Summary Book Review In the Name of Eugenics by Daniel J. Kevles:
Download or read book In the Name of Eugenics written by Daniel J. Kevles and published by Knopf. This book was released on 2013-05-08 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Daniel Kevles traces the study and practice of eugenics--the science of "improving" the human species by exploiting theories of heredity--from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation within the field of genetic engineering. It is rich in narrative, anecdote, attention to human detail, and stories of competition among scientists who have dominated the field.
Summary Book Review In the Name of Eugenics by Daniel J. Kevles:
Download or read book In the Name of Eugenics written by Daniel J. Kevles and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1995 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A rich narrative about the science of "improving" the human race, from the 19th century to genetic engineering today.
Summary Book Review Hitler's Black Victims by Clarence Lusane:
Download or read book Hitler's Black Victims written by Clarence Lusane and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2004-11-23 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Drawing on interviews with the black survivors of Nazi concentration camps and archival research in North America, Europe, and Africa, this book documents and analyzes the meaning of Nazism's racial policies towards people of African descent, specifically those born in Germany, England, France, the United States, and Africa, and the impact of that legacy on contemporary race relations in Germany, and more generally, in Europe. The book also specifically addresses the concerns of those surviving Afro-Germans who were victims of Nazism, but have not generally been included in or benefited from the compensation agreements that have been developed in recent years.
Summary Book Review The Baltimore Case by Daniel J. Kevles:
Download or read book The Baltimore Case written by Daniel J. Kevles and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2000 with total page 516 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An analysis of the case of David Baltimore, a medical scientist whose academic leadership became the target of a political inquiry that derailed his promising career
Summary Book Review The Hour of Eugenics" by Nancy Leys Stepan:
Download or read book The Hour of Eugenics" written by Nancy Leys Stepan and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 1996-11-14 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany.
Author :Michael D. Gordin Publisher :University of Chicago Press Release Date :2012-09-17 ISBN 10 :9780226304434 Pages :312 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.0/5 (443 users download)
Summary Book Review The Pseudoscience Wars by Michael D. Gordin:
Download or read book The Pseudoscience Wars written by Michael D. Gordin and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2012-09-17 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Properly analyzed, the collective mythological and religious writings of humanity reveal that around 1500 BC, a comet swept perilously close to Earth, triggering widespread natural disasters and threatening the destruction of all life before settling into solar orbit as Venus, our nearest planetary neighbor. Sound implausible? Well, from 1950 until the late 1970s, a huge number of people begged to differ, as they devoured Immanuel Velikovsky’s major best-seller, Worlds in Collision, insisting that perhaps this polymathic thinker held the key to a new science and a new history. Scientists, on the other hand, assaulted Velikovsky’s book, his followers, and his press mercilessly from the get-go. In The Pseudoscience Wars, Michael D. Gordin resurrects the largely forgotten figure of Velikovsky and uses his strange career and surprisingly influential writings to explore the changing definitions of the line that separates legitimate scientific inquiry from what is deemed bunk, and to show how vital this question remains to us today. Drawing on a wealth of previously unpublished material from Velikovsky’s personal archives, Gordin presents a behind-the-scenes history of the writer’s career, from his initial burst of success through his growing influence on the counterculture, heated public battles with such luminaries as Carl Sagan, and eventual eclipse. Along the way, he offers fascinating glimpses into the histories and effects of other fringe doctrines, including creationism, Lysenkoism, parapsychology, and more—all of which have surprising connections to Velikovsky’s theories. Science today is hardly universally secure, and scientists seem themselves beset by critics, denialists, and those they label “pseudoscientists”—as seen all too clearly in battles over evolution and climate change. The Pseudoscience Wars simultaneously reveals the surprising Cold War roots of our contemporary dilemma and points readers to a different approach to drawing the line between knowledge and nonsense.
Summary Book Review Colonialism and Genocide by Dirk Moses:
Download or read book Colonialism and Genocide written by Dirk Moses and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-09-13 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Previously published as a special issue of Patterns of Prejudice, this is the first book to link colonialism and genocide in a systematic way in the context of world history. It fills a significant gap in the current understanding on genocide and the Holocaust, which sees them overwhelmingly as twentieth century phenomena. This book publishes Lemkin’s account of the genocide of the Aboriginal Tasmanians for the first time and chapters cover: the exterminatory rhetoric of racist discourses before the ‘scientific racism’ of the mid-nineteenth century Charles Darwin’s preoccupation with the extinction of peoples in the face of European colonialism, a reconstruction of a virtually unknown case of ‘subaltern genocide’ global perspective on the links between modernity and the Holocaust Social theorists and historians alike will find this a must-read.
Summary Book Review The Estate of Social Knowledge by JoAnne Brown:
Download or read book The Estate of Social Knowledge written by JoAnne Brown and published by . This book was released on 1991 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Darwin Day in America by John G. West:
Download or read book Darwin Day in America written by John G. West and published by Open Road Media. This book was released on 2014-04-22 with total page 450 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At the dawn of the last century, leading scientists and politicians giddily predicted that science—especially Darwinian biology—would supply solutions to all the intractable problems of American society, from crime to poverty to sexual maladjustment. Instead, politics and culture were dehumanized as scientific experts began treating human beings as little more than animals or machines. In criminal justice, these experts denied the existence of free will and proposed replacing punishment with invasive “cures” such as the lobotomy. In welfare, they proposed eliminating the poor by sterilizing those deemed biologically unfit. In business, they urged the selection of workers based on racist theories of human evolution and the development of advertising methods to more effectively manipulate consumer behavior. In sex education, they advocated creating a new sexual morality based on “normal mammalian behavior” without regard to longstanding ethical and religious imperatives. Based on extensive research with primary sources and archival materials, John G. West’s captivating Darwin Day in America tells the story of how American public policy has been corrupted by scientistic ideology. Marshaling fascinating anecdotes and damning quotations, West’s narrative explores the far-reaching consequences for society when scientists and politicians deny the essential differences between human beings and the rest of nature. It also exposes the disastrous results that ensue when experts claiming to speak for science turn out to be wrong. West concludes with a powerful plea for the restoration of democratic accountability in an age of experts.
Summary Book Review The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought by Marouf Arif Hasian:
Download or read book The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought written by Marouf Arif Hasian and published by University of Georgia Press. This book was released on 1996 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ranging in subject from England's poor laws to the Human Genome Project, The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought is one of the first books to look at the history and development of the eugenics movement in Anglo-American culture. Unlike other works that focus on the movement's historical aberrancies or the claims of its hardline proponents, this study highlights the often unnoticed ways in which the language and ideas of eugenics have permeated democratic discourse. Marouf A. Hasian, Jr. not only examines the attempts of philosophers, scientists, and politicians to balance the rights of the individual against the duties of the state, but also shows how African Americans, Catholics, women, and other communities--dominant and marginalized--have appropriated or confronted the rhetoric of eugenics. Hasian contends that "eugenics" is an ambiguous term that has allowed people to voice their concerns on a number of social issues--a form of discourse that influences the way ordinary citizens make sense of their material and spiritual world. While biological determinism and social necessity are discussed in the works of Plato, Malthus, and Darwin, among others, with theories ranging from equality for all to natural superiority, it is Galton's observations on "positive" and "negative" eugenics that have been widely used to justify a variety of social and political projects--including the sterilization and segregation of the unfit, immigration restrictions, marriage regulations, substance abuse, physical and mental testing, and the establishment of health programs that sought to improve "hygiene." Women, African Americans, and other marginalized communities, for instance, have at times lost reproductive rights in the name of "liberty," "opportunity," or "necessity." Eugenical arguments are more than a creation of pseudo-science or misapplied genetical analysis, Hasian determines; they are also rhetorical fragments, representing the ideologies of multitudes of social actors who, across time, have reconfigured these ideas to legitimize many agendas.
Summary Book Review "Destined to Fail" by Julia Eklund Koza:
Download or read book "Destined to Fail" written by Julia Eklund Koza and published by University of Michigan Press. This book was released on 2021-08-31 with total page 813 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How eugenics became a keystone of modern educational policy
Summary Book Review Tarzan Forever by John Taliaferro:
Download or read book Tarzan Forever written by John Taliaferro and published by Simon and Schuster. This book was released on 2002-01-15 with total page 426 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A biography that takes a penetrating look at Edgar Rice Burroughs, the writer who invented the superhero of the century--Tarzan--whose adventures continue to enthrall audiences. of photos.
Summary Book Review Life Evolving by Christian de Duve:
Download or read book Life Evolving written by Christian de Duve and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2002-10-17 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In just a half century, humanity has made an astounding leap in its understanding of life. Now, one of the giants of biological science, Christian de Duve, discusses what we've learned in this half century, ranging from the tiniest cells to the future of our species and of life itself. With wide-ranging erudition, De Duve takes us on a dazzling tour of the biological world, beginning with the invisible workings of the cell, the area in which he won his Nobel Prize. He describes how the first cells may have arisen and suggests that they may have been like the organisms that exist today near deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Contrary to many scientists, he argues that life was bound to arise and that it probably only took millennia--maybe tens of thousands of years--to move from rough building blocks to the first organisms possessing the basic properties of life. With equal authority, De Duve examines topics such as the evolution of humans, the origins of consciousness, the development of language, the birth of science, and the origin of emotion, morality, altruism, and love. He concludes with his conjectures on the future of humanity--for instance, we may evolve, perhaps via genetic engineering, into a new species--and he shares his personal thoughts about God and immortality. In Life Evolving, one of our most eminent scientists sums up what he has learned about the nature of life and our place in the universe. An extraordinarily wise and humane volume, it will fascinate readers curious about the world around them and about the impact of science on philosophy and religion.
Summary Book Review Genealogy of P.I.M.P Ology by Robert Thompson:
Download or read book Genealogy of P.I.M.P Ology written by Robert Thompson and published by Page Publishing Inc. This book was released on 2020-11-09 with total page 188 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The title of this book speaks for itself. It is the testimony of the nationally recognized world-class pimp—Robert A. Thompson, otherwise known as the Boogie Mann. These are the words of a true living legend right off the streets of Sacramento, California—the epicenter of the west coast pimp game. It has been determined that pimps are not made, they are born. This book stands to be the first to explain how that is so. Genealogy of Pimp Ology breaks down the entire pimp game step by step. It will explain how the very nature of a pimp is genetically passed down generation after generation, biologically linking modern-day pimps to past players as far back as the biblical days. This book will also point out that many political leaders along the totem pole, including some forefathers, carried this pimp gene and secretly benefited one way or another, not only from slavery, but also from prostitution and/or human trafficking while manipulating the intelligence of the people all over the world!
Author :Alexandra Minna Stern Publisher :Univ of California Press Release Date :2016 ISBN 10 :9780520285064 Pages :422 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.8/5 (56 users download)
Summary Book Review Eugenic Nation by Alexandra Minna Stern:
Download or read book Eugenic Nation written by Alexandra Minna Stern and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 2016 with total page 422 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "With an emphasis on the American West, Eugenic Nation explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details that demonstrate that the story is far from over. Alexandra Minna Stern explores the unauthorized sterilization of female inmates in California state prisons and ongoing reparations for North Carolina victims of sterilization, as well as the topics of race-based intelligence tests, school segregation, the U.S. Border Patrol, tropical medicine, the environmental movement, and opposition to better breeding. Radically new and relevant, this edition draws from recently uncovered historical records to demonstrate patterns of racial bias in California's sterilization program and to recover personal experiences of reproductive injustice. Stern connects the eugenic past to the genomic present with attention to the ethical and social implications of emerging genetic technologies"--Provided by publisher.
Summary Book Review War Against the Weak by Edwin Black:
Download or read book War Against the Weak written by Edwin Black and published by Dialog Press. This book was released on 2012-04-30 with total page 608 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: War Against the Weak is the gripping chronicle documenting how American corporate philanthropies launched a national campaign of ethnic cleansing in the United States, helped found and fund the Nazi eugenics of Hitler and Mengele -- and then created the modern movement of "human genetics." Some 60,000 Americans were sterilized under laws in 27 states. This expanded edition includes two new essays on state genocide.