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Download Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation PDF

Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation


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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 3346013626
Pages : 60 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (61 users download)

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Summary Book Review Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation by Stanislaus Ajong:

Download or read book Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation written by Stanislaus Ajong and published by . This book was released on 2019-08-09 with total page 60 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: B1, University of Aberdeen, course: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW, language: English, abstract: This paper takes a critical look at a particular aspect of the decolonization of the former Trust Territory of Southern Cameroons. It focuses on the role of the United Nations Organization (UNO) in the application of article 76 b of the UN Charter and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1608 XV of April 21 1961 on the Future of The Trust Territory of the Cameroons under the United Kingdom Administration. The work argues that the UNO, failed to supervise the proper transition of the Territory from a Trusteeship Province into an Independent or Self-Governing State as per the Charter and Resolutions provisions. The paper examines the transition of the territory from 1954 when it gained quasi-regional autonomy, through the plebiscite, federation with the independent Republic of Cameroon from 1961 to 1972 when the two became a unitary state. The conduct of the Cameroun Republic thereafter, which in 1984, regained the name acquired at independence with the peoples and territory of Southern Cameroons now part of the State. This act it is argued was a logical obliteration of the identity of Southern Cameroons. It concludes that the decolonization failed with recommendations including a referral to the International Court of Justice.

Download Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation PDF

Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation


Author :
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783346013613
Pages : 54 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (361 users download)

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Summary Book Review Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation by Stanislaus Ajong:

Download or read book Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation written by Stanislaus Ajong and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2019-09-11 with total page 54 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: B1, University of Aberdeen, course: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW, language: English, abstract: This paper takes a critical look at a particular aspect of the decolonization of the former Trust Territory of Southern Cameroons. It focuses on the role of the United Nations Organization (UNO) in the application of article 76 b of the UN Charter and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1608 XV of April 21 1961 on the Future of The Trust Territory of the Cameroons under the United Kingdom Administration. The work argues that the UNO, failed to supervise the proper transition of the Territory from a Trusteeship Province into an Independent or Self-Governing State as per the Charter and Resolutions provisions. The paper examines the transition of the territory from 1954 when it gained quasi-regional autonomy, through the plebiscite, federation with the independent Republic of Cameroon from 1961 to 1972 when the two became a unitary state. The conduct of the Cameroun Republic thereafter, which in 1984, regained the name acquired at independence with the peoples and territory of Southern Cameroons now part of the State. This act it is argued was a logical obliteration of the identity of Southern Cameroons. It concludes that the decolonization failed with recommendations including a referral to the International Court of Justice.

Download The Case for the Southern Cameroons PDF

The Case for the Southern Cameroons


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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105070867655
Pages : 156 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review The Case for the Southern Cameroons by Albert W. Mukong:

Download or read book The Case for the Southern Cameroons written by Albert W. Mukong and published by . This book was released on 1990 with total page 156 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty. PDF

Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty.


Author :
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781434365200
Pages : 816 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (52 users download)

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Summary Book Review Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty. by Martin Ayong Ayim:

Download or read book Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty. written by Martin Ayong Ayim and published by AuthorHouse. This book was released on 2010-01 with total page 816 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Strong Pre-Plebiscite Position of British Southern Cameroons Leaders The two leaders (Endeley and Foncha, Former and current Prime Ministers) accepted completely dropping the idea of joining Nigeria or Cameroon, simply requesting of the British administering authority the granting of independence to the Southern Cameroons in its own right (Kale 1967: 70; Awasom 1980: 57). This decision was happily welcomed by the British Commissioner, J.O. Fields, and it led to the London Talks of November 1960. The London Talk was chaired by the British Secretary of State for Colonies. It was attended by the Commissioner J. O. Fields, and the Southern Cameroonian leaders including E. M. L. Endeley, J. N. Foncha, P. M. Motomby-Woleta, Reverend Kangsen, S. E. Ncha, Fon Galega II of Bali, and Fon Oben of Mamfe. Discussions on the independence of the Southern Cameroons were moving toward fruition, but not for long. The atmosphere soon changed dramatically, for it was filled with a diversity of views, and "so these other roundtable talks ended in smoke" (Kale 1967: 70).19 Foncha and Endeley had to campaign to obtain independence for the Southern Cameroons, either by reunifying with Cameroon or the Federal Republic of Nigeria, in spite of themselves. The Southern Cameroons, therefore, presented "one of the most bizarre cases in history where a territory had to gain its independence by attaching itself to an already independent state" (Awasom 1980: 58). Whatever effort necessary When you're willing to make an initial effort, you'll succeed sometimes. Take the next step, make a second effort, and you'll succeed more often. If you're prepared to make a third, fourth, or fifth effort, you'll reach a much highersuccess rate. And when you commit to putting forth whatever effort is necessary, you will achieve whatever you choose. Real and lasting success usually requires more than one attempt. If you make just a single attempt and then give up, you haven't given yourself much of an opportunity to achieve. There is no reason to become discouraged if you fail to reach your goal on the first attempt, or even the second or third. For each effort, though it may not get you there, gets you closer. Even an unsuccessful attempt gives you valuable knowledge and experience, and vastly increases the likelihood of success on the next attempt. When you continue getting closer each time, you surely and eventually will get where you intend to go. The roads leading to the most beautiful places always twist and turn and double back on themselves. Keep making the effort, no matter what, and you will reach the beautiful places where you wish to be. -- Ralph Marston

Download Ceded at Dawn PDF

Ceded at Dawn


Author :
Publisher : Spears Media Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781942876526
Pages : 118 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (652 users download)

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Summary Book Review Ceded at Dawn by Augustine Ndangam:

Download or read book Ceded at Dawn written by Augustine Ndangam and published by Spears Media Press. This book was released on 2020-04-15 with total page 118 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ceded at Dawn identifies and examines decolonization as the principal source of the smoldering tension that persisted between the two former United Nations Trust Territories in Cameroon which finally exploded into an armed conflict in 2017. French Cameroon (now the Republic of Cameroon) was decolonized while the decolonization of British Cameroons was abandoned unfinished. The international experiment on independence by joining was an exceptional route selected for the decolonization of British Southern Cameroons and was defended with the untenable arguments that British Southern Cameroons was too small and too poor to be granted sovereign independence. Both British Southern Cameroons and French Cameroon rejected independence by joining – the latter registering her objection in a “No” vote at the General Assembly meeting in April 1961. In British Southern Cameroons on the other hand, the suppression of bilateral agreement on confederation of states of equal status, the nullification of their self-governing status and worst of all the wrongful transfer of that self-governing state to the Republic of Cameroon on no known terms became a complete recipe for a disaster awaiting outburst and eruption. Ceded at Dawn documents and methodically analyzes these developments using archival and recently declassified British colonial sources. Historians, diplomats, political scientists, scholars of the UN system and international law as well experts on decolonization will find this volume it very illuminating.

Download The Cameroons PDF

The Cameroons


Author :
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 984 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review The Cameroons by Victor T. Le Vine:

Download or read book The Cameroons written by Victor T. Le Vine and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 1961 with total page 984 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Report by Her Majesty's Government to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration PDF

Report by Her Majesty's Government to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration


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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:35112103648517
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Report by Her Majesty's Government to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration by Great Britain. Colonial Office:

Download or read book Report by Her Majesty's Government to the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration written by Great Britain. Colonial Office and published by . This book was released on 1954 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Post-Colonial Cameroon PDF

Post-Colonial Cameroon


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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN 10 : 9781498564649
Pages : 472 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (464 users download)

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Summary Book Review Post-Colonial Cameroon by Joseph Takougang:

Download or read book Post-Colonial Cameroon written by Joseph Takougang and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2018-06-13 with total page 472 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book by a diverse group of Cameroonian scholars, both at home and in the diaspora, presents multidisciplinary insights on some of the critical issues including political, economic, and sociocultural developments in post-colonial Cameroon.

Download Cameroon PDF

Cameroon


Author :
Publisher : London, Oxford U.P
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UCAL:$B577362
Pages : 142 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Cameroon by David E. Gardinier:

Download or read book Cameroon written by David E. Gardinier and published by London, Oxford U.P. This book was released on 1963 with total page 142 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Cameroon Political Story PDF

Cameroon Political Story


Author :
Publisher : African Books Collective
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789956717828
Pages : 310 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (782 users download)

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Summary Book Review Cameroon Political Story by Namaso Mbile:

Download or read book Cameroon Political Story written by Namaso Mbile and published by African Books Collective. This book was released on 2011-07-26 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Cameroon Political Story is a long journey through the eyes and actions of the author himself. It is a mix between Mbiles memoirs, a bit of his biography and the Cameroon political story, heavily weighted in favour of that part of the Republic formerly identified as Southern Cameroons, later West Cameroon, now South West and North West Regions. The story is told in the interest of the Cameroonian youth and scholar who have often complained of the inadequate recording by political leaders of the life and deeds of their times. It is the story of an African boy of humble village beginnings who rose to participate in the making of a modern political community. It is hoped the book provides useful knowledge on the history, growth and constitutional evolution of Cameroon, a country which after more than a century of administrative metamorphosis settled to its present statehood in 1961, a Cameroon reborn.

Download Renewing the Promise PDF

Renewing the Promise


Author :
Publisher : Spears Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 172 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Renewing the Promise by Julius Fondong :

Download or read book Renewing the Promise written by Julius Fondong and published by Spears Books. This book was released on 2022-08-08 with total page 172 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this very riveting and well-researched essay, Julius Fondong ruminates on the continued relevance of the promises and principles that underpinned the creation of the post-colonial Cameroon nation-state, sixty years after unification in 1961. Renewing the Promise: A Treatise on the Refoundation of the Cameroon Nation chronicles Cameroon’s experiment in statehood; an experiment, which according to the author, sprung out of a desire and a promise to forge a new nation through the fusion of two territories with contrasting historical experiences and colonial legacies. Writing from the vantage position of a policy analyst, a governance expert, and a conflict management practitioner, Fondong contends that a combination of policy inconsistencies, imperial arrogance, institution capture, leadership deficiencies and the brazen travesties of the nation’s foundational principles and promises has led to violent internal dissent, decreased state capacity for public service delivery and a development gridlock. So, what can be done to re-align the nation to its founding promises and save it from possible disintegration? Fondong proposes an overarching, governance-based praxis for the re-engineering of the Cameroon nation from the bottom up. His proposed remedy is predicated on the principles of decentralized governance, the redistribution of power in a manner that addresses the right to self-determination of Anglophone Cameroonians, enhanced public service delivery and a strategic shift from a transactional to a transformational leadership paradigm. Renewing the Promise is a thought-provoking and captivating political essay, written with exhilarating passion and prototypical clarity. It can serve as a blueprint for a much-needed reform of Cameroon’s governance architecture.

Download The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration PDF

The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration


Author :
Publisher : University Press of America
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0761825045
Pages : 238 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (182 users download)

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Summary Book Review The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration by Bon Chem-Langhëeuml Ë:

Download or read book The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration written by Bon Chem-Langhëeuml Ë and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 2004 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume deals essentially with the rise and evolution of the nationalist movements in the British Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons (the Cameroons), the factors that conditioned those movements, and how and why their results came to be as they were. The main theses establish in this work are: that the United Nations decisions on the plebiscite questions denied the British Cameroonians the right to self-determination; that whatever the electorate voted for in the plebiscites, it was not for the United Nations plebiscite questions; that, as from 1953, the traditional authorities and rulers played a more important role in conditioning the nationalist movements than the modern or political leaders, although in the end the political leaders manipulated the events and had things their own way; and that after independence, the British devolved power on the wrong group of leaders, the political.

Download Nations and their Histories PDF

Nations and their Histories


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780230245273
Pages : 295 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (527 users download)

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Summary Book Review Nations and their Histories by S. Carvalho:

Download or read book Nations and their Histories written by S. Carvalho and published by Springer. This book was released on 2009-10-09 with total page 295 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nations and their Histories highlights the importance of the past and its uses in the formation of modern nations and national identities. The book looks at the construction of different national historiographies as well as present representations of the past in the political and cultural life of nations, covering the five continents.

Download Rayburn Building Declaration PDF

Rayburn Building Declaration


Author :
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781468515145
Pages : 136 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (514 users download)

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Summary Book Review Rayburn Building Declaration by Justice Aloysius Mbu:

Download or read book Rayburn Building Declaration written by Justice Aloysius Mbu and published by AuthorHouse. This book was released on 2004-12-01 with total page 136 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Southern Cameroon is the only nation in modem times that has been denied independence. The British, as the Administering authority, was requested by the United Nations by the General Assembly resolution 1608 to prepare the Southern Cameroon for independence. The Plebiscite of February 11th 1961 was the consultative procedure to sample the opinion poll of the population on the options chosen, which options in themselves could not be decisive on the issue of independence. The preparation of countries that had to attain independence status consisted of a written Constitution, Army, Police force, the Navy, the Air force, National Anthem and the color of the flag state. In other words, the preparatory arrangement must necessary include a structural governance, strategic territorial security and symbolic independence. The lame excuse that the British gave for their failure to provide for these things was that they were rather busy with the more important matters in Asia and the Middle East. The Southern Cameroon was therefore abandoned to her own devices unarmed and unprepared for independence. In fact the instructions left behind by the Commissioner showed that he left licenses to buy weapons with the estate managers and their families in self defense and non for the government of Southern Cameroon Civil Servants expatriate and the estate managers that were left behind were warned that, if they could not stand the anticipated wrath, to leave the territory from Tiko Airport and Sea Port, Mamfe Airport and River port or take any available exit to Nigeria. Even the Nigeria mail running in the Southern Cameroon was told to leave the territory. As a result, the government that was leftbehind, was naked and unprotected. On the demise of the British, 30th of September 1961, President Ahidjo assumed full power at the Tiko Airport with his militia flanged on both sides, comprising the army, presidential guards, gendarmes, police force, navy and air force with the French as advisers and directors. From that day forward a dictatorship and a polgrom was set up against the people of the Southern Cameroon, who were used to press freedom, democracy, independence of the judiciary, transparent and accountable governance. How could a good system like this one be abandoned, in the presence of the civilized world, for an uncouth dictatorship? The polgrom has created the brain drain leaving the have naught in control. The Rayburn Building Declaration has shown President Biya the door with options to avoid a blood bath, further looting and the squandering of the wealth of our peoples. Southern Cameroonians stand up to your rights and shout 'You've got a good case for the world to help you.

Download Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum PDF

Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum


Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105121962257
Pages : 13 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum by :

Download or read book Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum written by and published by . This book was released on 2004 with total page 13 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration PDF

The Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration


Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105034604871
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review The Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration by Great Britain. Colonial Office:

Download or read book The Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration written by Great Britain. Colonial Office and published by . This book was released on 1959 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon PDF

The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon


Author :
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783346062659
Pages : 174 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (265 users download)

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Summary Book Review The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon by Jean-Paul Kouega:

Download or read book The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon written by Jean-Paul Kouega and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2019-11-14 with total page 174 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scientific Study from the year 2019 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, University of Yaoundé 1 (Faculty of Arts), language: English, abstract: This work, which describes the English of these francophone users, comprises an introduction, seven chapters grouped into two parts, and a conclusion. The introduction overviews the historical background of the country and its geographic and linguistic situations. Part One deals with the didactics of English in Cameroon; it comprises three chapters which take up in turn the languages in the education system of the country, the teaching of English in primary and secondary schools as well as tertiary level institutions. Part Two, which tackles the description of the English speech of francophone users, first outlines the research design. Then it takes up the sound system of francophone English, focusing on the realisations of consonants and vowels, and stress placement. Next it examines the vocabulary of this variety of English and finds that it is characterised by an excessive use of direct loan, calque, and false friends. This is followed by a description of the morpho-syntactic features of the variety. The frequent features identified can be grouped under 12 major categories of items, i.e., verb tenses, articles, the plural form in noun phrases, pronouns, word order, subject-verb agreement, adverbs, prepositions, question formation, negation, verbs in embedded clauses, and serial verbs. Lastly, drawing from the findings outlined in these linguistic analyses, the researcher makes an appraisal of Cameroon’s French-English official bilingualism policy. The various measures taken over the years by Government to promote official bilingualism are evaluated first. Then the consequences of the failure of this policy are considered. Finally a way forward is proposed: there is a need to adopt a new syllabus purposely designed to enhance bilingual competence among francophones in the country. Francophone English as Kouega notes, is a dialect of English that is developing in a number of Expanding Circles countries where French has hitherto been the sole or primary medium of instruction. In Cameroon, francophone children learn English as a subject from primary school alongside other subjects like geography, which are taught in French. English is taught as a subject from the primary to the tertiary level of education. It is taught in all schools as part of the implementation of the country’s French-English official bilingualism policy that was adopted in 1961 when French Cameroon and English Cameroon united to form a federal state.