Summary Book Review Latin America 2015-2016 by Blair Turner:
Download or read book Latin America 2015-2016 written by Blair Turner and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2015-08-20 with total page 462 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A comprehensive, timely, and entertaining account of the political, cultural, and economic dynamics of more than thirty discrete countries of the Western Hemisphere, this book is updated each year, providing students with the most recent information possible. The information is presented in an objective, balanced, non-ideological context, allowing the readers to formulate their own opinions. In addition to examining individual countries, the book views Latin America as a mosaic region as a whole and emphasizes its growing influence on the world stage. Besides providing accurate and timely information on the historical and political forces that have shaped each nation, it also examines the leading cultural figures and forces, from eighteenth-century writers to twentieth-century composers and singing stars to twenty-first-century filmmakers and actors. Finally, it describes the social and economic challenges that continue to afflict this exciting and emerging region.
Author :United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Publisher :United Nations Release Date :2017-09-21 ISBN 10 :9789210585767 Pages :132 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.8/5 (576 users download)
Summary Book Review Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2016 by United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean:
Download or read book Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2016 written by United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and published by United Nations. This book was released on 2017-09-21 with total page 132 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean presents a set of basic statistics that characterize the economic, sociodemographic and environmental situation of the region in relation to a particular period. This information is part of the set of statistics available at CEPALSTAT, the database portal and statistical publications of ECLAC.
Author :Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publisher :Food & Agriculture Org. Release Date :2018-04-18 ISBN 10 :9789251300565 Pages :116 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.0/5 (56 users download)
Summary Book Review 2017 Panorama of Food and Nutrition Security in Latin America and the Caribbean by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:
Download or read book 2017 Panorama of Food and Nutrition Security in Latin America and the Caribbean written by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and published by Food & Agriculture Org.. This book was released on 2018-04-18 with total page 116 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Undernourishment in Latin America and the Caribbean increased in the last measurement period. After a plateau of several years, in 2016 approximately 42.5 million people do not have enough food to meet their required daily calorie intake, accounting for an increase of 2.4 million people versus the previous year. If necessary actions are not taken to overcome both hunger and malnutrition, Latin America and the Caribbean will not attain the goal of ending hunger and malnutrition by 2030, set in the Sustainable Development Goals. Despite the decline in child undernutrition, overweight and obesity continue posing important health issues for Latin America and the Caribbean. The prevalence of obesity in adults is on the rise and overweight in children under 5 years of age affects 7% the population, ranking above the 6% of overweight children registered worldwide. Although Latin America and the Caribbean produce enough food to meet the needs of their population, this does not ensure healthy and nutritious diets. There is a need for creating sustainable and nutrition-sensitive food systems to provide varied and safe foods, with good nutritional quality that help put an end to hunger and all forms of malnutrition. Both the economic slowdown in Latin America and the Caribbean and the slower pace of poverty and extreme poverty reduction dynamics over the last few years have hindered the eradication of hunger and malnutrition. Furthermore, persisting income inequality puts pressure on access to food, with the ensuing impact on food and nutrition security. Marked differences in access to basic services are observed in Latin America and the Caribbean, both among and within countries. Rural areas and low-income population groups have far less access to drinking water and sanitation in the region. Weather-related disasters have caused considerable economic damages and severe consequences for food and nutrition security. This scenario has imposed a sense of urgency on the actions required for the mitigation and adaptation actions required.
Author :Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Publisher :United Nations Release Date :2020-08-27 ISBN 10 :9789210047401 Pages :158 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.4/5 (74 users download)
Summary Book Review Fiscal Panorama of Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 by Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean:
Download or read book Fiscal Panorama of Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 written by Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and published by United Nations. This book was released on 2020-08-27 with total page 158 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has generated a health, human and economic crisis without precedent in the past century. The region has responded rapidly, adopting packages of fiscal measures of diverse magnitude and scope. In this context, fiscal policy must play a key role in mitigating the human and economic impact in the short term, while also continuing to provide the impulse for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth in a post-COVID-19 world. As well as analysing the fiscal policy challenges of the current crisis, the Fiscal Panorama of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2020 provides a broad overview of the problems of tax evasion in the region. It looks at the challenges of measuring tax evasion and the measures the countries are taking to tackle it. It also compares the functional allocation of public expenditure in the countries of the region, as a factor that has implications for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Summary Book Review Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America by Ligia Malagón de Salazar:
Download or read book Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America written by Ligia Malagón de Salazar and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-04-16 with total page 306 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book critically analyses the influence of international policies and guidelines on the performance of interventions aimed at reducing health inequities in Latin America, with special emphasis on health promotion and health in all policies strategies. While the implementation of these interventions plays a key role in strengthening these countries’ capacity to respond to current and future challenges, the urgency and pressures of cooperation and funding agencies to show results consistent with their own agendas not only hampers this goal, but also makes the territory invisible, hiding the real problems faced by most Latin American countries, diminishing the richness of local knowledge production, and hindering the development of relevant proposals that consider the territory’s conditions and cultural identity. Departing from this general analysis, the authors search for answers to the following questions: Why, despite the importance of the theoretical advances r egarding actions to address social and health inequities, haven’t Latin American countries been able to produce the expected results? Why do successful initiatives only take place within the framework of pilot projects? Why does the ideology of health promotion and health in all policies mainly permeate structures of the health sector, but not other sectors? Why are intersectoral actions conjunctural initiatives, which often fail to evolve into permanent practices? Based on an extensive literature review, case studies, personal experiences, and interviews with key informants in the region, Globalization and Health Inequities in Latin America presents a strategy that uses monitoring and evaluation practices for enhancing the capacity of Latin American and other low and middle-income countries to implement sustainable processes to foster inclusiveness, equity, social justice and human rights. p/pp
Summary Book Review Latin American Economic Outlook 2020 Digital Transformation for Building Back Better by OECD:
Download or read book Latin American Economic Outlook 2020 Digital Transformation for Building Back Better written by OECD and published by OECD Publishing. This book was released on 2020-09-24 with total page 308 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Latin American Economic Outlook (LEO) 2020 focuses on the role of digital transformation in helping to navigate through challenging times. The Covid-19 pandemic is having a profound impact on socio-economic conditions, accentuating the already complex scenario faced by a region with significant structural weaknesses. This unprecedented crisis comes at a time of high aspirations and reinforces the need to transform the very foundations of the development model in the region.
Summary Book Review Multilateral Approach In China's Foreign Policy by Cheng Joseph Yu-shek:
Download or read book Multilateral Approach In China's Foreign Policy written by Cheng Joseph Yu-shek and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2017-12-21 with total page 704 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since the mid-1990s, the Chinese authorities have gradually come to embrace multilateralism to realize their basic foreign policy objectives in maintaining a peaceful international environment and enhancing China's international status and influence. This embrace is largely based on pragmatic considerations. There is no denial, however, that elements of liberalism and constructivism gradually enter into the considerations of Chinese leaders. They accept, for example, that non-traditional security issues can only be tackled through genuine multilateralism. This volume carefully examines China's increased participation in multilateral organizations and mechanisms and its efforts to initiate and develop its own discourses on global affairs straddling Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Latin American continents. China's presence in international multilateral organizations has been providing developing countries a better chance to maintain a balance of power. Since China has no ambitious plan to transform the existing international order, its increasing enthusiastic engagement of multilateralism is likely to be accepted by the international community. Contents: PrefaceAbout the AuthorList of TablesAcronyms and AbbreviationsMultilateralism — Theoretical Issues and China's Approach in Foreign PolicyChina in Asia: China's Asian Policy in the Early Twenty-First Century: Adjusting to its Increasing StrengthChina's Regional Strategy and Challenges in East AsiaChina's ASEAN Policy in the 1990s: Pushing for Regional Multi-polarityThe Path of Least Resistance: China's Way of Engagement in Southeast AsiaThe ASEAN-China Free Trade Area — Success or Failure? A Preliminary Evaluation Based on Econometric EvidenceChina-ASEAN Economic Co-Operation and the Role of ProvincesChina and the World: The Shanghai Co-Operation Organisation: China's Initiative in Regional Institutional BuildingChina's Approach to Shanghai Co-operation Organisation: Institutional Building, Economic Co-operation and the Challenge from AfghanistanChina's Relations with the Gulf Co-operation Council States: Multi-level Diplomacy in a Divided Arab WorldChina's Approach to BRICSLatin America in China's Contemporary Foreign PolicyChina's African Policy in the Post-Cold War EraBibliographyIndex Readership: Policymakers, academics, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students interested in China's foreign policy. Keywords: Multilateralism;China;Foreign Policy;International RelationsReview: Key Features: It is a valuable reference book for undergraduate students, postgraduate students and scholars in the fields of China's foreign policy and international relations in the Asia-PacificIt is a most up-to-date account of China's approaches to its most significant multilateral regional organizations and forumsIn view of China's importance in international politics and economy, it is important to understand its policy
Author :Economic Commission Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Publisher : Release Date :2022 ISBN 10 :9789210055697 Pages :209 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.5/5 (569 users download)
Summary Book Review International Trade Outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2021 by Economic Commission Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean:
Download or read book International Trade Outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean 2021 written by Economic Commission Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and published by . This book was released on 2022 with total page 209 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Author :United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Publisher :United Nations Release Date :2016-11-15 ISBN 10 :9789213580370 Pages :230 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.8/5 (37 users download)
Summary Book Review Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2016 by United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean:
Download or read book Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2016 written by United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and published by United Nations. This book was released on 2016-11-15 with total page 230 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Published since 1948, This is the sixty-eighth edition of the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, which corresponds to the year 2016, consists of three parts. Part I outlines the region’s economic performance in 2015 and analyses trends in the first half of 2016, as well as the outlook for the rest of the year. It examines the external and internal factors influencing the region’s economic performance and highlights some of the macroeconomic policy challenges that have arisen in an external context of weak growth and high levels of uncertainty. Part II analyses the challenges that the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean face at the domestic and international levels in mobilizing financing for development. On the domestic front, slower growth and tighter fiscal restrictions pose significant challenges for the mobilization of resources. Externally, the classification of many of the region’s countries in the middle-income category limits their access to concessional external financing or international support. Part III of this publication contains the notes relating to the economic performance of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in 2015 and the first half of 2016, together with their respective statistical annexes. The cut-off date for updating the statistical information in this publication was 30 June 2016.
Summary Book Review Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2019 by United Nations:
Download or read book Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2019 written by United Nations and published by United Nations. This book was released on 2019-10-02 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This publication outlines the region’s economic performance in 2018 and analyses trends in the early months of 2019, as well as the outlook for the rest of the year. It examines the external and domestic factors that have influenced the region’s economic performance, analyses the characteristics of growth, prices and the labour market, and draws attention to some of the macroeconomic policy challenges of the prevailing external conditions, amid mounting uncertainty stemming mainly from political factors. It analyses the dynamics of investment and its determinants, with a view to identifying the different variables on which public policy can act to influence the trajectory of investment.
Summary Book Review Reconfiguration of the Global South by Eckart Woertz:
Download or read book Reconfiguration of the Global South written by Eckart Woertz and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-10-04 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since the 1980s there has been a steady shift from West to East in the international system, economically, politically and culturally. Emerging markets in Asia have moved up the value chain of industrial production processes, while the share of Western industrialized countries in global gross domestic product has declined. Countries such as China and India are asserting themselves in security matters and seeking new avenues for investment flows and development co-operation. China’s expected shift from export-led growth to domestic consumption might further change patterns of trade and capital flows, and it is an open debate whether the growth dynamics of India might outstrip those of China. While the rise of China and other Asian powers has been studied extensively, much less work has been done on how Africa and Latin America position themselves in this process. What will the role be of Africa and Latin America in the ‘Asian Century’ and associated reconfigurations of global value chains? Will these regions be able to assert themselves and find a voice of their own? Will they manage to develop industries of their own and diversify trade relations? Will they launch new ways of regional south-south co-operation? What is the role of migrant communities and cultural exchange? Do Western and Asian approaches to these regions differ (Washington vs. Beijing consensus)? This book brings together renowned academics from Africa, Latin America, Europe and the USA, who bring refreshing perspectives on an under-researched topic, ranging from a conceptualization of the issue within new theoretical approaches, to unique case studies based on field work.
Summary Book Review Politics and Political Elites in Latin America by Manuel Alcántara:
Download or read book Politics and Political Elites in Latin America written by Manuel Alcántara and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-09-22 with total page 353 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents in-depth analyses of the data gathered for 26 years by the Political Elites of Latin America project (PELA), the most comprehensive database about the topic in the world. Since 1994, PELA has conducted around 9,000 personal interviews with representative samples of the Legislative Powers of 18 Latin American countries, generating a unique resource for the study of political elites in a comparative perspective. Now, this contributed volume brings together studies that dig into the data gathered by PELA to discuss important topics related to the challenges faced by representative democracy in Latin America. After an introductory chapter that presents the potential of the PELA database, the book is structured in two parts. The first addresses in eight chapters important aspects of representative democracy such as political ambition, political trust, satisfaction with democracy, clientelism and the quality of democracy. It then discusses three relevant issues in Latin American political dynamics such as executive-legislative relations, women's participation as representatives, and the meaning of China and the United States in national politics. The second part addresses in five chapters studies of seven national cases that are representative of regional heterogeneity. These chapters aim to examine parliamentarian elites’ attitudes in different political systems with regard to a variety of relevant issues such as institutional trust, satisfaction with democracy, Executive-Legislative relations, clientelism, and gender questions. Furthermore, these chapters intend to evince the evolution of such attitudes in the course of the last two decades. Politics and Political Elites in Latin America: Challenges and Trends will be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics in general and, more particularly, to those interested in the challenges faced by representative democracy not only in Latin America, but in many parts of the world.
Summary Book Review External Powers in Latin America by Gian Luca Gardini:
Download or read book External Powers in Latin America written by Gian Luca Gardini and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-04-21 with total page 310 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the role of external powers in Latin America in the 21st century. Non-traditional partners have significantly increased their political and economic engagement with the continent. Five key questions arise: why has this surge taken place; when has it happened; in which regions and sectors is it mostly felt; what is the Latin American perspective; and what are the actual results? The book analyses 16 case studies: the United States, the European Union, China, Russia, Japan, Canada, India, Turkey, Iran, Israel, South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, the ASEAN countries, South Africa and Australia. The spectrum of existing explanations in the literature spans from neo-extractivism to South-South cooperation. This volume places them in context and proposes a more multifaceted approach, stressing a combination of systemic factors and internal dynamics both in Latin America and in the external partner countries. Geopolitics still matters and so do nation states, their interests and leaders. Ultimately, this surge in engagement has largely reproduced past patterns. Are new partners that different from the old ones?
Summary Book Review Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America by Mr.Marcos d Chamon:
Download or read book Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America written by Mr.Marcos d Chamon and published by International Monetary Fund. This book was released on 2019-02-28 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Foreign exchange intervention is widely used as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets, but many facets of this tool remain limited, especially in the context of flexible exchange rate regimes. The Latin American experience can be informative because some of its largest countries adopted floating exchange rate regimes and inflation targeting while continuing to intervene in foreign exchange markets. This edited volume reviews detailed accounts from several Latin American countries’ central banks, and it provides insight into how and with what aim many interventions were decided and implemented. This book documents the effectiveness of intervention and pays special attention to the role of foreign exchange intervention policy within inflation-targeting monetary frameworks. The main lesson from Latin America’s foreign exchange interventions, in the context of inflation targeting, is that the region has had a considerable degree of success. Transparency and a clear communication policy have been key. For economies that are not highly dollarized, rules-based intervention helped contain financial instability and build international reserves while preserving inflation targets. The Latin American experience can help other countries in the design and implementation of their policies.
Author :Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army Publisher :World Scientific Release Date :2016-09-23 ISBN 10 :9789813144958 Pages :372 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.4/5 (495 users download)
Summary Book Review International Strategic Relations and China's National Security by Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army:
Download or read book International Strategic Relations and China's National Security written by Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2016-09-23 with total page 372 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The world was standing at the crossroads in 2015 as globalization propelled human beings into an increasingly integrated community of common destiny. In the meantime, the world witnessed the strategic competition among major powers. This annual publication offers views, opinions and predictions on global political and security issues, and China's strategic choices by Chinese scholars. It covers almost all the significant issues that took place in the international security arena in 2015. Besides the relations among major powers, it studies the international community's fight against Islamic State (IS), the strategic situation in the Korean Peninsula, political situation in Myanmar, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear issue, free navigation in the South China Sea, China's Belt and Road Initiative and its grand diplomacy. This book argues that the strategic competition among major powers is heightening, and smaller countries as well as extremist forces like the IS are seeking strategic space by taking advantage of the conflicts among major powers. The book concludes that to address this major historic challenge in international politics, it is essential that some major powers drop the hostile stance towards each other and enhance partnership to foster international cooperation.
Summary Book Review Forest Products Annual Market Review 2015-2016 by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe:
Download or read book Forest Products Annual Market Review 2015-2016 written by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and published by United Nations. This book was released on 2016-11-01 with total page 160 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Forest Products Annual Market Review 2015-2016 provides a comprehensive analysis of markets in the UNECE region and reports on the main market influences outside the UNECE region. It covers the range of products from the forest to the end-user: from roundwood and primary processed products to value-added and housing. Statistics-based chapters analyse the markets for wood raw materials, sawn softwood, sawn hardwood, wood-based panels, paper, paperboard and woodpulp. Other chapters analyse policies, pallets and wood packaging, and markets for wood energy. Underlying the analysis is a comprehensive collection of data. The Review highlights the role of sustainable forest products in international markets. Policies concerning forests and forest products are discussed, as well as the main drivers and trends. The Review also analyses the effects of the current economic situation on forest products markets.
Summary Book Review Global Monitoring Report 2015/2016 by World Bank;International Monetary Fund:
Download or read book Global Monitoring Report 2015/2016 written by World Bank;International Monetary Fund and published by World Bank Publications. This book was released on 2015-11-02 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Global Monitoring Report 2015/2016, produced by the World Bank Group in partnership with the International Monetary Fund, comes at an inflection point in both the setting of global development goals and the demographic trends affecting those goals. This year marks the end of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the launching of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), while the World Bank Group has in parallel articulated the twin goals of sustainably ending extreme poverty and sharing prosperity. This report presents the latest global poverty numbers, based on the 2011 purchasing power parity (PPP) data, and examines the pace of development progress through the lens of the evolving global development goals. The special theme of this year's report examines the complex interaction between demographic change and development. With the number of children approaching a global ceiling of two billion, the world's population is growing slower. It is also aging faster, with the share of people of working age starting a decline in 2013. But the direction and pace of these trends vary starkly across countries, with sizeable demographic disparities between centers of global poverty (marked by high fertility) and drivers of global growth (marked by rapid aging). These demographic disparities are expected to deeply affect the pursuit of the post-2015 agenda, accentuating existing challenges and creating new opportunities.