Summary Book Review Human Rights after Hitler by Dan Plesch:
Download or read book Human Rights after Hitler written by Dan Plesch and published by Georgetown University Press. This book was released on 2017-03-21 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Rights after Hitler reveals thousands of forgotten US and Allied war crimes prosecutions against Hitler and other Axis war criminals based on a popular movement for justice that stretched from Poland to the Pacific. These cases provide a great foundation for twenty-first-century human rights and accompany the achievements of the Nuremberg trials and postwar conventions. They include indictments of perpetrators of the Holocaust made while the death camps were still operating, which confounds the conventional wisdom that there was no official Allied response to the Holocaust at the time. This history also brings long overdue credit to the United Nations War Crimes Commission (UNWCC), which operated during and after World War II. From the 1940s until a recent lobbying effort by Plesch and colleagues, the UNWCC’s files were kept out of public view in the UN archives under pressure from the US government. The book answers why the commission and its files were closed and reveals that the lost precedents set by these cases have enormous practical utility for prosecuting war crimes today. They cover US and Allied prosecutions of torture, including “water treatment,” wartime sexual assault, and crimes by foot soldiers who were “just following orders.” Plesch’s book will fascinate anyone with an interest in the history of the Second World War as well as provide ground-breaking revelations for historians and human rights practitioners alike.
Summary Book Review Human Rights After Hitler by Daniel Plesch:
Download or read book Human Rights After Hitler written by Daniel Plesch and published by Georgetown University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Rights after Hitler is a groundbreaking history about the forgotten work of the UN War Crimes Commission (UNWCC), which operated during and after World War II in response to Axis atrocities. He explains the commission's work, why its files were kept secret, and demonstrates how the lost precedents of the commission's indictments should introduce important new paradigms for prosecuting war crimes today. The UNWCC examined roughly 36,000 cases in Europe and Asia. Thousands of trials were carried out at the country-level, and hundreds of war criminals were convicted. This rewrites the history of human rights in the wake of World War II, which is too focused on the few trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo. Until a protracted lobbying effort by Plesch and colleagues, the UNWCC's files had been kept out of public view in the UN archives under pressure from the US government. The US initially wanted the files closed to smooth the way for post-war collaboration with Germany and Japan, and the few researchers who did gain permission to see the files were not permitted to even take notes until the files' recent release. Now revealed, the precedents set by these cases should have enormous practical utility for prosecuting war crimes today.
Author :Nathan A. Kurz Publisher :Cambridge University Press Release Date :2020-09-30 ISBN 10 :9781108890335 Pages : pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.9/5 (33 users download)
Summary Book Review Jewish Internationalism and Human Rights after the Holocaust by Nathan A. Kurz:
Download or read book Jewish Internationalism and Human Rights after the Holocaust written by Nathan A. Kurz and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-09-30 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nathan A. Kurz charts the fraught relationship between Jewish internationalism and international rights protection in the second half of the twentieth century. For nearly a century, Jewish lawyers and advocacy groups in Western Europe and the United States had pioneered forms of international rights protection, tying the defense of Jews to norms and rules that aspired to curb the worst behavior of rapacious nation-states. In the wake of the Holocaust and the creation of the State of Israel, however, Jewish activists discovered they could no longer promote the same norms, laws and innovations without fear they could soon apply to the Jewish state. Using previously unexamined sources, Nathan Kurz examines the transformation of Jewish internationalism from an effort to constrain the power of nation-states to one focused on cementing Israel's legitimacy and its status as a haven for refugees from across the Jewish diaspora.
Author :Derrick M. Nault Publisher :Oxford University Press, USA Release Date :2021-01-17 ISBN 10 :9780198859628 Pages :260 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.5/5 (962 users download)
Summary Book Review Africa and the Shaping of International Human Rights by Derrick M. Nault:
Download or read book Africa and the Shaping of International Human Rights written by Derrick M. Nault and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2021-01-17 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Africa throughout its postcolonial history has been plagued by human rights abuses ranging from intolerance of political dissent to heinous crimes such as genocide. Yet this book argues that the continent has also been pivotal in helping shape contemporary human rights norms and practices.
Summary Book Review After Hitler by Konrad H Jarausch:
Download or read book After Hitler written by Konrad H Jarausch and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2008 with total page 394 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: After Hitler seeks to explain the breathtaking transformation of the Germans from the defeated National Socialist accomplices and Holocaust perpetrators of 1945 to the civilized, democratic, and prosperous people of today, living in a reunited country that plays a leading role in the integration of Europe.
Summary Book Review The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Holocaust by Johannes Morsink:
Download or read book The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Holocaust written by Johannes Morsink and published by Georgetown University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-08 with total page 334 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Johannes Morsink argues that the 1948 UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the human rights movement today are direct descendants of revulsion to the Holocaust and the desire to never let it happen again. Much recent scholarship about human rights has severed this link between the Holocaust, the Universal Declaration, and contemporary human rights activism in favor of seeing the 1970s as the era of genesis. Morsink forcefully presents his case that the Universal Declaration was indeed a meaningful though underappreciated document for the human rights movement and that the declaration and its significance cannot be divorced from the Holocaust. He reexamines this linkage through the working papers of the commission that drafted the declaration as well as other primary sources. This work seeks to reset scholarly understandings of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the foundations of the contemporary human rights movement.
Download or read book Human Rights written by Makau Mutua and published by University of Pennsylvania Press. This book was released on 2013-07-03 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In 1948 the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and with it a profusion of norms, processes, and institutions to define, promote, and protect human rights. Today virtually every cause seeks to cloak itself in the righteous language of rights. But even so, this universal reliance on the rights idiom has not succeeded in creating common ground and deep agreement as to the scope, content, and philosophical bases for human rights. Makau Mutua argues that the human rights enterprise inappropriately presents itself as a guarantor of eternal truths without which human civilization is impossible. Mutua contends that in fact the human rights corpus, though well meaning, is a Eurocentric construct for the reconstitution of non-Western societies and peoples with a set of culturally biased norms and practices. Mutua maintains that if the human rights movement is to succeed, it must move away from Eurocentrism as a civilizing crusade and attack on non-European peoples. Only a genuine multicultural approach to human rights can make it truly universal. Indigenous, non-European traditions of Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas must be deployed to deconstruct—and to reconstruct—a universal bundle of rights that all human societies can claim as theirs.
Summary Book Review Human Rights by Darren O'Byrne:
Download or read book Human Rights written by Darren O'Byrne and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-06-06 with total page 460 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Rights: An Introduction is an important text that provides a comprehensive overview of human rights and related issues from a social science perspective. First, this book does more than discuss theory, it uses case studies and personal testimonies in the debate. Human rights as an area of academic interest cannot be easily divorced from human rights struggles and the reality of contemporary conditions. Second, the book is aimed at what is an emerging and growing cross-disciplinary field of study. Human rights issues are increasingly coming to the fore in a number of academic debates. Whereas the study of human rights has traditionally been included in departments of law, international relations and philosophy, a number of courses are now being set up in departments of sociology and anthropology. Consequently, there is an increasing need to bring these disparate approaches together.
Summary Book Review International Law of Human Rights by MichaelK. Addo:
Download or read book International Law of Human Rights written by MichaelK. Addo and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-05 with total page 733 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: International law is a social construct crafted by human endeavour to achieve or at least contribute to the achievement of goals perceived to be valuable or necessary to effective social relations. In effect, international law is no more than a facilitative process and so cannot have answers and conclusions of its own other than what lies within the ambitions of those who define the limits of the process. The essays collected together here reveal how international law facilitates the achievement of the long standing ambition of turning human rights ideals and rhetoric into reality.
Summary Book Review Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide by Leslie Alan Horvitz:
Download or read book Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide written by Leslie Alan Horvitz and published by Infobase Publishing. This book was released on 2014-05-14 with total page 593 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Entries address topics related to genocide, crimes against humanity and peace, and human rights violations; profile perpetrators including Joseph Stalin, Pol Pot, and Idi Amin; and discuss institutions set up to prosecute these crimes in countries around the world.
Author :United States Department of State Publisher :Good Press Release Date :2020-12-08 ISBN 10 :EAN:4064066411923 Pages :25 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review 2008 Human Rights Report: Germany by United States Department of State:
Download or read book 2008 Human Rights Report: Germany written by United States Department of State and published by Good Press. This book was released on 2020-12-08 with total page 25 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "2008 Human Rights Report: Germany" by United States Department of State. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.
Summary Book Review Human Rights in Western Civilization by John A. Maxwell:
Download or read book Human Rights in Western Civilization written by John A. Maxwell and published by Kendall Hunt Publishing Company. This book was released on 1994 with total page 307 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Amnesty International and Human Rights Activism in Postwar Britain, 1945–1977 by Tom Buchanan:
Download or read book Amnesty International and Human Rights Activism in Postwar Britain, 1945–1977 written by Tom Buchanan and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2020-04-30 with total page 363 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Demonstrates how activists worked together during the post-war decades to transform public attitudes towards violations of human rights.
Author :Agostinho dos Reis Monteiro Publisher :Ethics International Press Release Date :2022-08-19 ISBN 10 :9781804410714 Pages :221 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.1/5 (71 users download)
Summary Book Review Human Dignity by Agostinho dos Reis Monteiro:
Download or read book Human Dignity written by Agostinho dos Reis Monteiro and published by Ethics International Press. This book was released on 2022-08-19 with total page 221 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This is an interdisciplinary study on the extreme vilification of human dignity by Nazism. It is focused on the two greatest protagonists of the sides that were confronted in those years of the most tragic uncertainty about the fate of the human species: Adolf Hitler, the ÔgeniusÕ of Nazi ideology, and Thomas Mann, his most prominent opponent in exile, spokesman for the values of Humanism and Civilisation that blew pulverised from the chimneys of concentration camps. How was Nazism possible? How can we prevent its avatars? This book presents that Nazism and the wickedness of its ghastly crimes against human dignity have anthropological roots, able to reproduce at any time and any place, and that the most powerful resource against its reproduction and for the flourishment of the human dignity is the human right to education.
Summary Book Review Laurent Gbagbo‘s Trial and the Indictment of the International Criminal Court by Gnaka Lagoké:
Download or read book Laurent Gbagbo‘s Trial and the Indictment of the International Criminal Court written by Gnaka Lagoké and published by Vernon Press. This book was released on 2023-02-14 with total page 276 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The International Criminal Court (ICC), created in 2002 to combat impunity, projects a sense of unfairness and stirs an unending debate. A trial before the court epitomizes the controversy surrounding it, perceived as a neocolonialist tool in the hands of the most powerful nations. This research critically examines the trial of the former president of Ivory Coast, Laurent Gbagbo. The two-decade crisis in Ivory Coast was a series of armed, diplomatic, and political conflicts in which human rights were violated by all sides. Military confrontation resumed as a result of an electoral stalemate that followed a controversial presidential election in the fall of 2010. The most atrocious human rights abuse was perpetrated at the end of March 2011 by the rebel forces backed by the French and the United Nations troops: the massacre of Duékoué. In one day, hundreds of Laurent Gbagbo’s followers were killed. However, the ICC undertook a selective prosecution against Gbagbo’s camp. After a trial of eight years, Laurent Gbagbo was finally acquitted. The news of his unanticipated acquittal shocked the world. Later, that decision was overturned and transformed into freedom with binding and coercive conditions by the Appeals Chamber, which had succumbed to political pressure. The former president of Ivory Coast spent months of confinement in Belgium until the Appeals Chamber rebutted the prosecutor’s appeal against his release and confirmed his total acquittal and that of Blé Goudé. He eventually went back to Ivory Coast on June 17, 2021. The trial of Laurent Gbagbo before the ICC, despite his acquittal (a tardy one), reflects a series of biases germane to international law and international justice, such as the victor’s justice stance, the conflict between national law and international law, the question of sovereignty, and the issue of lawfare. The trial of Laurent Gbagbo, which was the hallmark of the selective international justice system embedded in unfairness, led to a historical landmark with his shocking acquittal, which led to the indictment of the International Court, whose fate has thus been sealed before history.
Summary Book Review Seeking Justice for the Holocaust by Graham B. Cox:
Download or read book Seeking Justice for the Holocaust written by Graham B. Cox and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 2019-09-12 with total page 356 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial has become a symbol of justice, the pivotal moment when the civilized world stood up for Europe’s Jews and, ultimately, for human rights. Yet the world, represented at the time by the Allied powers, almost did not stand up despite the magnitude of the horrors perpetrated by the Nazis. Seeking justice for the Holocaust had not been an automatic—or an obvious—mission for the Allies to pursue. In this book, Graham Cox recounts the remarkable negotiations and calculations that brought the United States and its allies to this point. At the center of this story is the collaboration between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Herbert C. Pell, Roosevelt’s appointee as U.S. representative to the United Nations War Crimes Commission, in creating an international legal protocol to prosecute Nazi officials for war crimes and genocide. Pell emerges here as an unheralded force in pursuing justice and in framing human rights as an international concern. The book also enlarges our perspective on Roosevelt’s policies regarding European Jews by revealing the depth of his commitment to postwar justice in the face of staunch opposition, even from some within his administration. What made the international effort especially contentious was a debate over its focus—how to punish for aggressive warfare and crimes against humanity. Cox exposes the internal contradictions and contortions behind the U.S. position and the maneuverings of numerous officials negotiating the legal parameters of the trials. Most telling perhaps were the efforts of Robert H. Jackson, the chief U.S. prosecutor at Nuremberg, to circumscribe the scope of new international law—for fear of setting precedents that might boomerang on the United States because of its own racial segregation practices. With its broad new examination of the background and context of the Nuremberg trials, and its expanded view of the roles played by Roosevelt and his unlikely deputy Pell, Seeking Justice for the Holocaust offers a deeper and more nuanced understanding of how the Allies came to hold Nazis accountable for their crimes against humanity.
Summary Book Review Women and the UN by Rebecca Adami:
Download or read book Women and the UN written by Rebecca Adami and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-07-28 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a critical history of influential women in the United Nations and seeks to inspire empowerment with role models from bygone eras. The women whose voices this book presents helped shape UN conventions, declarations, and policies with relevance to the international human rights of women throughout the world today. From the founding of the UN up until the Latin American feminist movements that pushed for gender equality in the UN Charter, and the Security Council Resolutions on the role of women in peace and conflict, the volume reflects on how women delegates from different parts of the world have negotiated and disagreed on human rights issues related to gender within the UN throughout time. In doing so it sheds new light on how these hidden historical narratives enrich theoretical studies in international relations and global agency today. In view of contemporary feminist and postmodern critiques of the origin of human rights, uncovering women’s history of the United Nations from both Southern and Western perspectives allows us to consider questions of feminism and agency in international relations afresh. With contributions from leading scholars and practitioners of law, diplomacy, history, and development studies, and brought together by a theoretical commentary by the Editors, Women and the UN will appeal to anyone whose research covers human rights, gender equality, international development, or the history of civil society. The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781003036708, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.