Summary Book Review Stalinism before the Second World War by Manfred Hildermeier:
Download or read book Stalinism before the Second World War written by Manfred Hildermeier and published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg. This book was released on 1998 with total page 345 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Der Kolloquiumsband gibt die erste Übersicht über den Forschungsstand zum Vorkriegsstalinismus seit den siebziger Jahren. Er spiegelt sowohl die neuen Erkenntnismöglichkeiten nach der Öffnung der Archive als auch neue Arbeitsfelder und methodische Wege, wie sie von der kulturgeschichtlichen Wende in der Geschichtswissenschaft allgemein angeregt worden sind. Er vereinigt theoretisch-methodische, politikorientierte und sozial- und kulturhistorische Zugänge ebenso wie erfahrungsgeschichtliche und "mikrohistorische"-exemplarische.
Summary Book Review Stalin and the Soviet Union by Stephen J. Lee:
Download or read book Stalin and the Soviet Union written by Stephen J. Lee and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2005-06-20 with total page 144 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalin and the Soviet Union offers new interpretations of recently uncovered archives examining the Soviet leader's domestic and foreign policy. It covers core topics such as: * Stalin's rise to power * the economy * society * culture * the Cold War * the Second World War * terror. For all students of Russia, Stalin and European history, this will prove essential reading, and a clear background and guide to exam success.
Summary Book Review Stalinism at War by Mark Edele:
Download or read book Stalinism at War written by Mark Edele and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2021-09-23 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalinism at War tells the epic story of the Soviet Union in World War Two. Starting with Soviet involvement in the war in Asia and ending with a bloody counter-insurgency in the borderlands of Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltics, the Soviet Union's war was both considerably longer and more all-encompassing than is sometimes appreciated. Here, acclaimed scholar Mark Edele explores the complex experiences of both ordinary and extraordinary citizens – Russians and Koreans, Ukrainians and Jews, Lithuanians and Georgians, men and women, loyal Stalinists and critics of his regime – to reveal how the Soviet Union and leadership of a ruthless dictator propelled Allied victory over Germany and Japan. In doing so, Edele weaves together material on the society and culture of the wartime years with high-level politics and unites the military, economic and political history of the Soviet Union with broader popular histories from below. The result is an engaging, intelligent and authoritative account of the Soviet Union from 1937 to 1949.
Summary Book Review The Russian Revolution and Stalinism by Graeme Gill:
Download or read book The Russian Revolution and Stalinism written by Graeme Gill and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-04-26 with total page 233 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses upon significant aspects of Stalinism as a system in the USSR. It sheds new light on established questions and addresses issues that have never before been raised in the study of Stalinism. Stalinism constitutes one of the most striking and contentious phenomena of the twentieth century. It not only transformed the Soviet Union into a major military-industrial power, but through both the Second World War and the ensuing Cold War, and its effect on the political Left throughout much of the world, it also transformed much of that world. This collection of papers by an international cast of authors investigates a variety of major aspects of Stalinism. Significant new questions – like the role of private enterprise and violence in state-making – as well as some of the more established questions – like the number of Soviet citizens who died in the Second World War, whether agricultural collectivisation was genocidal, nationality policy, the politics of executive power, and the Leningrad affair – are addressed here in innovative and stimulating ways. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
Summary Book Review War, Holocaust and Stalinism by Shimon Redlich:
Download or read book War, Holocaust and Stalinism written by Shimon Redlich and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 1995 with total page 554 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee was an organization created by the Soviet authorities as a tool of Soviet war propaganda. However, the committee gradually assumed a Jewish identity and served as a focus for Jewish problems and concerns. Soviet Government, Party and Security began to view the committee with suspicion. Increasing conservatism and anti-Jewish policy rendered the existence of this "Jewish" organization precarious. War, Holocaust and Stalinism presents a documented history of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee in the Soviet Union during the Second World War, the Holocaust and the immediate post-war years to the end of 1948. It centers upon the tragic fate of Soviet Jewry under both Hitler and Stalin during this most significant period in Jewish history. This is the first publication of documents from the newly opening Russian archives, primarily from the Russian State Archive and the former Archive of the Communist Party. Using previously unpublished material, this volume offers a new insight into Soviet and Stalinist policies towards Jews and the JAFC and the decision making processes involved.
Summary Book Review The Second World War as the Second Foundation of the Soviet Union by Moritz Deutschmann:
Download or read book The Second World War as the Second Foundation of the Soviet Union written by Moritz Deutschmann and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2009-05 with total page 41 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Literature Review from the year 2007 in the subject History - Basics, grade: 1,0 (A+ in Amerika), University of California, Berkeley (USA: University of California, Berkeley - Department of History), course: War and Memory in the 20th Century, 16 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The discussion on Soviet war memorials in Eastern Europe has shown how differently Europeans from the West, the East, and Russia still commemorate World War II. This essay gives an overview of the most important works on the Russian war memory, from the almost complete silence on the war in late Stalinism and the war cult of the Brezhniev era to the "uncovering of blank spots" during the Perestroika. The essay points out that for many of the soldiers, the war was a "sovietizing" experience; paradoxically, however, it also encouraged resistance to the Stalinist dictatorship. The essay does not only help to understand how the war could be understood as a "second foundation" of the Soviet Union, but also sheds light on the general relation between power and memory in Soviet history.
Summary Book Review Stalin's Curse by Robert Gellately:
Download or read book Stalin's Curse written by Robert Gellately and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2013-03-07 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Second World War almost destroyed Stalin's Soviet Union. But victory over Nazi Germany provided the dictator with his great opportunity: to expand Soviet power way beyond the borders of the Soviet state. Well before the shooting stopped in 1945, the Soviet leader methodically set about the unprecedented task of creating a Red Empire that would soon stretch into the heart of Europe and Asia, displaying a supreme realism and ruthlessness that Machiavelli would surely have envied. By the time of his death in 1953, his new imperium was firmly in place, defining the contours of a Cold War world that was seemingly permanent and indestructible - and would last until the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989. But what were Stalin's motives in this spectacular power grab? Was he no more than a latter-day Russian tsar, for whom Communist ideology was little more than a smoke-screen? Or was he simply a psychopathic killer? In Stalin's Curse, best-selling historian Robert Gellately firmly rejects both these simplifications of the man and his motives. Using a wealth of previously unavailable documentation, Gellately shows instead how Stalin's crimes are more accurately understood as the deeds of a ruthless and life-long Leninist revolutionary. Far from being a latter day 'Red Tsar' intent simply upon imperial expansion for its own sake, Stalin was in fact deeply inspired by the rhetoric of the Russian revolution and what Lenin had accomplished during the Great War. As Gellately convincingly shows, Stalin remained throughout these years steadfastly committed to a 'boundless faith' in Communism - and saw the Second World War as his chance to take up once again the old revolutionary mission to carry the Red Flag to the world.
Summary Book Review The People's War by Robert W. Thurston:
Download or read book The People's War written by Robert W. Thurston and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2000 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The People's War lifts the Stalinist veil of secrecy to probe an almost untold side of World War II: the experiences of the Soviet people themselves. Going beyond dry and faceless military accounts of the eastern front of the "Great Patriotic War" and the Soviet state's one-dimensional "heroic People," this volume explores how ordinary citizens responded to the war, Stalinist leadership, and Nazi invasion. Drawing on a wealth of archival and recently published material, contributors detail the calculated destruction of a Jewish town by the Germans and present a chilling picture of life in occupied Minsk. They look at the cultural developments of the war as well as the wartime experience of intellectuals, for whom the period was a time of relative freedom. They discuss women's myriad roles in combat and other spheres of activity. They also reassess the behavior and morale of ordinary Red Army troops and offer new conclusions about early crushing defeats at the hands of the Germans--defeats that were officially explained as cowardice on the part of high officers. A frank investigation of civilian life behind the front lines, The People's War provides a detailed, balanced picture of the Stalinist USSR by describing not only the command structure and repressive power of the state but also how people reacted to them, cooperated with or opposed them, and adapted or ignored central policy in their own ways. By putting the Soviet people back in their war, this volume helps restore the range and complexity of human experience to one of history's most savage periods.
Summary Book Review Stalin's Defectors by Mark Edele:
Download or read book Stalin's Defectors written by Mark Edele and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-06-23 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalin's Defectors is the first systematic study of the phenomenon of frontline surrender to the Germans in the Soviet Union's 'Great Patriotic War' against the Nazis in 1941-1945. No other Allied army in the Second World War had such a large share of defectors among its prisoners of war. Based on a broad range of sources, this volume investigates the extent, the context, the scenarios, the reasons, the aftermath, and the historiography of frontline defection. It shows that the most widespread sentiments animating attempts to cross the frontline was a wish to survive this war. Disgruntlement with Stalin's 'socialism' was also prevalent among those who chose to give up and hand themselves over to the enemy. While politics thus played a prominent role in pushing people to commit treason, few desired to fight on the side of the enemy. Hence, while the phenomenon of frontline defection tells us much about the lack of popularity of Stalin's regime, it does not prove that the majority of the population was ready for resistance, let alone collaboration. Both sides of a long-standing debate between those who equate all Soviet captives with defectors, and those who attempt to downplay the phenomenon, then, over-stress their argument. Instead, more recent research on the moods of both the occupied and the unoccupied Soviet population shows that the majority understood its own interest in opposition to both Hitler's and Stalin's regime. The findings of Mark Edele in this study support such an interpretation.
Summary Book Review Stalinism by Sheila Fitzpatrick:
Download or read book Stalinism written by Sheila Fitzpatrick and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2000 with total page 377 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Summary Book Review Russian Revolution and Stalinism by Graeme J. Gill:
Download or read book Russian Revolution and Stalinism written by Graeme J. Gill and published by . This book was released on 2021 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses upon significant aspects of Stalinism as a system in the USSR. It sheds new light on established questions and addresses issues that have never before been raised in the study of Stalinism. Stalinism constitutes one of the most striking and contentious phenomena of the twentieth century. It not only transformed the Soviet Union into a major military-industrial power, but through both the Second World War and the ensuing Cold War, and its effect on the political Left throughout much of the world, it also transformed much of that world. This collection of papers by an international cast of authors investigates a variety of major aspects of Stalinism. Significant new questions - like the role of private enterprise and violence in state-making - as well as some of the more established questions - like the number of Soviet citizens who died in the Second World War, whether agricultural collectivisation was genocidal, nationality policy, the politics of executive power, and the Leningrad affair - are addressed here in innovative and stimulating ways. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.
Author :Serhij O. Jekelʹčyk Publisher :Oxford University Press, USA Release Date :2014 ISBN 10 :9780199378449 Pages :289 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.7/5 (844 users download)
Summary Book Review Stalin's Citizens by Serhij O. Jekelʹčyk:
Download or read book Stalin's Citizens written by Serhij O. Jekelʹčyk and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2014 with total page 289 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The first study of the everydayness of political life under Stalin, this book examines Soviet citizenship through common practices of expressing Soviet identity in the public space. The Stalinist state understood citizenship as practice, with participation in a set of political rituals and public display of certain 'civic emotions' serving as the marker of a person's inclusion in the political world. The state's relations with its citizens were structured by rituals of celebration, thanking, and hatred-rites that required both political awareness and a demonstrable emotional response. Soviet functionaries transmitted this obligation to ordinary citizens through the mechanisms of communal authority (workplace committees, volunteer agitators, and other forms of peer pressure) as much as through brutal state coercion. Yet, the population also often imbued these ceremonies--elections, state holidays, parades, mass rallies, subscriptions to state bonds--with different meanings: as a popular fãete, an occasion to get together after work, a chance to purchase goods not available on other days, and even as an opportunity to indulge in some drinking. The people also understood these political rituals as moments of negotiation whereby citizens fulfilling their 'patriotic duty' expected the state to reciprocate by providing essential services and basic social welfare. Nearly-universal passive resistance to required attendance casts doubt on recent theories about the mass internalization of communist ideology and the development of 'Soviet subjectivities.' The book is set in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv during the last years of World War II and immediate postwar years, the period best demonstrating how formulaic rituals could create space for the people to expresstheir concerns, fears, and prejudices, as well as their eagerness to be viewed as citizens in good standing. By the end of Stalin's rule, a more ossified routine of political participation developed, which persisted until the Soviet Union's collapse"--
Summary Book Review The Soviet Union by Charles River Editors:
Download or read book The Soviet Union written by Charles River Editors and published by . This book was released on 2019-07-20 with total page 376 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: *Includes pictures *Includes a bibliography for further reading For 30 years, much of the West looked on with disdain as the Bolsheviks took power in Russia and created and consolidated the Soviet Union. As bad as Vladimir Lenin seemed in the early 20th century, Joseph Stalin was so much worse that Churchill later remarked of Lenin, "Their worst misfortune was his birth... their next worst his death." Before World War II, Stalin consolidated his position by frequently purging party leaders (most famously Leon Trotsky) and Red Army leaders, executing hundreds of thousands of people at the least. And in one of history's greatest textbook examples of the idea that the enemy of my enemy is my friend, Stalin's Soviet Union allied with Britain and the United States to defeat Hitler in Europe during World War II. Stalin ruled with an iron fist for nearly 30 years before his death in 1953, which may or may not have been murder, just as Stalin was preparing to conduct another purge. With his death, Soviet strongman and long-time Stalinist Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971), who had managed to stay a step ahead of Stalin's purges if only because he participated in them, became the Soviet premier. Personal histrionics aside, Khrushchev meant business when dealing with the West, especially the United States and its young president, John F. Kennedy. After sensing weakness and a lack of fortitude in Kennedy, Khrushchev made his most audacious and ultimately costly decision by attempting to place nuclear warheads at advanced, offensive bases located in Cuba, right off the American mainland. As it turned out, the Cuban Missile Crisis would show the Kennedy Administration's resolve, force Khrushchev to back down, and ultimately sow the seeds of Khrushchev's fall from power. By the time he died in 1971, he had been declared a non-citizen of the nation he had ruled for nearly 20 years. Leonid Brezhnev became First Secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union in late 1964 after a plot to oust Khrushchev. Little is remembered in the public imagination about Brezhnev in comparison to Mikhail Gorbachev, Vladimir Lenin, or Joseph Stalin, despite the fact Brezhnev ruled the USSR from 1964-1982, longer than any Soviet leader other than Stalin. In fact, he held power during a tumultuous era that changed the world in remarkable ways, and that era has been favorably remembered by many former Soviet citizens. It marked a period of relative calm and even prosperity after the destruction of World War II and the tensions brought about by Khrushchev. Foremost amongst Brezhnev's achievements would be the détente period in the early 1970s, when the Soviets and Americans came to a number of agreements that reduced Cold War pressures and the alarming threat of nuclear war. Mikhail Gorbachev was chosen as the new General Secretary at the relatively youg age of 54 in March 1985. Gorbachev hoped to build the Soviet economy to relieve the persistent shortages of consumer goods it faced, which were caused by enormous military spending of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev tried to introduce some economic reforms, but they were blocked by communist hardliners. Gorbachev then came to the belief that the Soviet economy could not improved without political reform as well. In comparison with other Soviet leaders, Gorbachev was leader of the USSR for a relatively short period, but the changes that took place under his leadership were monumental, including some that were intended and others that were unforeseen. Gorbachev oversaw the end of the Cold War and the peaceful transition away from communism in Central and Eastern Europe, and he ended the war in Afghanistan and many other proxy conflicts in the developing world. Gorbachev improved relations with the West and developed enough trust with President Ronald Reagan and President George H.W. Bush to decommission thousands of nuclear weapons.
Summary Book Review From Stalinism to Pluralism by Gale Stokes:
Download or read book From Stalinism to Pluralism written by Gale Stokes and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 1996 with total page 294 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Gale Stokes has revised and updated this highly successful anthology whose aim is to show how, over the past forty years, East Europeans have made the journey from Stalinism to a new pluralism. Excerpts from the Stalin-Tito correspondence, essays by Imre Nagy, Brezhnev and Adam Michnik, fournew selections on the disintegration of Yugoslavia into vicious civil warfare, and close to fifty other documents make this text the most comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the history and politics of Eastern Europe since the end of World War II.
Summary Book Review Stalin and Stalinism by Martin McCauley:
Download or read book Stalin and Stalinism written by Martin McCauley and published by Pearson Education. This book was released on 2003 with total page 172 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Presents a re-examination of Stalinism in light of the collapse of the Soviet Union, exploring the Russian Revolution and the Soviet State in the years between 1917 and 1929, and looking at three specific periods in the history of Stalinism. Includes a selection of documents.
Summary Book Review Stalinist Society by Mark Edele:
Download or read book Stalinist Society written by Mark Edele and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2011-02-17 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stalinist Society offers a fresh analytical overview of the complex social formation ruled over by Stalin and his henchmen from the late 1920s to the early 1950s. Drawing on declassified archival materials, interviews with former Soviet citizens, old and new memoirs, and personal diaries, as well as the best of sixty years of scholarship, this book offers a non-reductionist account of social upheaval and social cohesion in a society marred by violence. Combining the perspectives from above and from below, the book integrates recent writing on everyday life, culture and entertainment, ideology and politics, terror and welfare, consumption and economics. Utilizing the latest archival research on the evolution of Soviet society during and after World War II, this study also integrates the entire history of Stalinism from the late 1920s to the dictator's death in 1953. Breaking radically with current scholarly consensus, Mark Edele shows that it was not ideology, terror, or state control which held this society together, but the harsh realities of making a living in a chaotic economy which the rulers claimed to plan and control, but which in fact they could only manage haphazardly.
Summary Book Review Redefining Stalinism by Harold Shukman:
Download or read book Redefining Stalinism written by Harold Shukman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2004-11-23 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Born in 1879 in Georgia, Stalin joined the Bolsheviks under Lenin in 1903 and became General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. These edited papers reassess the deeds, policies and legacy of a man who was responsible for innumerable deaths and untold human misery.