Summary Book Review Launching the War on Poverty by Michael L. Gillette:
Download or read book Launching the War on Poverty written by Michael L. Gillette and published by Macmillan Reference USA. This book was released on 1996 with total page 409 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Much political debate in the 1990s has revolved around the War on Poverty launched in the 1960s. Liberals argue that the war is over, and the poor lost; conservatives feel the war should never have been waged in the first place. Michael Gillette has interviewed many of the participants in the War on Poverty to form a portrait of the hectic days when the anti-poverty programs began, from the perspectives of the bureaucrats, political appointees, and activists who shaped the initiatives. Launching the War on Poverty details the origins and passage of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, as well as the resistance to the program and criticism from local political forces and social groups. Gillette effectively recreates the atmosphere of the turbulent days surrounding the implementation of this controversial social reform.-- Examination of the beginnings of the War on Poverty agencies when recent political debate has focused on dismantling them.-- Analyses of the different programs, from popular agencies like the Job Corps and Head Start, to programs like Community Action, which were the target of much criticism.-- A must-read during an election year.
Author :Maris A. Vinovskis Publisher :University of Chicago Press Release Date :2008-11-15 ISBN 10 :9780226856735 Pages :200 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.5/5 (673 users download)
Summary Book Review The Birth of Head Start by Maris A. Vinovskis:
Download or read book The Birth of Head Start written by Maris A. Vinovskis and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2008-11-15 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: One of the most popular and enduring legacies of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs, Project Head Start continues to support young children of low-income families-close to one million annually-by providing a range of developmental and educational services. Yet as Head Start reaches its fortieth anniversary, debates over the function and scope of this federal program persist. Although the program's importance is unquestioned across party lines, the direction of its future—whether toward a greater focus on school readiness and literacy or the continuation of a holistic approach-remains a point of contention. Policymakers proposing to reform Head Start often invoke its origins to justify their position, but until now no comprehensive political history of the program has existed. Maris A. Vinovskis here provides an in-depth look at the nation's largest and best known—yet politically challenged—early education program. The Birth of Head Start sets the record straight on the program's intended aims, documenting key decisions made during its formative years. While previous accounts of Head Start have neglected the contributions of important participants such as federal education officials and members of Congress, Vinovskis's history is the first to consider the relationship between politics and policymaking and how this interaction has shaped the program. This thorough and incisive book will be essential for policymakers and legislators interested in prekindergarten education and will inform future discussions on early intervention services for disadvantaged children.
Summary Book Review Reinventing Citizenship by Kazuyo Tsuchiya:
Download or read book Reinventing Citizenship written by Kazuyo Tsuchiya and published by U of Minnesota Press. This book was released on 2014-04-15 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the 1960s and 1970s, the United States and Japan went through massive welfare expansions that sparked debates about citizenship. At the heart of these disputes stood African Americans and Koreans. Reinventing Citizenship offers a comparative study of African American welfare activism in Los Angeles and Koreans’ campaigns for welfare rights in Kawasaki. In working-class and poor neighborhoods in both locations, African Americans and Koreans sought not only to be recognized as citizens but also to become legitimate constituting members of communities. Local activists in Los Angeles and Kawasaki ardently challenged the welfare institutions. By creating opposition movements and voicing alternative visions of citizenship, African American leaders, Tsuchiya argues, turned Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty into a battle for equality. Koreans countered the city’s and the nation’s exclusionary policies and asserted their welfare rights. Tsuchiya’s work exemplifies transnational antiracist networking, showing how black religious leaders traveled to Japan to meet Christian Korean activists and to provide counsel for their own struggles. Reinventing Citizenship reveals how race and citizenship transform as they cross countries and continents. By documenting the interconnected histories of African Americans and Koreans in Japan, Tsuchiya enables us to rethink present ideas of community and belonging.
Summary Book Review Critical Perspectives on Project Head Start by Jeanne Ellsworth:
Download or read book Critical Perspectives on Project Head Start written by Jeanne Ellsworth and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 1998-01-01 with total page 376 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Considers how Project Head Start, the federally funded preschool program, has operated (sometimes effectively and comfortably, sometimes not) with families, in communities, and with other institutions. An important look at the intersections of poverty, social programs, and education.
Summary Book Review A Chance for Change by Crystal R. Sanders:
Download or read book A Chance for Change written by Crystal R. Sanders and published by UNC Press Books. This book was released on 2016-02-10 with total page 267 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this innovative study, Crystal Sanders explores how working-class black women, in collaboration with the federal government, created the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) in 1965, a Head Start program that not only gave poor black children access to early childhood education but also provided black women with greater opportunities for political activism during a crucial time in the unfolding of the civil rights movement. Women who had previously worked as domestics and sharecroppers secured jobs through CDGM as teachers and support staff and earned higher wages. The availability of jobs independent of the local white power structure afforded these women the freedom to vote in elections and petition officials without fear of reprisal. But CDGM's success antagonized segregationists at both the local and state levels who eventually defunded it. Tracing the stories of the more than 2,500 women who staffed Mississippi's CDGM preschool centers, Sanders's book remembers women who went beyond teaching children their shapes and colors to challenge the state's closed political system and white supremacist ideology and offers a profound example for future community organizing in the South.
Summary Book Review The Social History of the American Family by Marilyn J. Coleman:
Download or read book The Social History of the American Family written by Marilyn J. Coleman and published by SAGE Publications. This book was released on 2014-09-02 with total page 2111 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The American family has come a long way from the days of the idealized family portrayed in iconic television shows of the 1950s and 1960s. The four volumes of The Social History of the American Family explore the vital role of the family as the fundamental social unit across the span of American history. Experiences of family life shape so much of an individual’s development and identity, yet the patterns of family structure, family life, and family transition vary across time, space, and socioeconomic contexts. Both the definition of who or what counts as family and representations of the “ideal” family have changed over time to reflect changing mores, changing living standards and lifestyles, and increased levels of social heterogeneity. Available in both digital and print formats, this carefully balanced academic work chronicles the social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of American families from the colonial period to the present. Key themes include families and culture (including mass media), families and religion, families and the economy, families and social issues, families and social stratification and conflict, family structures (including marriage and divorce, gender roles, parenting and children, and mixed and non-modal family forms), and family law and policy. Features: Approximately 600 articles, richly illustrated with historical photographs and color photos in the digital edition, provide historical context for students. A collection of primary source documents demonstrate themes across time. The signed articles, with cross references and Further Readings, are accompanied by a Reader’s Guide, Chronology of American Families, Resource Guide, Glossary, and thorough index. The Social History of the American Family is an ideal reference for students and researchers who want to explore political and social debates about the importance of the family and its evolving constructions.
Summary Book Review Building the Great Society by Joshua Zeitz:
Download or read book Building the Great Society written by Joshua Zeitz and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2018-01-30 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The author of Lincoln's Boys takes us inside Lyndon Johnson's White House to show how the legendary Great Society programs were actually put into practice: Team of Rivals for LBJ. The personalities behind every burst of 1960s liberal reform - from civil rights and immigration reform, to Medicare and Head Start. "Absorbing, and astoundingly well-researched -- all good historians do their homework, but Zeitz goes above and beyond. It's a more than worthwhile addition to the canon of books about Johnson."--NPR "Beautifully written...a riveting portrait of LBJ... Every officeholder in Washington would profit from reading this book." --Robert Dallek, Author of An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963 and Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Political Life LBJ's towering political skills and his ambitious slate of liberal legislation are the stuff of legend: the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Medicare, Medicaid, Head Start, and environmental reform. But what happened after the bills passed? One man could not and did not go it alone. Joshua Zeitz reanimates the creative and contentious atmosphere inside Johnson's White House as a talented and energetic group of advisers made LBJ's vision a reality. They desegregated public and private institutions throughout one third of the United States; built Medicare and Medicaid from the ground up in one year; launched federal funding for public education; provided food support for millions of poor children and adults; and launched public television and radio, all in the space of five years, even as Vietnam strained the administration's credibility and budget. Bill Moyers, Jack Valenti, Joe Califano, Harry McPherson and the other staff members who comprised LBJ's inner circle were men as pragmatic and ambitious as Johnson, equally skilled in the art of accumulating power or throwing a sharp elbow. Building the Great Society is the story of how one of the most competent White House staffs in American history - serving one of the most complicated presidents ever to occupy the Oval Office - fundamentally changed everyday life for millions of citizens and forged a legacy of compassionate and interventionist government.
Summary Book Review Cultural Economics and Theory by David Boyce Hamilton:
Download or read book Cultural Economics and Theory written by David Boyce Hamilton and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2010 with total page 269 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: David Hamilton has advanced heterodox economics by replacing intellectual concepts from orthodox economics that hinder us with concepts that help us. This book brings together the essential works of David Hamilton over a fifty year period.
Summary Book Review To Live Here, You Have to Fight by Jessica Wilkerson:
Download or read book To Live Here, You Have to Fight written by Jessica Wilkerson and published by University of Illinois Press. This book was released on 2018-12-30 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Launched in 1964, the War on Poverty quickly took aim at the coalfields of southern Appalachia. There, the federal government found unexpected allies among working-class white women devoted to a local tradition of citizen caregiving and seasoned by decades of activism and community service. Jessica Wilkerson tells their stories within the larger drama of efforts to enact change in the 1960s and 1970s. She shows white Appalachian women acting as leaders and soldiers in a grassroots war on poverty--shaping and sustaining programs, engaging in ideological debates, offering fresh visions of democratic participation, and facing personal political struggles. Their insistence that caregiving was valuable labor clashed with entrenched attitudes and rising criticisms of welfare. Their persistence, meanwhile, brought them into unlikely coalitions with black women, disabled miners, and others to fight for causes that ranged from poor people's rights to community health to unionization. Inspiring yet sobering, To Live Here, You Have to Fight reveals Appalachian women as the indomitable caregivers of a region--and overlooked actors in the movements that defined their time.
Summary Book Review The Undeserving Poor by Michael B. Katz:
Download or read book The Undeserving Poor written by Michael B. Katz and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2013-12 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: First published in 1989, The Undeserving Poor was a critically acclaimed and enormously influential account of America's enduring debate about poverty. Taking stock of the last quarter century, Michael B. Katz's new edition of this classic is virtually a new book. As the first did, it will force all concerned Americans to reconsider the foundations of our policies toward the poor, especially in the wake of the Great Recession that began in 2008. Katz highlights how throughout American history, the poor have been regarded as undeserving: people who do not deserve sympathy because they brought their poverty on themselves, either through laziness and immorality, or because they are culturally or mentally deficient. This long-dominant view sees poverty as a personal failure, serving to justify America's mean-spirited treatment of the poor. Katz reminds us, however, that there are other explanations of poverty besides personal failure. Poverty has been written about as a problem of place, of resources, of political economy, of power, and of market failure. Katz looks at each idea in turn, showing how they suggest more effective approaches to our struggle against poverty. The Second Edition includes important new material. It now sheds light on the revival of the idea of culture in poverty research; the rehabilitation of Daniel Patrick Moynihan; the resurgent role of biology in discussions of the causes of poverty, such as in The Bell Curve; and the human rights movement's intensified focus on alleviating world poverty. It emphasizes the successes of the War on Poverty and Great Society, especially at the grassroots level. It is also the first book to chart the rise and fall of the "underclass" as a concept driving public policy. A major revision of a landmark study, The Undeserving Poor helps readers to see poverty-and our efforts to combat it—in a new light.
Author :United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means Publisher : Release Date :1995 ISBN 10 :UCR:31210014057994 Pages :763 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review Contract with America by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means:
Download or read book Contract with America written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means and published by . This book was released on 1995 with total page 763 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Author :Minion K. C. Morrison Publisher :University of Arkansas Press Release Date :2015-06-05 ISBN 10 :9781557287595 Pages :390 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.8/5 (759 users download)
Summary Book Review Aaron Henry of Mississippi by Minion K. C. Morrison:
Download or read book Aaron Henry of Mississippi written by Minion K. C. Morrison and published by University of Arkansas Press. This book was released on 2015-06-05 with total page 390 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Winner of the 2016 Lillian Smith Book Award When Aaron Henry returned home to Mississippi from World War II service in 1946, he was part of wave of black servicemen who challenged the racial status quo. He became a pharmacist through the GI Bill, and as a prominent citizen, he organized a hometown chapter of the NAACP and relatively quickly became leader of the state chapter. From that launching pad he joined and helped lead an ensemble of activists who fundamentally challenged the system of segregation and the almost total exclusion of African Americans from the political structure. These efforts were most clearly evident in his leadership of the integrated Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party delegation, which, after an unsuccessful effort to unseat the lily-white Democratic delegation at the Democratic National Convention in 1964, won recognition from the national party in 1968. The man who the New York Times described as being “at the forefront of every significant boycott, sit-in, protest march, rally, voter registration drive and court case” eventually became a rare example of a social-movement leader who successfully moved into political office. Aaron Henry of Mississippi covers the life of this remarkable leader, from his humble beginnings in a sharecropping family to his election to the Mississippi house of representatives in 1979, all the while maintaining the social-change ideology that prompted him to improve his native state, and thereby the nation.
Summary Book Review Politics and Jobs by Margaret Weir:
Download or read book Politics and Jobs written by Margaret Weir and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2021-03-09 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Americans claim a strong attachment to the work ethic and regularly profess support for government policies to promote employment. Why, then, have employment policies gained only a tenuous foothold in the United States? To answer this question, Margaret Weir highlights two related elements: the power of ideas in policymaking and the politics of interest formation.
Download or read book Poor No More written by Peter Cove and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-12 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the 1960s, America set out to end poverty. Policy-makers put forth an unprecedented package of legislation, funding poverty programs and empowering the poor through ineffectual employment-related education and training. However, these handouts produced little change, and efforts to provide education and job-training proved inconsequential, boasting only a 2.8 percent decrease in the poverty rate since 1965. Decades after the War on Poverty began, many of its programs failed. Only one thing really worked to help end poverty-and that was work itself, the centerpiece of welfare reform in 1996. Poor No More is a plan to restructure poverty programs, prioritizing jobs above all else. Traditionally, job placement programs stemmed from non-profit organizations or government agencies. However, America Works, the first for-profit job placement venture founded by Peter Cove, has the highest employee retention rate in the greater New York City area, even above these traditional agencies. When the federal government embraced the work-first ideal, inspired by the success of America Works, welfare rolls plummeted from 12.6 million to 4.7 million nationally within one decade. Poor No More is a paradigm-shifting work that guides the reader through the evolution of America's War on Poverty and urges policy-makers to eliminate training and education programs that waste time and money and to adopt a work-first model, while providing job-seekers with the tools and life lessons essential to finding and maintaining employment.
Summary Book Review The Fierce Urgency of Now by Julian E. Zelizer:
Download or read book The Fierce Urgency of Now written by Julian E. Zelizer and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2015-01-08 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A majestic big-picture account of the Great Society and the forces that shaped it, from Lyndon Johnson and members of Congress to the civil rights movement and the media Between November 1963, when he became president, and November 1966, when his party was routed in the midterm elections, Lyndon Johnson spearheaded the most transformative agenda in American political history since the New Deal, one whose ambition and achievement have had no parallel since. In just three years, Johnson drove the passage of the Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts; the War on Poverty program; Medicare and Medicaid; the National Endowments for the Arts and the Humanities; Public Broadcasting; immigration liberalization; a raft of consumer and environmental protection acts; and major federal investments in public transportation. Collectively, this group of achievements was labeled by Johnson and his team the “Great Society.” In The Fierce Urgency of Now, Julian E. Zelizer takes the full measure of the entire story in all its epic sweep. Before Johnson, Kennedy tried and failed to achieve many of these advances. Our practiced understanding is that this was an unprecedented “liberal hour” in America, a moment, after Kennedy’s death, when the seas parted and Johnson could simply stroll through to victory. As Zelizer shows, this view is off-base: In many respects America was even more conservative than it seems now, and Johnson’s legislative program faced bitter resistance. The Fierce Urgency of Now animates the full spectrum of forces at play during these turbulent years, including religious groups, the media, conservative and liberal political action groups, unions, and civil rights activists. Above all, the great character in the book whose role rivals Johnson’s is Congress—indeed, Zelizer argues that our understanding of the Great Society program is too Johnson-centric. He discusses why Congress was so receptive to passing these ideas in a remarkably short span of time and how the election of 1964 and burgeoning civil rights movement transformed conditions on Capitol Hill. Zelizer brings a deep, intimate knowledge of the institution to bear on his story: The book is a master class in American political grand strategy. Finally, Zelizer reckons with the legacy of the Great Society. Though our politics have changed, the heart of the Great Society legislation remains intact fifty years later. In fact, he argues, the Great Society shifted the American political center of gravity—and our social landscape—decisively to the left in many crucial respects. In a very real sense, we are living today in the country that Johnson and his Congress made.
Author :United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor Publisher : Release Date :1967 ISBN 10 :PSU:000051312725 Pages :4139 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review Economic Opportunity Act Amendments of 1967 by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor:
Download or read book Economic Opportunity Act Amendments of 1967 written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor and published by . This book was released on 1967 with total page 4139 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: