underground. Under the Arrow Cross regime, he managed to obtain "Aryan" papers. After the war he encountered anti-Jewish hostility in Miechów and learned that his father had perished; he lived for some time in Germany and emigrated to the U.S. in 1952. Pp. 219-278, "Reflections", discuss hate, Islamic fundamentalism, genocide, Christianity and the Holocaust, and Holocaust historiography. Contends that to survive was heroic, to revolt was suicidal.
Summary Book Review Churches and Religion in the Second World War by Jan Bank:
Download or read book Churches and Religion in the Second World War written by Jan Bank and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2016-03-24 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Despite the wealth of historical literature on the Second World War, the subject of religion and churches in occupied Europe has been undervalued – until now. This critical European history is unique in delivering a rich and detailed analysis of churches and religion during the Second World War, looking at the Christian religions of occupied Europe: Catholicism, Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Orthodoxy. The authors engage with key themes such as relations between religious institutions and the occupying forces; religion as a key factor in national identity and resistance; theological answers to the Fascist and National Socialist ideologies, especially in terms of the persecution of the Jews; Christians as bystanders or protectors in the Holocaust; and religious life during the war. Churches and Religion in the Second World War will be of great value to students and scholars of European history, the Second World War and religion and theology.
Summary Book Review The Catholic Encyclopedia by Edward Aloysius Pace:
Download or read book The Catholic Encyclopedia written by Edward Aloysius Pace and published by . This book was released on 1922 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: