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Download Environmental Politics in Latin America PDF

Environmental Politics in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317653783
Pages : 220 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (378 users download)

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Summary Book Review Environmental Politics in Latin America by Benedicte Bull:

Download or read book Environmental Politics in Latin America written by Benedicte Bull and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-11-13 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since colonial times the position of the social, political and economic elites in Latin America has been intimately connected to their control over natural resources. Consequently, struggles to protect the environment from over-exploitation and contamination have been related to marginalized groups’ struggles against local, national and transnational elites. The recent rise of progressive, left-leaning governments – often supported by groups struggling for environmental justice – has challenged the established elites and raised expectations about new regimes for natural resource management. Based on case-studies in eight Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, El Salvador and Guatemala), this book investigates the extent to which there have been elite shifts, how new governments have related to old elites, and how that has impacted on environmental governance and the management of natural resources. It examines the rise of new cadres of technocrats and the old economic and political elites’ struggle to remain influential. The book also discusses the challenges faced in trying to overcome structural inequalities to ensure a more sustainable and equitable governance of natural resources. This timely book will be of great interest to researchers and masters students in development studies, environmental management and governance, geography, political science and Latin American area studies.

Download Politics and Political Elites in Latin America PDF

Politics and Political Elites in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030515843
Pages : 353 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (584 users download)

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Summary Book Review Politics and Political Elites in Latin America by Manuel Alcántara:

Download or read book Politics and Political Elites in Latin America written by Manuel Alcántara and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-09-22 with total page 353 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents in-depth analyses of the data gathered for 26 years by the Political Elites of Latin America project (PELA), the most comprehensive database about the topic in the world. Since 1994, PELA has conducted around 9,000 personal interviews with representative samples of the Legislative Powers of 18 Latin American countries, generating a unique resource for the study of political elites in a comparative perspective. Now, this contributed volume brings together studies that dig into the data gathered by PELA to discuss important topics related to the challenges faced by representative democracy in Latin America. After an introductory chapter that presents the potential of the PELA database, the book is structured in two parts. The first addresses in eight chapters important aspects of representative democracy such as political ambition, political trust, satisfaction with democracy, clientelism and the quality of democracy. It then discusses three relevant issues in Latin American political dynamics such as executive-legislative relations, women's participation as representatives, and the meaning of China and the United States in national politics. The second part addresses in five chapters studies of seven national cases that are representative of regional heterogeneity. These chapters aim to examine parliamentarian elites’ attitudes in different political systems with regard to a variety of relevant issues such as institutional trust, satisfaction with democracy, Executive-Legislative relations, clientelism, and gender questions. Furthermore, these chapters intend to evince the evolution of such attitudes in the course of the last two decades. Politics and Political Elites in Latin America: Challenges and Trends will be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics in general and, more particularly, to those interested in the challenges faced by representative democracy not only in Latin America, but in many parts of the world.

Download Political Representation in Southern Europe and Latin America PDF

Political Representation in Southern Europe and Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1032235713
Pages : 280 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (223 users download)

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Summary Book Review Political Representation in Southern Europe and Latin America by Taylor & Francis Group:

Download or read book Political Representation in Southern Europe and Latin America written by Taylor & Francis Group and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2022-02 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collective volume - with contributions from experts on these regions - examines broader questions about the current crises (The Great Recession and The Commodity Crisis) and the associated changes in political representation in both regions. It provides a general overview of political representation studies in Southern Europe and Latin America and builds bridges between the two traditions of political representation studies, affording greater understanding of developments in each region and promote future research collaboration between Southern Europe and Latin America. Finally, the book addresses questions of continuity and change in patterns of political representation after the onset of the two economic crises, specifically examining issues such as changes in citizens' democratic support and trust in political representatives and institutions, in-descriptive representation (in the sociodemographic profile of MPs) and in-substantive representation (in the link between voters and MPs in terms of ideological congruence and/or policy/issue orientations). This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, political representation, European and Latin American politics/studies, and more broadly to comparative politics.

Download Dominant Elites in Latin America PDF

Dominant Elites in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319532554
Pages : 239 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (255 users download)

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Summary Book Review Dominant Elites in Latin America by Liisa L. North:

Download or read book Dominant Elites in Latin America written by Liisa L. North and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-18 with total page 239 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines the ways in which the socio-economic elites of the region have transformed and expanded the material bases of their power from the inception of neo-liberal policies in the 1970s through to the so-called progressive ‘pink tide’ governments of the past two decades. The six case study chapters—on Chile, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, El Salvador, and Guatemala—variously explore how state policies and even United Nations peace-keeping missions have enhanced elite control of land and agricultural exports, banks and insurance companies, wholesale and import commerce, industrial activities, and alliances with foreign capital. Chapters also pay attention to the ways in which violence has been deployed to maintain elite power, and how international forces feed into sustaining historic and contemporary configurations of power.

Download Malaise in Representation in Latin American Countries PDF

Malaise in Representation in Latin American Countries


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781137599551
Pages : 343 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (955 users download)

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Summary Book Review Malaise in Representation in Latin American Countries by Alfredo Joignant:

Download or read book Malaise in Representation in Latin American Countries written by Alfredo Joignant and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-12-23 with total page 343 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This edited volume examines malaise with democracy within three middle-income Latin American countries - Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. In particular, the book focuses on the gap within public opinion on democratic system within the context of crisis of representation and breakdowns of democracy. Based on a study using comparative and systematic survey data, the contributors of this volume provide a solid analysis on the state of democracy in three Latin American countries, whose lessons are useful for all types of democracy, in the north and the south.

Download The Right in Latin America PDF

The Right in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0415840708
Pages : 186 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (584 users download)

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Summary Book Review The Right in Latin America by Barry Cannon:

Download or read book The Right in Latin America written by Barry Cannon and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-05-13 with total page 186 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Most current analysis on Latin American politics has been directed at examining the shift to the left in the region. Very little attention, however, has been paid to the reactions of the right to this phenomenon. What kind of discursive, policy, and strategic responses have emerged among the right in Latin America as a result of this historic turn to the left? Have there been any shifts in attitudes to inequality and poverty as a result of the successes of the left in those areas? How has the right responded strategically to regain the political initiative from the left? And what implications might such responses have for democracy in the region? The Right in Latin Americaseeks to provide answers to these questions while helping to fill a gap in the literature on contemporary Latin American politics. Unlike previous studies, Barry Cannon's book does not simply concentrate on the party political responses to the contemporary challenges for the right in the region. Rather he uses a wider, more comprehensive theoretical framework, grounded in political sociology, in recognition of the deep social roots of the right among Latin America's elites, in a region known for its startling inequalities. Using Michael Mann's pioneering work on power, he shows how elite dominance in the key areas of the economy, ideology, the military, and in transnational relations, has had a profound influence on the political strategies of the Latin American right. He shows how left governments, especially the more radical ones, have threatened elite power in these areas, influencing right-wing strategic responses as a result. These responses, he persuasively argues, can vary from elections, through street protests and media campaigns, to military coups, depending on the level of perceived threat felt by elites from the left. In this way, Cannon uncovers the dialectical nature of the left/right relationship in contemporary Latin American politics, while simultaneously providing pointers as to how the left can respond to the challenge of the right's resurgence in the current context of left retrenchment. Cannon's multi-faceted inter-disciplinary approach, including original research among right-leaning actors in the region makes the book an essential reference not only for those interested in the contemporary Latin American right but for anyone interested in the region's politics at a critical juncture in its history.

Download Urban Latin America PDF

Urban Latin America


Author :
Publisher : University of Texas Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781477302859
Pages : 228 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (285 users download)

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Summary Book Review Urban Latin America by Alejandro Portes:

Download or read book Urban Latin America written by Alejandro Portes and published by University of Texas Press. This book was released on 2014-09-10 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Much research on the city in developing societies has focused mainly on one of three areas—planning, demography, or economics—and has emphasized either power elites or the masses, but not both. The published literature on Latin America has reflected these interests and has so far failed to provide a comprehensive view of Latin American urbanization. Urban Latin America is an attempt to integrate research on Latin American social organization within a single theoretical framework: development as fundamentally a political problem. Alejandro Portes and John Walton have included material on both elites and marginal populations and on the three major areas of research in order to formulate and address some of the key questions about the structure of urban politics in Latin America. Following an introduction that delineates the scope of Latin American urban studies, Portes discusses the Latin American city as a creation of European colonialism. He goes on to examine political behavior among the poor, with central reference to system support and countersystem potential. Walton provides material for a comparative study of four cities: Monterrey and Guadalajara in Mexico and Medellín and Cali in Colombia. He also summarizes a large number of urban elite studies and develops a theoretical interpretation of their collective results, based on class structure and vertical integration. Material in each chapter is cross-referenced to other chapters, and the authors have used a common methodological approach in synthesizing and interpreting the research literature. In the final chapter they generalize current findings, elaborating on the interface between elite and mass politics in the urban situation. They make some observations on approaching changes and pinpoint possible research strategies for the future.

Download Politics and Social Change in Latin America PDF

Politics and Social Change in Latin America


Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UTEXAS:059173027060314
Pages : 368 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Politics and Social Change in Latin America by Howard J. Wiarda:

Download or read book Politics and Social Change in Latin America written by Howard J. Wiarda and published by . This book was released on 1982 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: New edition of a pioneering exploration of Latin American politics and political culture.

Download Latin American Politics and Development PDF

Latin American Politics and Development


Author :
Publisher : Westview Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0813350506
Pages : 528 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (335 users download)

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Summary Book Review Latin American Politics and Development by Harvey F. Kline:

Download or read book Latin American Politics and Development written by Harvey F. Kline and published by Westview Press. This book was released on 2017-07-18 with total page 528 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For over thirty years, Latin American Politics and Development has kept instructors and students abreast of current affairs and changes in Latin America. Now in its ninth edition, this definitive text has been updated throughout and features contributions from experts in the field, including twenty new and revised chapters on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America. The fully updated foundational section includes new chapters on political economy and U.S.-Latin American relations and covers the changing context of Latin American politics, the pattern of historical development, political culture, interest groups and political parties, government machinery, the role of the state and public policy, and the struggle for democracy. In addition to detailed country-by-country chapters, Latin American Politics and Development provides a comprehensive regional overview.

Download Capital City Politics in Latin America PDF

Capital City Politics in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Lynne Rienner Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1588260402
Pages : 424 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (826 users download)

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Summary Book Review Capital City Politics in Latin America by David J. Myers:

Download or read book Capital City Politics in Latin America written by David J. Myers and published by Lynne Rienner Publishers. This book was released on 2002 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As Latin America's new democratic regimes have decentralized, the region's capital cities - and their elected mayors - have gained increasing importance. Capital City Politics in Latin America tells the story of these cities: how they are changing operationally, how the the empowerment of mayors and other municipal institutions is exacerbating political tensions between local executives and regional and national entities, and how the cities' growing significance affects traditional political patterns throughout society. The authors weave a tapestry that illustrates the impact of local, national, and transnational power relations on the strategies available to Latin America's capital city mayors as they seek to transform their greater influence into desired actions.

Download Protest State PDF

Protest State


Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780190694012
Pages : 240 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (41 users download)

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Summary Book Review Protest State by Mason W. Moseley:

Download or read book Protest State written by Mason W. Moseley and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-05-01 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why is social protest a normal, almost routine form of political participation in certain Latin American democracies, but not others? In light of surging protests in countries like Argentina, Brazil, and Peru, this book answers this question through a focus on recent trends in the quality of governance and socioeconomic development in the region. Specifically, it argues that increasingly engaged citizenries -- forged by economic growth and technological advances -- coupled with dysfunctional political institutions have fueled more radical modes of participation in Latin America, as citizens' demands for government responsiveness have overwhelmed many regimes' capacity to provide it. Where weak institutions and politically engaged citizenries collide, countries can morph into "protest states," where contentious participation becomes so common as to render it a conventional characteristic of everyday political life. Drawing on cross-national surveys from Latin America and a case study of Argentina, which includes a rich dataset of protest events and dozens of interviews with political elites and citizen activists, Mason W. Moseley tests his explanation against other leading theories in the contentious politics literature. But rather than emphasizing how worsening economic conditions and mounting grievances fuel protest, this book builds the case that it is actually the improvement of economic conditions amidst low quality political institutions that lies at the root of surging contention in the region. Protest State offers a comprehensive study of one of the most intriguing puzzles in Latin American politics today: in the midst of an unprecedented era of democratic governments and economic prosperity, why are so many people protesting?

Download Democracy in Colombia PDF

Democracy in Colombia


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1138509094
Pages : 350 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (85 users download)

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Summary Book Review Democracy in Colombia by Jorge P. Osterling:

Download or read book Democracy in Colombia written by Jorge P. Osterling and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-12-18 with total page 350 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In what is destined to prove the definitive text for the present generation on the political, economic, and social structure of Colombia, Jorge Pablo Osterling explores the enigmatic nature of this special, even critical, anchor to the northern tier of South America. In many ways, Colombia is a huge success story: it is one of the oldest, most stable, functioning democracies; the land is blessed with rich and diversified resources and products; and its foreign debt has been kept in check as a consequence of sound economic management.But despite its positive social, cultural, economic, and political indicators, Colombia has been a nation beset by serious problems: overt corruption and unemployment are very high; and its public service facilities to outlying rural areas remain weak, thus making schooling, water supplies, health care, and electrification hard to establish at high levels. Above all, Colombia has a reputation, well earned, as one of the most violent nations in the world. Drug trafficking, common crime, and guerrilla activity are all pandemic and conspire to destabilize the regime.In this straightforward, compelling account, Osterling shows how this paradox has evolved, and why it has persisted over the past fifty years. He draws attention to parallel political structures: a functioning set of civilian institutions that coexist alongside one of the most powerful closed, hierarchical political elites in Latin America. Osterling locates the central problem of the maintenance of interpersonal relations as being more important to the functioning of Colombian society than impersonal norms. This is a country in which political bosses vie with popular democracy for control of the country.

Download Species of Capital in the Political Elite PDF

Species of Capital in the Political Elite


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030411725
Pages : 288 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (172 users download)

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Summary Book Review Species of Capital in the Political Elite by Luis Garrido-Vergara:

Download or read book Species of Capital in the Political Elite written by Luis Garrido-Vergara and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-06-16 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Although sociological research has examined the reproduction of Chile’s elites, there is little empirical evidence as to how different forms of capital operate within them. Based on a survey of the country’s elites, this study examines the effect of different forms of capital (cultural, social and political) on access to strategic positions in the legislative and executive branches of government. It focuses on the political elite between 1990, when military dictator Augusto Pinochet handed over the presidency to Patricio Aylwin, his democratically elected successor, and 2010, the end of President Michelle Bachelet’s first government. At least three points are germane to this analysis: (1) understanding the nature of the party elites during the political transition; (2) describing and explaining the main aspects of the party elites’ background and social resources, including their family networks (independent variables); and (3) exploring the effect of those variables on individuals’ chances of achieving strategic positions in the political field, comparing the legislative and executive branches as represented by deputies and ministers (dependent variable).

Download The Politics of Institutional Weakness in Latin America PDF

The Politics of Institutional Weakness in Latin America


Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781108803175
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (317 users download)

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Summary Book Review The Politics of Institutional Weakness in Latin America by Daniel M. Brinks:

Download or read book The Politics of Institutional Weakness in Latin America written by Daniel M. Brinks and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-06-11 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Analysts and policymakers often decry the failure of institutions to accomplish their stated purpose. Bringing together leading scholars of Latin American politics, this volume helps us understand why. The volume offers a conceptual and theoretical framework for studying weak institutions. It introduces different dimensions of institutional weakness and explores the origins and consequences of that weakness. Drawing on recent research on constitutional and electoral reform, executive–legislative relations, property rights, environmental and labor regulation, indigenous rights, squatters and street vendors, and anti-domestic violence laws in Latin America, the volume's chapters show us that politicians often design institutions that they cannot or do not want to enforce or comply with. Challenging existing theories of institutional design, the volume helps us understand the logic that drives the creation of weak institutions, as well as the conditions under which they may be transformed into institutions that matter.

Download Party Brands in Crisis PDF

Party Brands in Crisis


Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781316495377
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (537 users download)

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Summary Book Review Party Brands in Crisis by Noam Lupu:

Download or read book Party Brands in Crisis written by Noam Lupu and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2016-01-15 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why have so many established political parties across Latin America collapsed in recent years? Party Brands in Crisis offers an explanation that highlights the effect of elite actions on voter behavior. During the 1980s and 1990s, political elites across the region implemented policies inconsistent with the traditional positions of their party, provoked internal party conflicts, and formed strange-bedfellow alliances with traditional rivals. These actions diluted party brands and eroded voter attachment. Without the assured support of a partisan base, parties became more susceptible to short-term retrospective voting, and voters without party attachments deserted incumbent parties when they performed poorly. Party Brands in Crisis offers the first general explanation of party breakdown in Latin America, reinforcing the interaction between elite behavior and mass attitudes.

Download Conditional Social Assistance and the Politics of Social Exclusion in Latin America PDF

Conditional Social Assistance and the Politics of Social Exclusion in Latin America


Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : OCLC:1105147416
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Conditional Social Assistance and the Politics of Social Exclusion in Latin America by Matthew Lloyd Layton:

Download or read book Conditional Social Assistance and the Politics of Social Exclusion in Latin America written by Matthew Lloyd Layton and published by . This book was released on 2015 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Latin American Politics and Society PDF

Latin American Politics and Society


Author :
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781108477314
Pages : 350 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (731 users download)

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Summary Book Review Latin American Politics and Society by Gerardo L. Munck:

Download or read book Latin American Politics and Society written by Gerardo L. Munck and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-05-31 with total page 350 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An engaging introduction to Latin America with a fresh, thematic approach to key political and social issues. This accessible undergraduate textbook examines the entirety of the region, addressing complex issues in a clear and direct manner. Grounded in cutting-edge research and data, concepts are illustrated through tables, maps, and timelines.