CetinGrad.org

Full eBooks. A list of all the free ePUB, PDF and MOBI eBooks published on CetinGrad.org

Download The Persistence of Empire PDF

The Persistence of Empire


Author :
Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780807899878
Pages : 288 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (987 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Persistence of Empire by Eliga H. Gould:

Download or read book The Persistence of Empire written by Eliga H. Gould and published by UNC Press Books. This book was released on 2011-02-01 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The American Revolution was the longest colonial war in modern British history and Britain's most humiliating defeat as an imperial power. In this lively, concise book, Eliga Gould examines an important yet surprisingly understudied aspect of the conflict: the British public's predominantly loyal response to its government's actions in North America. Gould attributes British support for George III's American policies to a combination of factors, including growing isolationism in regard to the European continent and a burgeoning sense of the colonies as integral parts of a greater British nation. Most important, he argues, the British public accepted such ill-conceived projects as the Stamp Act because theirs was a sedentary, "armchair" patriotism based on paying others to fight their battles for them. This system of military finance made Parliament's attempt to tax the American colonists look unexceptional to most Britons and left the metropolitan public free to embrace imperial projects of all sorts--including those that ultimately drove the colonists to rebel. Drawing on nearly one thousand political pamphlets as well as on broadsides, private memoirs, and popular cartoons, Gould offers revealing insights into eighteenth-century British political culture and a refreshing account of what the Revolution meant to people on both sides of the Atlantic.

Download The Scottish Nation at Empire's End PDF

The Scottish Nation at Empire's End


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781137427304
Pages : 291 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (73 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Scottish Nation at Empire's End by B. Glass:

Download or read book The Scottish Nation at Empire's End written by B. Glass and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-06-02 with total page 291 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The rise and fall of the British Empire profoundly shaped the history of modern Scotland and the identity of its people. From the Act of Union in 1707 to the dramatic fall of the British Empire following the Second World War, Scotland's involvement in commerce, missionary activity, cultural dissemination, emigration, and political action could not be dissociated from British overseas endeavours. In fact, Scottish national pride and identity were closely associated with the benefits bestowed on this small nation through its access to the British Empire. By examining the opinions of Scots towards the empire from numerous professional and personal backgrounds, Scotland emerges as a nation inextricably linked to the British Empire. Whether Scots categorized themselves as proponents, opponents, or victims of empire, one conclusion is clear: they maintained an abiding interest in the empire even as it rapidly disintegrated during the twenty-year period following the Second World War. In turn, the end of the British Empire coincided with the rise of Scottish nationalism and calls for Scotland to extricate itself from the Union. Decolonization had a major impact on Scottish political consciousness in the years that followed 1965, and the implications for the sustainability of the British state are still unfolding today.

Download Empires PDF

Empires


Author :
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 080149334X
Pages : 412 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.0/5 (149 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Empires by Michael W. Doyle:

Download or read book Empires written by Michael W. Doyle and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 1986 with total page 412 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although empires have shaped the political development of virtually all the states of the modern world, "imperialism" has not figured largely in the mainstream of scholarly literature. This book seeks to account for the imperial phenomenon and to establish its importance as a subject in the study of the theory of world politics. Michael Doyle believes that empires can best be defined as relationships of effective political control imposed by some political societies--those called metropoles--on other political societies--called peripheries. To build an explanation of the birth, life, and death of empires, he starts with an overview and critique of the leading theories of imperialism. Supplementing theoretical analysis with historical description, he considers episodes from the life cycles of empires from the classical and modern world, concentrating on the nineteenth-century scramble for Africa. He describes in detail the slow entanglement of the peripheral societies on the Nile and the Niger with metropolitan power, the survival of independent Ethiopia, Bismarck's manipulation of imperial diplomacy for European ends, the race for imperial possession in the 1880s, and the rapid setting of the imperial sun. Combining a sensitivity to historical detail with a judicious search for general patterns, Empires will engage the attention of social scientists in many disciplines.

Download The End of Empire? PDF

The End of Empire?


Author :
Publisher : M.E. Sharpe
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1563243695
Pages : 398 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.6/5 (324 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The End of Empire? by Karen Dawisha:

Download or read book The End of Empire? written by Karen Dawisha and published by M.E. Sharpe. This book was released on 1997 with total page 398 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The collapse of the Soviet Union was part of a process of imperial disintegration, new state-building and potential imperial reconstruction unprecedented in recent decades. This volume assembles an interdisciplinary group of scholars to construct, deconstruct and reconstruct the Soviet empire.

Download Experiencing Empire PDF

Experiencing Empire


Author :
Publisher : University of Virginia Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780813939896
Pages : 280 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (989 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Experiencing Empire by Patrick Griffin:

Download or read book Experiencing Empire written by Patrick Griffin and published by University of Virginia Press. This book was released on 2017-07-24 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Born of clashing visions of empire in England and the colonies, the American Revolution saw men and women grappling with power— and its absence—in dynamic ways. On both sides of the revolutionary divide, Americans viewed themselves as an imperial people. This perspective conditioned how they understood the exercise of power, how they believed governments had to function, and how they situated themselves in a world dominated by other imperial players. Eighteenth-century Americans experienced what can be called an "imperial-revolutionary moment." Over the course of the eighteenth century, the colonies were integrated into a broader Atlantic world, a process that forced common men and women to reexamine the meanings and influences of empire in their own lives. The tensions inherent in this process led to revolution. After the Revolution, the idea of empire provided order—albeit at a cost to many—during a chaotic period. Viewing the early republic from an imperial-revolutionary perspective, the essays in this collection consider subjects as far-ranging as merchants, winemaking, slavery, sex, and chronology to nostalgia, fort construction, and urban unrest. They move from the very center of the empire in London to the far western frontier near St. Louis, offering a new way to consider America’s most formative period.

Download The Making and Unmaking of Empires PDF

The Making and Unmaking of Empires


Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0199278954
Pages : 420 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (927 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Making and Unmaking of Empires by Peter James Marshall:

Download or read book The Making and Unmaking of Empires written by Peter James Marshall and published by Oxford University Press on Demand. This book was released on 2005 with total page 420 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In The Making and Unmaking of Empires P. J. Marshall, distinguished author of numerous books on the British Empire and former Rhodes Professor of Imperial History, provides a unified interpretation of British imperial history in the later eighteenth century. He brings together into a commonfocus Britain's loss of empire in North America and the winning of territorial dominion in parts of India and argues that these developments were part of a single phase of Britain's imperial history, rather than marking the closing of a 'first' Atlantic empire and the rise of a 'second' eastern one.In both India and North America Britain pursued similar objectives in this period. Fearful of the apparent enmity of France, Britain sought to secure the interests overseas which were thought to contribute so much to her wealth and power. This involved imposing a greater degree of control overcolonies in America and over the East India Company and its new possessions in India. Aspirations to greater control also reflected an increasing confidence in Britain's capacity to regulate the affairs of subject peoples, especially through parliament.If British objectives throughout the world were generally similar, whether they could be achieved depended on the support or at least acquiescence of those they tried to rule. Much of this book is concerned with bringing together the findings of the rich historical writing on both post-Mughal Indiaand late colonial America to assess the strengths and weaknesses of empire in different parts of the world. In North America potential allies who were closely linked to Britain in beliefs, culture and economic interest were ultimately alienated by Britain's political pretensions. Empire wasextremely fragile in two out of the three main Indian settlements. In Bengal, however, the British achieved a modus vivendi with important groups which enabled them to build a secure base for the future subjugation of the subcontinent.With the authority of one who has made the study of empire his life's work, Marshall provides a valuable resource for scholar and student alike.

Download Visions of Empire PDF

Visions of Empire


Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780691192802
Pages : 597 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (28 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Visions of Empire by Krishan Kumar:

Download or read book Visions of Empire written by Krishan Kumar and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2019-08-06 with total page 597 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "In this extraordinary volume, Krishan Kumar provides us with a brilliant tour of some of history's most important empires, demonstrating the critical importance of imperial ideas and ideologies for understanding their modalities of rule and the conflicts that beset them. In doing so, he interrogates the contested terrain between nationalism and empire and the legacies that empires leave behind."--Mark R. Beissinger, Princeton University "This is an excellent book with original insights into the history of empires and the discourses and rhetoric of their rulers and defenders. Kumar's writing is lively and free of jargon, and his research is prodigious. He manages to bring clarity and perspective to a complex subject."--Ronald Grigor Suny, author of "They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else": A History of the Armenian Genocide "A masterly piece of work."--Anthony Pagden, author of The Burdens of Empire: 1539 to the Present

Download The Persistence of Orientalism PDF

The Persistence of Orientalism


Author :
Publisher : Syracuse University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780815655084
Pages : 229 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (58 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Persistence of Orientalism by Peter Gran:

Download or read book The Persistence of Orientalism written by Peter Gran and published by Syracuse University Press. This book was released on 2020-12-17 with total page 229 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why is the 1798 Napoleonic invasion of Egypt routinely accepted as a watershed moment between premodern and modern in general histories on the Middle East? Although decades of scholarship, most-notably Edward Said’s Orientalism, have critiqued traditional binaries of developed and undeveloped in Arab studies, the narrative of 1798 symbolizing the coming of the modern west to the rescue of the static east endures. Peter Gran’s The Persistence of Orientalism is the first book to take stock of this dominant paradigm, interrogating its origins and the ways in which scholarship is produced to perpetuate it. Gran surveys the history of American studies of Modern Egypt, examining three central issues: the periodization of modern professional knowledge in the US in the 1890s, the contemporary identity of orientalism and its critique, and the close connection between Oriental Despotism and the dominant formulation of American identity found in American Studies and in American life. Reinvigorating the conversation on the historiography of modern Egypt, this volume will influence a new generation of scholars studying the Middle East and beyond.

Download Iconic Turns PDF

Iconic Turns


Author :
Publisher : BRILL
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789004250819
Pages : 270 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (81 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Iconic Turns by Liliya Berezhnaya:

Download or read book Iconic Turns written by Liliya Berezhnaya and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2013-06-01 with total page 270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Collection of documents from a section of the World Council of Churches Archives, dealing with Germany and fifteen other countries during the period 1932-1957. Documents include: newspapers, press clippings, press releases, telegrams, correspondence, minutes, manuscripts and personal notes. The collection also includes reports on the situation of the Jews in several European countries, as well as correspondence and personal letters of such notable individuals as Dietrich Bonhoeffer, George Bell, Hans Schönfeld, Karl Barth, James McDonald, Georges Casalis, Adolf Freudenberg, Martin Niemöller, Otto Dibelius, Gerhart Riegner, Marc Boegner, and Willem Adolf Visser 't Hooft. The archives document not only the issues and events of the War, but also the beginning years of the World Council of Churches.

Download The Cabinet PDF

The Cabinet


Author :
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780674986480
Pages : 433 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (648 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Cabinet by Lindsay M. Chervinsky:

Download or read book The Cabinet written by Lindsay M. Chervinsky and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2020-04-07 with total page 433 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The US Constitution never established a presidential cabinet—the delegates to the Constitutional Convention explicitly rejected the idea. So how did George Washington create one of the most powerful bodies in the federal government? On November 26, 1791, George Washington convened his department secretaries—Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, and Edmund Randolph—for the first cabinet meeting. Why did he wait two and a half years into his presidency to call his cabinet? Because the US Constitution did not create or provide for such a body. Washington was on his own. Faced with diplomatic crises, domestic insurrections, and constitutional challenges—and finding congressional help lacking—Washington decided he needed a group of advisors he could turn to. He modeled his new cabinet on the councils of war he had led as commander of the Continental Army. In the early days, the cabinet served at the president’s pleasure. Washington tinkered with its structure throughout his administration, at times calling regular meetings, at other times preferring written advice and individual discussions. Lindsay M. Chervinsky reveals the far-reaching consequences of Washington’s choice. The tensions in the cabinet between Hamilton and Jefferson heightened partisanship and contributed to the development of the first party system. And as Washington faced an increasingly recalcitrant Congress, he came to treat the cabinet as a private advisory body to summon as needed, greatly expanding the role of the president and the executive branch.

Download Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory PDF

Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory


Author :
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781135997946
Pages : 529 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (794 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory by Gerard Delanty:

Download or read book Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory written by Gerard Delanty and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2011-03-23 with total page 529 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Handbook will address a range of issues that have emerged out of recent social and political theory. It will focus on key themes as opposed to schools of thought or major theorists. Each chapter is an emerging, cutting edge topic that is of interest both to social theory and to political theory. Most topics will have a clear and substantive focus on social or political problems.

Download The Persistence of Victorian Liberalism PDF

The Persistence of Victorian Liberalism


Author :
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0313313059
Pages : 224 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.1/5 (331 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Persistence of Victorian Liberalism by Robert F. Haggard:

Download or read book The Persistence of Victorian Liberalism written by Robert F. Haggard and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2001 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examines the question of where to locate the ideological break between "classical liberalism" and the underlying principles of the modern Welfare State.

Download The Routledge Companion to Asian American and Pacific Islander Literature PDF

The Routledge Companion to Asian American and Pacific Islander Literature


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317698418
Pages : 522 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (841 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Routledge Companion to Asian American and Pacific Islander Literature by Rachel Lee:

Download or read book The Routledge Companion to Asian American and Pacific Islander Literature written by Rachel Lee and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-06-05 with total page 522 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Companion to Asian American and Pacific Islander Literature offers a general introduction as well as a range of critical approaches to this important and expanding field. Divided into three sections, the volume: Introduces "keywords" connecting the theories, themes and methodologies distinctive to Asian American Literature Addresses historical periods, geographies and literary identities Looks at different genre, form and interdisciplinarity With 41 essays from scholars in the field this collection is a comprehensive guide to a significant area of literary study for students and teachers of Ethnic American, Asian diasporic and Pacific Islander Literature. Contributors: Christine Bacareza Balance, Victor Bascara, Leslie Bow, Joshua Takano Chambers-Letson, Tina Chen, Anne Anlin Cheng, Mark Chiang, Patricia P. Chu, Robert Diaz, Pin-chia Feng, Tara Fickle, Donald Goellnicht, Helena Grice, Eric Hayot, Tamara C. Ho, Hsuan L. Hsu, Mark C. Jerng, Laura Hyun Yi Kang, Daniel Y. Kim, Jodi Kim, James Kyung-Jin Lee, Rachel C. Lee, Jinqi Ling, Colleen Lye, Sean Metzger, Susette Min, Susan Y. Najita, Viet Thanh Nguyen, erin Khuê Ninh, Eve Oishi, Josephine Nock-Hee Park, Steven Salaita, Shu-mei Shi, Rajini Srikanth, Brian Kim Stefans, Erin Suzuki, Theresa Tensuan, Cynthia Tolentino, Thuy Linh Nguyen Tu, Eleanor Ty, Traise Yamamoto, Timothy Yu.

Download China: The Stealth Empire PDF

China: The Stealth Empire


Author :
Publisher : The History Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780752496191
Pages : 320 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (619 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review China: The Stealth Empire by Edward Burman:

Download or read book China: The Stealth Empire written by Edward Burman and published by The History Press. This book was released on 2008-06-08 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: China: The Stealth Empire asks why it is that China despite its size and once advanced culture and technology did not become a world power centuries ago? Burman traces the answer through Chinese innate sense of superiority which made foreign conquest and trade an irrelevance. This is about to change with the evolution of what is termed the Stealth Empire characterised by world dominance in the production of consumer goods, a growing share of world manufacturing and a strong sense of nationalism. The Chinese believe that they need to do nothing as they evolve by the middle of the century into the dominant world power. Burman's book opens a window onto this history and growing sense of national destiny. It will be essential reading for anyone wanting to understand what is going on in the Stealth Empire.

Download The Oxford World History of Empire PDF

The Oxford World History of Empire


Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780197532775
Pages : 1449 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (277 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Oxford World History of Empire by Peter Fibiger Bang:

Download or read book The Oxford World History of Empire written by Peter Fibiger Bang and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-12-02 with total page 1449 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is the first world history of empire, reaching from the third millennium BCE to the present. By combining synthetic surveys, thematic comparative essays, and numerous chapters on specific empires, its two volumes provide unparalleled coverage of imperialism throughout history and across continents, from Asia to Europe and from Africa to the Americas. Only a few decades ago empire was believed to be a thing of the past; now it is clear that it has been and remains one of the most enduring forms of political organization and power. We cannot understand the dynamics and resilience of empire without moving decisively beyond the study of individual cases or particular periods, such as the relatively short age of European colonialism. The history of empire, as these volumes amply demonstrate, needs to be drawn on the much broader canvas of global history. Volume Two: The History of Empires tracks the protean history of political domination from the very beginnings of state formation in the Bronze Age up to the present. Case studies deal with the full range of the historical experience of empire, from the realms of the Achaemenids and Asoka to the empires of Mali and Songhay, and from ancient Rome and China to the Mughals, American settler colonialism, and the Soviet Union. Forty-five chapters detailing the history of individual empires are tied together by a set of global synthesizing surveys that structure the world history of empire into eight chronological phases.

Download Tudor Empire PDF

Tudor Empire


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030628925
Pages : 411 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (892 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Tudor Empire by Jessica S. Hower:

Download or read book Tudor Empire written by Jessica S. Hower and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-12-17 with total page 411 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book recasts one of the most well-studied and popularly-beloved eras in history: the tumultuous span from the 1485 accession of Henry VII to the 1603 death of Elizabeth I. Though many have gravitated toward this period for its high drama and national importance, the book offers a new narrative by focusing on another facet of the British past that has exercised an equally powerful grip on audiences: imperialism. It argues that the sixteenth century was pivotal to the making of both Britain and the British Empire. Unearthing over a century of theorizing about and probing into the world beyond England’s borders, Tudor Empire shows that foreign enterprise at once mirrored, responded to, and provoked domestic politics and culture, while decisively shaping the Atlantic World. Demonstrating that territorial expansion abroad and national consolidation and identity formation at home were concurrent, intertwined, and mutually reinforcing, the author examines some of the earliest ventures undertaken by the crown and its subjects in France, Scotland, Ireland, and the Americas. Tudor Empire is a thought-provoking, essential read for those interested in the Tudors and the British Empire that they helped create.

Download The Trans-Pacific Imagination PDF

The Trans-Pacific Imagination


Author :
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789814324137
Pages : 351 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (413 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Trans-Pacific Imagination by Naoki Sakai:

Download or read book The Trans-Pacific Imagination written by Naoki Sakai and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2012 with total page 351 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduction: the trans-Pacific imagination - Rethinking boundary, culture and society / Naoki Sakai and Hyon Joo Yoo -- Towards a transnational history of victimhood nationalism: on the trans-Pacific space / Jie-Hyun Lim -- The trans-Pacific migrant and area studies / Lisa Lowe -- Imprinting the Empire: Western artists and the persistence of colonialism in East Asia / Tessa Morris-Suzuki -- The political formation of the homoerotics and the Cold War: the battle of gazes at and from Okinawa / Ikuo Shinjou -- Securing Okinawa for miscegenation: gender and trans-Pacific Empire of the United States and Japan / Annmaria Shimabuku -- The politics of postcoloniality and the literature of "Being-in-Japan" (Zainichi) / Hyoduk Lee -- The incurable feminine: women without a country in East Asian cinema / Hyon Joo Yoo -- Inter-Asia comparative framework: postcolonial film historiography in Taiwan and South Korea / Soyoung Kim -- Postcolonial Hiroshima, mon amour: Franco-Japanese collaboration in the American shadow / Yuko Shibata -- Reconceptualizing "East Asia" in the post-Cold War era / Sun Ge -- Trans-Pacific studies and the US-Japan complicity / Naoki Sakai