Summary Book Review Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation by Stanislaus Ajong:
Download or read book Southern Cameroons and The United Nations Organisation written by Stanislaus Ajong and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2019-09-11 with total page 54 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: B1, University of Aberdeen, course: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW, language: English, abstract: This paper takes a critical look at a particular aspect of the decolonization of the former Trust Territory of Southern Cameroons. It focuses on the role of the United Nations Organization (UNO) in the application of article 76 b of the UN Charter and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1608 XV of April 21 1961 on the Future of The Trust Territory of the Cameroons under the United Kingdom Administration. The work argues that the UNO, failed to supervise the proper transition of the Territory from a Trusteeship Province into an Independent or Self-Governing State as per the Charter and Resolutions provisions. The paper examines the transition of the territory from 1954 when it gained quasi-regional autonomy, through the plebiscite, federation with the independent Republic of Cameroon from 1961 to 1972 when the two became a unitary state. The conduct of the Cameroun Republic thereafter, which in 1984, regained the name acquired at independence with the peoples and territory of Southern Cameroons now part of the State. This act it is argued was a logical obliteration of the identity of Southern Cameroons. It concludes that the decolonization failed with recommendations including a referral to the International Court of Justice.
Summary Book Review Cameroon by David E. Gardinier:
Download or read book Cameroon written by David E. Gardinier and published by London, Oxford U.P. This book was released on 1963 with total page 166 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty. by Martin Ayong Ayim:
Download or read book Former British Southern Cameroons Journey Towards Complete Decolonization, Independence, and Sovereignty. written by Martin Ayong Ayim and published by AuthorHouse. This book was released on 2010 with total page 818 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Ceded at Dawn by Augustine Ndangam:
Download or read book Ceded at Dawn written by Augustine Ndangam and published by Spears Media Press. This book was released on 2020-04-15 with total page 118 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ceded at Dawn identifies and examines decolonization as the principal source of the smoldering tension that persisted between the two former United Nations Trust Territories in Cameroon which finally exploded into an armed conflict in 2017. French Cameroon (now the Republic of Cameroon) was decolonized while the decolonization of British Cameroons was abandoned unfinished. The international experiment on independence by joining was an exceptional route selected for the decolonization of British Southern Cameroons and was defended with the untenable arguments that British Southern Cameroons was too small and too poor to be granted sovereign independence. Both British Southern Cameroons and French Cameroon rejected independence by joining – the latter registering her objection in a “No” vote at the General Assembly meeting in April 1961. In British Southern Cameroons on the other hand, the suppression of bilateral agreement on confederation of states of equal status, the nullification of their self-governing status and worst of all the wrongful transfer of that self-governing state to the Republic of Cameroon on no known terms became a complete recipe for a disaster awaiting outburst and eruption. Ceded at Dawn documents and methodically analyzes these developments using archival and recently declassified British colonial sources. Historians, diplomats, political scientists, scholars of the UN system and international law as well experts on decolonization will find this volume it very illuminating.
Summary Book Review The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration by Bon Chem-Langhëeuml Ë:
Download or read book The Paradoxes of Self-determination in the Cameroons Under United Kingdom Administration written by Bon Chem-Langhëeuml Ë and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 2004 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume deals essentially with the rise and evolution of the nationalist movements in the British Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons (the Cameroons), the factors that conditioned those movements, and how and why their results came to be as they were. The main theses establish in this work are: that the United Nations decisions on the plebiscite questions denied the British Cameroonians the right to self-determination; that whatever the electorate voted for in the plebiscites, it was not for the United Nations plebiscite questions; that, as from 1953, the traditional authorities and rulers played a more important role in conditioning the nationalist movements than the modern or political leaders, although in the end the political leaders manipulated the events and had things their own way; and that after independence, the British devolved power on the wrong group of leaders, the political.
Author :Victor T. LeVine Publisher :Berkeley : University of California Press Release Date :1964 ISBN 10 :UCAL:B247 Pages :360 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review The Cameroons, from Mandate to Independence by Victor T. LeVine:
Download or read book The Cameroons, from Mandate to Independence written by Victor T. LeVine and published by Berkeley : University of California Press. This book was released on 1964 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum by :
Download or read book Public Debate on the Southern Cameroons Referendum written by and published by . This book was released on 2004 with total page 24 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Rayburn Building Declaration by Justice Aloysius Mbu:
Download or read book Rayburn Building Declaration written by Justice Aloysius Mbu and published by AuthorHouse. This book was released on 2004-12 with total page 139 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Southern Cameroon is the only nation in modem times that has been denied independence. The British, as the Administering authority, was requested by the United Nations by the General Assembly resolution 1608 to prepare the Southern Cameroon for independence. The Plebiscite of February 11th 1961 was the consultative procedure to sample the opinion poll of the population on the options chosen, which options in themselves could not be decisive on the issue of independence. of a written Constitution, Army, Police force, the Navy, the Air force, National Anthem and the color of the flag state. In other words, the preparatory arrangement must necessary include a structural governance, strategic territorial security and symbolic independence. The lame excuse that the British gave for their failure to provide for these things was that they were rather busy with the more important matters in Asia and the Middle East. The Southern Cameroon was therefore abandoned to her own devices unarmed and unprepared for independence. In fact the instructions left behind by the Commissioner showed that he left licenses to buy weapons with the estate managers and their families in self defense and non for the government of Southern Cameroon warned that, if they could not stand the anticipated wrath, to leave the territory from Tiko Airport and Sea Port, Mamfe Airport and River port or take any available exit to Nigeria. Even the Nigeria mail running in the Southern Cameroon was told to leave the territory. As a result, the government that was left behind, was naked and unprotected. On the demise of the British, 30th of September 1961, President Ahidjo assumed full power at the Tiko Airport with his militia flanged on both sides, comprising the army, presidential guards, gendarmes, police force, navy and air force with the French as advisers and directors. people of the Southern Cameroon, who were used to press freedom, democracy, independence of the judiciary, transparent and accountable governance. How could a good system like this one be abandoned, in the presence of the civilized world, for an uncouth dictatorship? The polgrom has created the brain drain leaving the have naught in control. The Rayburn Building Declaration has shown President Biya the door with options to avoid a blood bath, further looting and the squandering of the wealth of our peoples. Southern Cameroonians stand up to your rights and shout 'You've got a good case for the world to help you.
Summary Book Review Cameroon Political Story by Namaso Mbile:
Download or read book Cameroon Political Story written by Namaso Mbile and published by African Books Collective. This book was released on 2011-07-26 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Cameroon Political Story is a long journey through the eyes and actions of the author himself. It is a mix between Mbiles memoirs, a bit of his biography and the Cameroon political story, heavily weighted in favour of that part of the Republic formerly identified as Southern Cameroons, later West Cameroon, now South West and North West Regions. The story is told in the interest of the Cameroonian youth and scholar who have often complained of the inadequate recording by political leaders of the life and deeds of their times. It is the story of an African boy of humble village beginnings who rose to participate in the making of a modern political community. It is hoped the book provides useful knowledge on the history, growth and constitutional evolution of Cameroon, a country which after more than a century of administrative metamorphosis settled to its present statehood in 1961, a Cameroon reborn.
Summary Book Review Cameroon-Nigeria Relations by Osita Agbu:
Download or read book Cameroon-Nigeria Relations written by Osita Agbu and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2022 with total page 389 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the trends and dynamics associated with Cameroon-Nigeria relations. It offers rich perspectives for understanding the objectives and drivers of diplomatic relations between both countries.
Summary Book Review Virtual Activism on Cameroon by Isaac Njoh Endeley:
Download or read book Virtual Activism on Cameroon written by Isaac Njoh Endeley and published by African Books Collective. This book was released on 2013 with total page 184 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the 1990s, as the Internet in general and e-mail in particular grew in popularity as a means of communication, a number of Cameroonians residing in various parts of the world established a vibrant and lively electronic forum for the discussion of various issues related to their native land. The forum, known as Camnet, demonstrated that Cameroonians living abroad could actively participate in the political, economic and social processes taking place at home. This ability to remain actively engaged in the development of one's nation through the Internet is what Endeley calls 'virtual activism.' Camnet thus distinguished itself as the first and most influential breeding ground for Cameroonian 'virtual activism.' Although Camnet appeared to be dominated by political discussions, it was a truly multi-dimensional forum. No topic was explicitly forbidden and on some occasions the participants conducted extensive debates on issues that had nothing to do with Cameroon or with politics. In this publication, however, the author has chosen to present only a representative sample of his own contributions from the late 1990s with a direct bearing on Cameroon's development. Some of the contributions are in French and in order to reflect the bilingual nature of the debates that took place on Camnet, these have not been translated into English. The informed reader will be struck by the issues which were being debated over 15 years ago as well as by the fact that some of the predictions the author made in the 1990s are a reality today.
Summary Book Review Nations and their Histories by S. Carvalho:
Download or read book Nations and their Histories written by S. Carvalho and published by Springer. This book was released on 2009-10-09 with total page 295 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nations and their Histories highlights the importance of the past and its uses in the formation of modern nations and national identities. The book looks at the construction of different national historiographies as well as present representations of the past in the political and cultural life of nations, covering the five continents.
Summary Book Review The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon by Jean-Paul Kouega:
Download or read book The English of Francophone Speakers in Cameroon written by Jean-Paul Kouega and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2019-11-14 with total page 174 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scientific Study from the year 2019 in the subject Didactics - English - Pedagogy, Literature Studies, University of Yaoundé 1 (Faculty of Arts), language: English, abstract: This work, which describes the English of these francophone users, comprises an introduction, seven chapters grouped into two parts, and a conclusion. The introduction overviews the historical background of the country and its geographic and linguistic situations. Part One deals with the didactics of English in Cameroon; it comprises three chapters which take up in turn the languages in the education system of the country, the teaching of English in primary and secondary schools as well as tertiary level institutions. Part Two, which tackles the description of the English speech of francophone users, first outlines the research design. Then it takes up the sound system of francophone English, focusing on the realisations of consonants and vowels, and stress placement. Next it examines the vocabulary of this variety of English and finds that it is characterised by an excessive use of direct loan, calque, and false friends. This is followed by a description of the morpho-syntactic features of the variety. The frequent features identified can be grouped under 12 major categories of items, i.e., verb tenses, articles, the plural form in noun phrases, pronouns, word order, subject-verb agreement, adverbs, prepositions, question formation, negation, verbs in embedded clauses, and serial verbs. Lastly, drawing from the findings outlined in these linguistic analyses, the researcher makes an appraisal of Cameroon’s French-English official bilingualism policy. The various measures taken over the years by Government to promote official bilingualism are evaluated first. Then the consequences of the failure of this policy are considered. Finally a way forward is proposed: there is a need to adopt a new syllabus purposely designed to enhance bilingual competence among francophones in the country. Francophone English as Kouega notes, is a dialect of English that is developing in a number of Expanding Circles countries where French has hitherto been the sole or primary medium of instruction. In Cameroon, francophone children learn English as a subject from primary school alongside other subjects like geography, which are taught in French. English is taught as a subject from the primary to the tertiary level of education. It is taught in all schools as part of the implementation of the country’s French-English official bilingualism policy that was adopted in 1961 when French Cameroon and English Cameroon united to form a federal state.
Summary Book Review Dream of Unity by Claude Emerson Welch:
Download or read book Dream of Unity written by Claude Emerson Welch and published by Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell U. P. This book was released on 1966 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Author :Victor T. Le Vine Publisher :Ithaca [N.Y.] : Cornell University Press Release Date :1971 ISBN 10 :UOM:39015010228354 Pages :205 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review The Cameroon Federal Republic by Victor T. Le Vine:
Download or read book The Cameroon Federal Republic written by Victor T. Le Vine and published by Ithaca [N.Y.] : Cornell University Press. This book was released on 1971 with total page 205 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Bakassi: Or the Politics of Exclusion and Occupation? by Fongot Kini-Yen:
Download or read book Bakassi: Or the Politics of Exclusion and Occupation? written by Fongot Kini-Yen and published by African Books Collective. This book was released on 2012-05-15 with total page 476 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is a complex volume that combines a good deal of survey data on Bakassi and its populations with more ethnographically based insights into the conditions of the Bakassi communities. The book is the outcome of research carried out by Fongot Kini between 2004 and 2009. The work is intended to serve as first hand exhaustive information on the live situation in the contested Bakassi Cameroon-Nigeria border region. The term Bakassi engenders multiple meanings loaded with many conflicting emotional, spiritual and material interests. Native inhabitants are systematically disinherited of their ancestral cultural heritage and socio-economic resources. They are bastardised, humiliated and scammed by unscrupulous opportunists who deliberately misidentify them with intentions of dispossessing them of their ancestral lands and natural resources. Overall the author is in sympathy with the Bakassi who he argues have been marginalised and neglected by the Cameroon state. In particular, the value of the indigenous communities in terms of local economies as well as securing this vital border area has not been recognised and various external groups have been either allowed or encouraged to settle there to both the detriment of local populations and to the security of the region.
Summary Book Review The Secrets of an Aborted Decolonisation by Carlson Anyangwe:
Download or read book The Secrets of an Aborted Decolonisation written by Carlson Anyangwe and published by African Books Collective. This book was released on 2010-10-08 with total page 806 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A remarkable feature of the collapse of the British Empire is that the British departed from almost every single one of their colonial territories invariably leaving behind a messy situation and an agenda of serious problems that in most cases still haunt those territories to this day. One such territory is the Southern British Cameroons. There, the British Government took the official view that the territory and its people were expendable. It opposed, for selfish economic reasons, sovereign statehood for the territory, in clear violation of the UN Charter and the norm of self-determination. It transferred the Southern Cameroons to a new colonial overlord and hurriedly left the territory. The British Governments bad faith, duplicity, deception, wheeling and dealing, and betrayal of the people of the Southern Cameroons is incredible and defies good sense. Ample evidence of this is provided by the declassified documents in this book. Among the material are treaties concluded by Britain with Southern Cameroons coastal Kings and Chiefs; and the boundary treaties of the Southern Cameroons, treaties defining the frontiers with Nigeria to the west and the frontier with Cameroun Republic to the east. The book contains documents that attest to the Southern Cameroons as a fully self-governing country, ready for sovereign statehood. These include debates in the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly; and the various Constitutions of the Southern Cameroons. The book also reproduces British declassified documents on the Southern Cameroons covering the three critical years from 1959 to 1961, documents which speak to the inglorious stewardship of Great Britain in the Southern Cameroons. This book removes lingering doubts in some quarters that the people of the Southern Cameroons were cheated of independence. Its contents are further evidence of their inalienable right and sacred duty to assert their independence. No one who reads this book can possibly be indifferent to the just struggle of the Southern Cameroons for sovereign statehood.