Summary Book Review Stalinism Revisited by Vladimir Tismaneanu:
Download or read book Stalinism Revisited written by Vladimir Tismaneanu and published by Central European University Press. This book was released on 2009-01-01 with total page 444 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalinism Revisited brings together representatives of multiple generations to create a rich examination of the study and practice of Stalinism. While the articles are uniformly excellent, the book's signal contribution is to bring recent research from Eastern European scholars to an English-speaking audience. Thus the volume is not just a "state of the discipline" collection, in which articles are collected to reflect that current situation of scholarship in a given field; instead, this one includes cutting edge scholarship that will prompt more of the same from other scholars in other fields/subfields. I would recommend this book highly to anyone interested in understanding the technology of Stalinism in both thought and practice. Nick Miller Boise State University The Sovietization of post-1945 East-Central Europe---marked by the forceful imposition of the Soviet-type society in the region---was a process of massive socio-political and cultural transformation. Despite its paramount importance for understanding the nature of the communist regime and its legacy, the communist take-over in East Central European countries has remained largely under-researched. Two decades after the collapse of the communist system, Stalinism Revisited brings together a remarkable international team of established and younger scholars, engaging them in a critical re-evaluation of the institutionalization of communist regimes in East-Central Europe and of the period of "high Stalinism." Sovietization is approached not as a fully pre-determined, homogeneous, and monolithic transformation, but as a set of trans-national, multifaceted, and inter-related processes of large-scale institutional and ideological transfers, made up of multiple "takeovers" in various fields. Theoretically minded and empirically sound, the collection adds key elements to our comparative understanding of Stalinist regimes in their various historical permutations. The richness of the source material employed and its comparative scope recommend Stalinism Revisited as a major, synthetic contribution to the study of East-Central Europe's Sovietization. Constantin lordachi Central European University, Budapest
Summary Book Review Transatlantic Antifascisms by Michael Seidman:
Download or read book Transatlantic Antifascisms written by Michael Seidman and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2017-11-16 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Antifascism has received little attention compared to its enemy. No historian or social scientist has previously attempted to define its nature and history - yet antifascism became perhaps the most powerful ideology of the twentieth century. Michael Seidman fills this gap by providing the first comprehensive study of antifascisms in Spain, France, the UK, and USA, with new interpretations of the Spanish Civil War, French Popular Front, and Second World War. He shows how two types of antifascism - revolutionary and counterrevolutionary - developed from 1936 to 1945. Revolutionary antifascism dominated the Spanish Republic during its civil war and re-emerged in Eastern Europe at the end of World War II. By contrast, counterrevolutionary antifascists were hegemonic in France, Britain, and the USA. In Western Europe, they restored conservative republics or constitutional monarchies based on Enlightenment principles. This innovative examination of antifascism will interest a wide range of scholars and students of twentieth-century history.
Summary Book Review Stalin's Curse by Robert Gellately:
Download or read book Stalin's Curse written by Robert Gellately and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2013-03-05 with total page 504 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The story of how Stalin ruthlessly built his 'Red Empire' in the aftermath of World War II - and what inspired him to build it.
Summary Book Review Goodbye to All That? by Dan Stone:
Download or read book Goodbye to All That? written by Dan Stone and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2014-01-23 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the decade after 1945, as the Cold War freeze set in, a new Europe slowly began to emerge from the ruins of the Second World War, based on a broad rejection of the fascist past that had so scarred the continent's recent history. In the East, this new consensus was enforced by Soviet-imposed Communist regimes. In the West, the process was less coercive, amounting more to a consensus of silence. On both sides, much was deliberately forgotten or obscured. The years which followed were in many ways golden years for western Europe. Democracy became embedded in Germany, and eventually triumphed over dictatorship in Spain, Portugal, and Greece. Britain and France faced up to the necessity of decolonization. The European Economic Community was founded and went from strength to strength, as the economies of western Europe bounced back from the devastation of the war. The countries of the East lagged far behind and seemed caught in a perpetual game of catch-up, but even there conditions had improved since the end of the war, albeit at a much slower rate. Above all, throughout this period the European world continued to be sustained by the broad anti-fascist consensus that had emerged in the years after 1945. However, as Dan Stone shows in this new history of the continent since the war, this fundamental consensus began to break down in the wake of the oil shocks of the 1970s, a process which has rapidly accelerated since the end of the Cold War. Globalization, deregulation, and the erosion of social-democratic welfare capitalism in the West, and the collapse of the purported Communist alternative in the East, have all fatally undermined the post-war anti-fascist value system that predominated across Europe in the first four decades after the end of the Second World War. Ominously, this has been accompanied by a rise in right-wing populism and a widespread revision of the anti-fascist narrative on which this value system was based. The danger of this shift is now evident: financial and social crisis, an increasing inability on the part of European populations to resist historical myth-making, and the re-emergence of fascist ideas. The result, as Dan Stone warns, is socially divisive, politically dangerous, and a genuine threat to the future of a civilized Europe.
Summary Book Review Routledge Handbook of Modern Korean History by Michael J Seth:
Download or read book Routledge Handbook of Modern Korean History written by Michael J Seth and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-01-29 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century when Korea became entangled in the world of modern imperialism and the old social, economic and political order began to change; this handbook brings together cutting edge scholarship on major themes in Korean History. Contributions by experts in the field cover the Late Choson and Colonial periods, Korea’s partition and the diverging paths of North and South Korea. Topics covered include: The division of Korea Religion Competing imperialisms Economic change War and rebellions Nationalism Gender North Korea Under Kim Jong Il Global Korea The Handbook provides a stimulating introduction to the most important themes within the subject area, and is an invaluable reference work for any student and researcher of Korean History.
Summary Book Review The Devil in History by Vladimir Tismaneanu:
Download or read book The Devil in History written by Vladimir Tismaneanu and published by University of California Press. This book was released on 2014-03-14 with total page 334 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Devil in History is a provocative analysis of the relationship between communism and fascism. Reflecting the author’s personal experiences within communist totalitarianism, this is a book about political passions, radicalism, utopian ideals, and their catastrophic consequences in the twentieth century’s experiments in social engineering. Vladimir Tismaneanu brilliantly compares communism and fascism as competing, sometimes overlapping, and occasionally strikingly similar systems of political totalitarianism. He examines the inherent ideological appeal of these radical, revolutionary political movements, the visions of salvation and revolution they pursued, the value and types of charisma of leaders within these political movements, the place of violence within these systems, and their legacies in contemporary politics. The author discusses thinkers who have shaped contemporary understanding of totalitarian movements—people such as Hannah Arendt, Raymond Aron, Isaiah Berlin, Albert Camus, François Furet, Tony Judt, Ian Kershaw, Leszek Kolakowski, Richard Pipes, and Robert C. Tucker. As much a theoretical analysis of the practical philosophies of Marxism-Leninism and Fascism as it is a political biography of particular figures, this book deals with the incarnation of diabolically nihilistic principles of human subjugation and conditioning in the name of presumably pure and purifying goals. Ultimately, the author claims that no ideological commitment, no matter how absorbing, should ever prevail over the sanctity of human life. He comes to the conclusion that no party, movement, or leader holds the right to dictate to the followers to renounce their critical faculties and to embrace a pseudo-miraculous, a mystically self-centered, delusional vision of mandatory happiness.
Summary Book Review In Defense of Lost Causes by Slavoj Žižek:
Download or read book In Defense of Lost Causes written by Slavoj Žižek and published by Verso. This book was released on 2009-10-19 with total page 540 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: No Marketing Blurb
Summary Book Review Orphans of the East by Constantin Parvulescu:
Download or read book Orphans of the East written by Constantin Parvulescu and published by Indiana University Press. This book was released on 2015-06-08 with total page 199 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An analysis of films produced in post-World War II Eastern Europe featuring the trope of the orphan, and the issues these characters addressed. Unlike the benevolent orphan found in Charlie Chaplin’s The Kid or the sentimentalized figure of Little Orphan Annie, the orphan in postwar Eastern European cinema takes on a more politically fraught role, embodying the tensions of individuals struggling to recover from war and grappling with an unknown future under Soviet rule. By exploring films produced in postwar Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Poland, Constantin Parvulescu traces the way in which cinema envisioned and debated the condition of the post-World War II subject and the “new man” of Soviet-style communism. In these films, the orphan becomes a cinematic trope that interrogates socialist visions of ideological institutionalization and re-education and stands as a silent critic of the system’s shortcomings or as a resilient spirit who has resisted capture by the political apparatus of the new state. “By using the trope of an orphan Constantin Parvulescu demonstrates how films made in countries such as Hungary, East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania reflected on the specific problems affecting Eastern Europe after 1945, such as the loss of population, economic backwardness, the legacy of the Holocaust, while engaging in wider debates, especially the superiority of socialism over capitalism. Economically and elegantly written, it demonstrates that cinema produced in the periphery can be central to our understanding of films as ideological tools. This is one of the best books on Eastern European cinema ever written.” —Ewa Mazierska, University of Central Lancashire “Groundbreaking. . . . The author’s comparative, transnational perspective in chapters devoted to close textual analyses of each narrative demonstrates the value of reading film as a primary source for understanding the relationships among state power, intergenerational trauma, and revolutionary subjectivity. Parvulescu’s highly original portrayal of a landscape of parentless children evokes the trauma of war and the specificity of the socialist experiment in the former Eastern Bloc.” —Catherine Portuges, University of Massachusetts-Amherst “Parvulescu has taken a highly innovative approach to socialist and post-socialist cinema in the region, and one that is vividly illustrated by a superb selection of films.” —Studies in European Cinema
Summary Book Review The American Challenge by R. Catley:
Download or read book The American Challenge written by R. Catley and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-11-28 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The rise of the US as a hegemonic power during the twentieth century first pursuing a liberal project of globalization under Clinton and then moving towards greater unilateralism after the election of George W. Bush, is comprehensively described in this much-needed study. Following the invasion of Iraq, the Bush administration became increasingly unpopular at home and abroad. America's power to impose its will declined and rivals were able to take advantage of its weakened state and pursue their own agendas with considerable success. This indispensable book looks at whether policy failure in Iraq and declining US soft and hard power mark the beginning of the end of US hegemony or whether the resilience of America's military and economic foundations will once again prove observers wrong.
Summary Book Review De-Stalinisation Reconsidered by Thomas M. Bohn:
Download or read book De-Stalinisation Reconsidered written by Thomas M. Bohn and published by Campus Verlag Gmbh. This book was released on 2014 with total page 276 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalin s death is considered a mayor caesura in Soviet history. In its aftermath, the state had to redefine itself in political, economic, social and cultural matters. This volume includes various contributions of new international research that critically engage with questions of change and continuities in the fields of politics, modernization and social communities. In addition to Stalinism, processes such as urbanization therefore move into the center of interpreting Soviet history. The history of the Soviet 1950s and 60s is not only crucial for understanding glasnost and perestroika but contemporary Russia as well."
Summary Book Review Stalin's Guerrillas by Kenneth Slepyan:
Download or read book Stalin's Guerrillas written by Kenneth Slepyan and published by Modern War Studies (Hardcover). This book was released on 2006 with total page 409 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A detailed study of the operations, politics, culture, and autonomy of Soviet partisans (or guerrillas) who fought the German army in WWII. Blending military, political, social, and cultural history, Slepyan also provides a prism for viewing relations between the suffocating Stalinist state and its independent partisan warriors.
Summary Book Review Stalinist Terror by John Archibald Getty:
Download or read book Stalinist Terror written by John Archibald Getty and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1993-06-25 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These essays by scholars from six nations offers contributions to the understanding of Stalinist terror in the 1930s. The essays explore in depth the background of the terror and patterns of persecution, while providing more empirically founded estimates of the numbers of Stalin's victims.
Summary Book Review Nationalsozialismus aus heutiger Perspektive by Dan Diner:
Download or read book Nationalsozialismus aus heutiger Perspektive written by Dan Diner and published by . This book was released on 1994 with total page 493 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review The Soviet Empire by Library of Congress. Legislative Reference Service:
Download or read book The Soviet Empire written by Library of Congress. Legislative Reference Service and published by . This book was released on 1965 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Prepared at the request of the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate.
Summary Book Review Pop Culture Russia! by Birgit Beumers:
Download or read book Pop Culture Russia! written by Birgit Beumers and published by . This book was released on 2005 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A revealing look at contemporary Russian popular culture, exploring the historical and social influences that make it unique.
Summary Book Review Building Socialism, Constructing People by Andrada Fâtu-Tutoveanu:
Download or read book Building Socialism, Constructing People written by Andrada Fâtu-Tutoveanu and published by Cambridge Scholars Pub. This book was released on 2014 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines the issue of identity within the context of the first decade of the Romanian Communist regime, using a series of concepts and theories belonging to the disciplines of Western cultural, media and gender studies, as well as those relating to colonialism and imperialism. Of particular interest is the use of the press as an essential instrument for Romanian propaganda in terms of spreading, as well as controlling, the new set of politically-established identity patterns.