Summary Book Review Warriors, Merchants, and Slaves by :
Download or read book Warriors, Merchants, and Slaves written by and published by Stanford University Press. This book was released on 1987-06 with total page 293 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Over the course of two centuries, the region of the Middle Niger valley of the Western Sudan was dominated by three successive states: the indigenous Segu Bambara state, the Islamic Umarian state, and the French colonial state. In each of these states, warriors were the rulers, and not surprisingly warfare was the primary expression of state power. The survival of each state depended on its ability to reproduce its capacity to make war; in order to do so, the warrior state intervened in the economy. In each of the three states, the interrelationship of warfare, the state, and the economy produced different results. How the state actually intervened in the economy and how this intervention influenced the structure and performance of the economy is the subject of this book. During the 200 years under study, the regional economy of the Middle Niger valley expanded and contracted in response to the state's capacity to provide conditions favorable to commercial development, capital accumulation, and investment. When the Segu Bambara state was able to control the autonomy of its warriors, the state encouraged the expansion of the regional economy. The Umarians, on the other hand, preyed upon producers within the region, and created conditions that discouraged long-term investments. The very success of the French conquest initially encouraged investment, especially in the form of slaves. After 1894, however, conflict between civilian colonial authorities and the French military undermined the economic and social foundations erected by the military. From 1905 to 1914, slaves left their masters and helped once again to transform the structure and performance of the economy.
Summary Book Review Essential Atlas of the World by :
Download or read book Essential Atlas of the World written by and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2011-04-01 with total page 259 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Have the world at your fingertips with the 6th edition of this compact, quick reference world atlas Visit the world's continents, regions and countries through the latest digital mapping with the latest edition of this quick reference atlas. Explore data profiles of each country, detailed fact files, over 90 maps, key statistics and time zones from across the globe, plus a full index with over 20,000 entries. A glossary of geographical terms makes this an essential reference for business, home or school. . Visit www.dk.com/worldfactfile to find out more about the world's 193 countries, from maps and historical information to up-to-date statistics.
Author :Richard L. Roberts Publisher :Cambridge University Press Release Date :2022-02-24 ISBN 10 :9781009098045 Pages :363 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.9/5 (84 users download)
Summary Book Review Conflicts of Colonialism by Richard L. Roberts:
Download or read book Conflicts of Colonialism written by Richard L. Roberts and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 363 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Using the life of an African clerk who became a king under French colonial rule, this book illuminates conflicts over colonial policies and the application of competing rules of law.
Author :Martin A. Klein Publisher :Cambridge University Press Release Date :1998-07-28 ISBN 10 :0521596785 Pages :388 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.2/5 (159 users download)
Summary Book Review Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa by Martin A. Klein:
Download or read book Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa written by Martin A. Klein and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1998-07-28 with total page 388 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Offers a history of slavery during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in three former French colonies.
Summary Book Review Francia, Band 48 by Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris:
Download or read book Francia, Band 48 written by Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris and published by Thorbecke. This book was released on 2021-09-20 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Der Band enthält 36 Beiträge in deutscher, französischer und englischer Sprache. Die Themenvielfalt reicht von der Fredegarchronik des 7. Jahrhunderts und dem Fortleben des römischen Rechts im frühen Mittelalter, den Anfängen diplomatischer Beziehungen und dem Hundertjährigen Krieg über die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen des 17. Jahrhunderts, die Eidleistung französischer Bischöfe unter Ludwig XIV. und die Bibliotheksgeschichte der Frühen Neuzeit bis zum Pariser Musikleben während der Julimonarchie, den Vegetarismus am Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs und die aktuelle Genderdebatte in Afrika. Mit der Geschichte des Körpers und seiner politischen Rolle am frühmodernen Hof sowie der Bürokratisierung afrikanischer Gesellschaften befassen sich die Beiträge zweier "Ateliers".
Download or read book Segu written by Maryse Conde and published by Penguin Books. This book was released on 1996-09-01 with total page 516 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: “A wondrous novel” (The New York Times) by the winner of the 2018 Alternative Nobel prize in literature (the New Academy Prize) The year is 1797, and the kingdom of Segu is flourishing, fed by the wealth of its noblemen and the power of its warriors. The people of Segu, the Bambara, are guided by their griots and priests; their lives are ruled by the elements. But even their soothsayers can only hint at the changes to come, for the battle of the soul of Africa has begun. From the east comes a new religion, Islam, and from the West, the slave trade. Segu follows the life of Dousika Traore, the king’s most trusted advisor, and his four sons, whose fates embody the forces tearing at the fabric of the nation. There is Tiekoro, who renounces his people’s religion and embraces Islam; Siga, who defends tradition, but becomes a merchant; Naba, who is kidnapped by slave traders; and Malobali, who becomes a mercenary and halfhearted Christian. Based on actual events, Segu transports the reader to a fascinating time in history, capturing the earthy spirituality, religious fervor, and violent nature of a people and a growing nation trying to cope with jihads, national rivalries, racism, amid the vagaries of commerce.
Summary Book Review Two Worlds of Cotton by Richard L. Roberts:
Download or read book Two Worlds of Cotton written by Richard L. Roberts and published by Stanford University Press. This book was released on 1996 with total page 414 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A major new approach to the study of the social and economic history of colonial French West Africa, this book traces French efforts to establish a cotton export economy in the French Soudan from the early nineteenth century through the end of World War II. By showing how a regionally based local economy successfully withstood the pressure from European capitalist markets and colonial aspirations, the book sheds new light on various generally accepted assumptions about the character of colonial economies and their integration into global export markets. It thus challenges the notion that colonial political, military, and elite intellectual hegemony translated directly or easily into regional economic hegemony. In making this argument, the book points to inherent weaknesses in the usual view of the colonial state, notably the failure to recognize sufficiently the enduring power of local processes - or local currents of culture and practice - to withstand empire and ultimately shape the experience of colonialism.
Summary Book Review Black Literature Criticism by Jeffrey W. Hunter:
Download or read book Black Literature Criticism written by Jeffrey W. Hunter and published by Gale / Cengage Learning. This book was released on 1999 with total page 489 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A collection of excerpted criticism on major works by 125 prominent black writers includes detailed profiles of each author and a history of critical response to his or her works.
Summary Book Review A Grammar of Tommo So by Laura McPherson:
Download or read book A Grammar of Tommo So written by Laura McPherson and published by Walter de Gruyter. This book was released on 2013-10-29 with total page 648 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Tommo So is a Dogon language with approximately 60,000 speakers in Mali, West Africa. As only the second full grammatical description of a Dogon language, this volume is a critical resource for solving the mystery of Dogon's genetic affiliation with other languages in Africa. Tommo So is an SOV language with isolating nominal morphology and agglutinative verbal morphology; suffixes on the verb mark tense/aspect/negation as well as subject agreement. The phonology is sensitive to levels of verbal morphology in that variable vowel harmony applies less frequently as one moves to outer layers of the morphology. The tone system of Tommo So is of typological interest in both its phonological and syntactic instantiations. Phonologically, it is a two-tone system of H and L, but these specified tones contrast with a surface-underspecified tone. Grammatically, the lexical tone of a word is often overwritten by syntactically-induced overlays. For example, an inalienable noun's tone will be replaced with L if it is possessed by a non-pronominal possessor, and by either H or HL if the possessor is pronominal. The language has also innovated a series of locative quasi-verbs and focus particles sensitive to pragmatic factors like certainty.
Summary Book Review The Encyclopaedia of Islam by Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb:
Download or read book The Encyclopaedia of Islam written by Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb and published by . This book was released on 1997 with total page 968 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Encyclopaedia of Islam (Second Edition) sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World. It is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam, and the authoritative source not only for the religion, but also for the believers and the countries in which they live.
Summary Book Review A State of Intrigue by Tayiru Banbera:
Download or read book A State of Intrigue written by Tayiru Banbera and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 1990 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is the first English translation of a traditional history of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Bamana kingdom of Segu, which flourished in an area that was once part of the Mali Empire and which far outlasted its neighbors in resistance to Islam. The story, which is one of Africa's great epic traditions, offers a view of daily life in Bamana Segu. Tayiru Banbera adds to this, providing invaluable information on such diverse topics as military strategy, culinary practices, taxation, law enforcement, and seduction.
Summary Book Review The Novel in Africa and the Caribbean since 1950 by Simon Gikandi:
Download or read book The Novel in Africa and the Caribbean since 1950 written by Simon Gikandi and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-10-03 with total page 592 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why did the novel take such a long time to emerge in the colonial world? And, what cultural work did it come to perform in societies where subjects were not free and modes of social organization diverged from the European cultural centers where the novel gained its form and audience? Answering these questions and more, Volume 11, The Novel in Africa and the Caribbean since 1950 explores the institutions of cultural production that exerted influence in late colonialism, from missionary schools and metropolitan publishers to universities and small presses. How these structures provoke and respond to the literary trends and social peculiarities of Africa and the Caribbean impacts not only the writing and reading of novels in those regions, but also has a transformative effect on the novel as a global phenomenon. Together, the volume's 32 contributing experts tell a story about the close relationship between the novel and the project of decolonization, and explore the multiple ways in which novels enable readers to imagine communities beyond their own and thus made this form of literature a compelling catalyst for cultural transformation. The authors show that, even as the novel grows in Africa and the Caribbean as a mark of the elites' mastery of European form, it becomes the essential instrument for critiquing colonialism and for articulating the new horizons of cultural nationalism. Within this historical context, the volume examines works by authors such as Chinua Achebe, Nadine Gordimer, George Lamming, Jamaica Kincaid, V.S. Naipaul, Zoe Wicomb, J. M. Coetzee, and many others.
Author :African Literature Association Publisher :Africa World Press Release Date :1998 ISBN 10 :0865436347 Pages :332 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.6/5 (543 users download)
Summary Book Review Mapping Intersections by African Literature Association:
Download or read book Mapping Intersections written by African Literature Association and published by Africa World Press. This book was released on 1998 with total page 332 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book takes on the challenge: What roles can and should African literature play in Africa's development? From a variety of critical stances and perspectives, the concepts of "literature" and of "development" are theorized, to include and extend beyond inherited concepts and boundaries in the Humanities and the Social Sciences, and thus, to engage peoples' everyday life experiences. Approaches to the question of Africa's literature and its development range from African feminism or feminist practices, to the economics and politics of public access to knowledge, information and literature, to communication networks and use of African languages in national education policies. Twenty essays constitute the volume's four parts which focus on: -- Diverse conceptualizations of African literature and development -- Critical studies of specific writers' works, linking their artistic development with issues and events of social or political development -- A philosophical consideration of the development's relationship to literature -- Models of activist pedagogy in African literature The structure of this volume is encompassed by two roundtable transcriptions with writers and critics for whom African literature and Africa's development is part of a larger struggle to create new space in which to thrive and envision new life, inside and outside the academy.
Summary Book Review Papers Presented to the Conference on African Women in History by :
Download or read book Papers Presented to the Conference on African Women in History written by and published by . This book was released on 1981 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Wallace-Johnson and the Sierra Leone Labor Crisis of 1939 by LaRay Denzer:
Download or read book Wallace-Johnson and the Sierra Leone Labor Crisis of 1939 written by LaRay Denzer and published by . This book was released on 1982 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Multicultural Writers Since 1945 by Alba della Fazia Amoia:
Download or read book Multicultural Writers Since 1945 written by Alba della Fazia Amoia and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2004 with total page 632 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The end of World War II led to increased interest in multicultural concerns and a flourishing of literary and artistic endeavors. It was also a time of decolonization and the emergence of new nations and cultures clamoring for recognition and respect. The political circumstances following World War II exposed many people to other cultures. This reference discusses the experiences of writers active since 1945 who were shaped by cultures other than their own. Included are alphabetically arranged entries for more than 100 writers, including Chinua Achebe, W.H. Auden, Mircea Eliade, Jamaica Kincaid, Salman Rushdie, and Elie Wiesel. The profiled authors either lived in another culture voluntarily or were wrenched from one culture into another. Each entry includes a brief biography, a discussion of multicultural themes in the writer's works, a review of criticism, and primary and secondary bibliographies. The volume closes with a selected, general bibliography. The reference demonstrates the value of multicultural experiences in the lives of writers around the world and fosters a greater appreciation of cultural diversity.
Download or read book Essential World Atlas written by DK and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2013-05-01 with total page 258 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Have the world at your fingertips with this quick reference world atlas From the barren desserts of the Sahara to the frosty Rocky Mountains, and with 97 full-colour maps using the latest digital mapping, Essential World Atlas 8th Edition brings you the Earth in more detail than ever before. The maps encompass the political and physical world, the global economy, time zones, population, languages, climate, region, and global conflict with information, photographs, and diagrams. Explore data profiles of each country with detailed facts, key statistics and time zones from across the globe, plus a full index with over 20,000 entries. All this, and a glossary of geographical terms to keep you fully in the know makes The Essential World Atlas 8th Edition the perfect reference for business, home or school.