CetinGrad.org

Full eBooks. A list of all the free ePUB, PDF and MOBI eBooks published on CetinGrad.org

Download Handbook of the English Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries PDF

Handbook of the English Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries


Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783110369489
Pages : 613 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.6/5 (948 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of the English Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries by Christoph Reinfandt:

Download or read book Handbook of the English Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries written by Christoph Reinfandt and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2017-06-12 with total page 613 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Handbook systematically charts the trajectory of the English novel from its emergence as the foremost literary genre in the early twentieth century to its early twenty-first century status of eccentric eminence in new media environments. Systematic chapters address ̒The English Novel as a Distinctly Modern Genreʼ, ̒The Novel in the Economy’, ̒Genres’, ̒Gender’ (performativity, masculinities, feminism, queer), and ̒The Burden of Representationʼ (class and ethnicity). Extended contextualized close readings of more than twenty key texts from Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness (1899) to Tom McCarthy’s Satin Island (2015) supplement the systematic approach and encourage future research by providing overviews of reception and theoretical perspectives.

Download Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries PDF

Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries


Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783110422429
Pages : 469 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (242 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries by Timo Müller:

Download or read book Handbook of the American Novel of the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries written by Timo Müller and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2017-01-11 with total page 469 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Increasing specialization within the discipline of English and American Studies has shifted the focus of scholarly discussion toward theoretical reflection and cultural contexts. These developments have benefitted the discipline in more ways than one, but they have also resulted in a certain neglect of close reading. As a result, students and researchers interested in such material are forced to turn to scholarship from the 1960s and 1970s, much of which relies on dated methodological and ideological presuppositions. The handbook aims to fill this gap by providing new readings of texts that figure prominently in the literature classroom and in scholarly debate − from James’s The Ambassadors to McCarthy’s The Road. These readings do not revert naively to a time “before theory.” Instead, they distil the insights of literary and cultural theory into concise introductions to the historical background, the themes, the formal strategies, and the reception of influential literary texts, and they do so in a jargon-free language accessible to readers on all levels of qualification.

Download The Palgrave Handbook of Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Literature and Science PDF

The Palgrave Handbook of Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Literature and Science


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030482442
Pages : 688 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (244 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Palgrave Handbook of Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Literature and Science by Neel Ahuja:

Download or read book The Palgrave Handbook of Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Literature and Science written by Neel Ahuja and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-11-26 with total page 688 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook illustrates the evolution of literature and science, in collaboration and contestation, across the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The essays it gathers question the charged rhetoric that pits science against the humanities while also demonstrating the ways in which the convergence of literary and scientific approaches strengthens cultural analyses of colonialism, race, sex, labor, state formation, and environmental destruction. The broad scope of this collection explores the shifting relations between literature and science that have shaped our own cultural moment, sometimes in ways that create a problematic hierarchy of knowledge and other times in ways that encourage fruitful interdisciplinary investigations, innovative modes of knowledge production, and politically charged calls for social justice. Across units focused on epistemologies, techniques and methods, ethics and politics, and forms and genres, the chapters address problems ranging across epidemiology and global health, genomics and biotechnology, environmental and energy sciences, behaviorism and psychology, physics, and computational and surveillance technologies. Chapter 19 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Download Handbook of English Renaissance Literature PDF

Handbook of English Renaissance Literature


Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783110444889
Pages : 748 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.4/5 (488 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of English Renaissance Literature by Ingo Berensmeyer:

Download or read book Handbook of English Renaissance Literature written by Ingo Berensmeyer and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2019-10-08 with total page 748 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook of English Renaissance literature serves as a reference for both students and scholars, introducing recent debates and developments in early modern studies. Using new theoretical perspectives and methodological tools, the volume offers exemplary close readings of canonical and less well-known texts from all significant genres between c. 1480 and 1660. Its systematic chapters address questions about editing Renaissance texts, the role of translation, theatre and drama, life-writing, science, travel and migration, and women as writers, readers and patrons. The book will be of particular interest to those wishing to expand their knowledge of the early modern period beyond Shakespeare.

Download Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India PDF

Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India


Author :
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0313287783
Pages : 454 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.1/5 (328 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India by Nalini Natarajan:

Download or read book Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India written by Nalini Natarajan and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 1996 with total page 454 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Surveys the many regional literatures of 20th century India.

Download Handbook of the English Novel, 1830–1900 PDF

Handbook of the English Novel, 1830–1900


Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783110394214
Pages : 686 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (421 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of the English Novel, 1830–1900 by Martin Middeke:

Download or read book Handbook of the English Novel, 1830–1900 written by Martin Middeke and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2020-05-05 with total page 686 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Part I of this authoritative handbook offers systematic essays, which deal with major historical, social, philosophical, political, cultural and aesthetic contexts of the English novel between 1830 and 1900. The essays offer a wide scope of aspects such as the Industrial Revolution, religion and secularisation, science, technology, medicine, evolution or the increasing mediatisation of the lifeworld. Part II, then, leads through the work of more than 25 eminent Victorian novelists. Each of these chapters provides both historical and biographical contextualisation, overview, close reading and analysis. They also encourage further research as they look upon the work of the respective authors at issue from the perspectives of cultural and literary theory.

Download The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System PDF

The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317365815
Pages : 544 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.6/5 (581 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System by Vivian Cook:

Download or read book The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System written by Vivian Cook and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-15 with total page 544 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System provides a comprehensive account of the English writing system, both in its current iteration and highlighting the developing trends that will influence its future. Twenty-nine chapters written by specialists from around the world cover core linguistic and psychological aspects, and also include areas from other disciplines such as typography and computer-mediated communication. Divided into five parts, the volume encompasses a wide range of approaches and addresses issues in the following areas: theory and the English writing system, discussing the effects of etymology and phonology; the history of the English writing system from its earliest development, including spelling, pronunciation and typography; the acquisition and teaching of writing, with discussions of literacy issues and dyslexia; English writing in use around the world, both in the UK and America, and also across Europe and Japan; computer-mediated communication and developments in writing online and on social media. The Routledge Handbook of the English Writing System is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students working in this area.

Download The Palgrave Handbook of Magical Realism in the Twenty-First Century PDF

The Palgrave Handbook of Magical Realism in the Twenty-First Century


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030398354
Pages : 650 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (835 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Palgrave Handbook of Magical Realism in the Twenty-First Century by Richard Perez:

Download or read book The Palgrave Handbook of Magical Realism in the Twenty-First Century written by Richard Perez and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-04-30 with total page 650 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Palgrave Handbook of Magical Realism in the Twenty-First Century examines magical realism in literatures from around the globe. Featuring twenty-seven essays written by leading scholars, this anthology argues that literary expressions of magical realism proliferate globally in the twenty-first century due to travel and migrations, the shrinking of time and space, and the growing encroachment of human life on nature. In this global context, magical realism addresses twenty-first-century politics, aesthetics, identity, and social/national formations where contact between and within cultures has exponentially increased, altering how communities and nations imagine themselves. This text assembles a group of critics throughout the world—the Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Australia—who employ multiple theoretical approaches to examine the different ways magical realism in literature has transitioned to a global practice; thus, signaling a new stage in the history and development of the genre.

Download The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translingualism PDF

The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translingualism


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000441512
Pages : 426 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.4/5 (151 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translingualism by Steven G. Kellman:

Download or read book The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translingualism written by Steven G. Kellman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-09-30 with total page 426 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Though it might seem as modern as Samuel Beckett, Joseph Conrad, and Vladimir Nabokov, translingual writing - texts by authors using more than one language or a language other than their primary one - has an ancient pedigree. The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translingualism aims to provide a comprehensive overview of translingual literature in a wide variety of languages throughout the world, from ancient to modern times. The volume includes sections on: translingual genres - with chapters on memoir, poetry, fiction, drama, and cinema ancient, medieval, and modern translingualism global perspectives - chapters overseeing European, African, and Asian languages. Combining chapters from lead specialists in the field, this volume will be of interest to scholars, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates interested in investigating the vibrant area of translingual literature. Attracting scholars from a variety of disciplines, this interdisciplinary and pioneering Handbook will advance current scholarship of the permutations of languages among authors throughout time.

Download Handbook of the British Novel in the Long Eighteenth Century PDF

Handbook of the British Novel in the Long Eighteenth Century


Author :
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783110650440
Pages : 606 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (44 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Handbook of the British Novel in the Long Eighteenth Century by Katrin Berndt:

Download or read book Handbook of the British Novel in the Long Eighteenth Century written by Katrin Berndt and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2022-07-18 with total page 606 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The handbook offers a comprehensive introduction to the British novel in the long eighteenth century, when this genre emerged to develop into the period’s most versatile and popular literary form. Part I features six systematic chapters that discuss literary, intellectual, socio-economic, and political contexts, providing innovative approaches to issues such as sense and sentiment, gender considerations, formal characteristics, economic history, enlightened and radical concepts of citizenship and human rights, ecological ramifications, and Britain’s growing global involvement. Part II presents twenty-five analytical chapters that attend to individual novels, some canonical and others recently recovered. These analyses engage the debates outlined in the systematic chapters, undertaking in-depth readings that both contextualize the works and draw on relevant criticism, literary theory, and cultural perspectives. The handbook’s breadth and depth, clear presentation, and lucid language make it attractive and accessible to scholar and student alike.

Download The Palgrave Handbook of Cold War Literature PDF

The Palgrave Handbook of Cold War Literature


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030389734
Pages : 826 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (973 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Palgrave Handbook of Cold War Literature by Andrew Hammond:

Download or read book The Palgrave Handbook of Cold War Literature written by Andrew Hammond and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-09-04 with total page 826 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers a comprehensive guide to global literary engagement with the Cold War. Eschewing the common focus on national cultures, the collection defines Cold War literature as an international current focused on the military and ideological conflicts of the age and characterised by styles and approaches that transcended national borders. Drawing on specialists from across the world, the volume analyses the period’s fiction, poetry, drama and autobiographical writings in three sections: dominant concerns (socialism, decolonisation, nuclearism, propaganda, censorship, espionage), common genres (postmodernism, socialism realism, dystopianism, migrant poetry, science fiction, testimonial writing) and regional cultures (Asia, Africa, Oceania, Europe and the Americas). In doing so, the volume forms a landmark contribution to Cold War literary studies which will appeal to all those working on literature of the 1945-1989 period, including specialists in comparative literature, postcolonial literature, contemporary literature and regional literature.

Download The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism PDF

The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism


Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780190642907
Pages : 608 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.4/5 (29 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism by Keith Newlin:

Download or read book The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism written by Keith Newlin and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-08-01 with total page 608 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The scholarship devoted to American literary realism has long wrestled with problems of definition: is realism a genre, with a particular form, content, and technique? Is it a style, with a distinctive artistic arrangement of words, characters, and description? Or is it a period, usually placed as occurring after the Civil War and concluding somewhere around the onset of World War I? This volume aims to widen the scope of study beyond mere definition, however, by expanding the boundaries of the subject through essays that reconsider and enlarge upon such questions. The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism aims to take stock of the scholarly work in the area and map out paths for future directions of study. The Handbook offers 35 vibrant and original essays of new interpretations of the artistic and political challenges of representing life. It is the first book to treat the subject topically and thematically, in wide scope, with essays that draw upon recent scholarship in literary and cultural studies to offer an authoritative and in-depth reassessment of major and minor figures and the contexts that shaped their work. Contributors here tease out the workings of a particular concept through a variety of authors and their cultural contexts. A set of essays explores realism's genesis and its connection to previous and subsequent movements. Others examine the inclusiveness of representation, the circulation of texts, and the aesthetic representation of science, time, space, and the subjects of medicine, the New Woman, and the middle class. Still others trace the connection to other arts--poetry, drama, illustration, photography, painting, and film--and to pedagogic issues in the teaching of realism. As a whole, this volume forges exciting new paths in the study of realism and writers' unending labor to represent life accurately.

Download The Oxford Handbook of the Latin American Novel PDF

The Oxford Handbook of the Latin American Novel


Author :
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780197541852
Pages : 889 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.4/5 (185 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Oxford Handbook of the Latin American Novel by Juan E. De Castro:

Download or read book The Oxford Handbook of the Latin American Novel written by Juan E. De Castro and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2023-03-07 with total page 889 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Latin American novel burst onto the international literary scene with the Boom era--led by Julio Cortázar, Gabriel García Márquez, Carlos Fuentes, and Mario Vargas Llosa--and has influenced writers throughout the world ever since. García Márquez and Vargas Llosa each received the Nobel Prize in literature, and many of the best-known contemporary novelists are inspired by the region's fiction. Indeed, magical realism, the style associated with García Márquez, has left a profound imprint on African American, African, Asian, Anglophone Caribbean, and Latinx writers. Furthermore, post-Boom literature continues to garner interest, from the novels of Roberto Bolaño to the works of César Aira and Chico Buarque, to those of younger novelists such as Juan Gabriel Vásquez, Alejandro Zambra, and Valeria Luiselli. Yet, for many readers, the Latin American novel is often read in a piecemeal manner delinked from the traditions, authors, and social contexts that help explain its evolution. The Oxford Handbook of the Latin American Novel draws literary, historical, and social connections so that readers will come away understanding this literature as a rich and compelling canon. In forty-five chapters by leading and innovative scholars, the Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction, helping readers to see the region's intrinsic heterogeneity--for only with a broader view can one fully appreciate García Márquez or Bolaño. This volume charts the literary tradition of the Latin American novel from its beginnings during colonial times, its development during the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century, and its flourishing from the 1960s onward. Furthermore, the Handbook explores the regions, representations of identity, narrative trends, and authors that make this literature so diverse and fascinating, reflecting on the Latin American novel's position in world literature.

Download Literary Research and British Postmodernism PDF

Literary Research and British Postmodernism


Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781442254176
Pages : 264 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (417 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Literary Research and British Postmodernism by Bridgit McCafferty:

Download or read book Literary Research and British Postmodernism written by Bridgit McCafferty and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2015-09-02 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Literary Research and British Postmodernism is a guide for researchers of postwar British literature that defines best practices for scholars conducting research in this period. Individual chapters connect the complex relationships between print and multimedia, technological advancements, and the influence of critical theory that converge in postwar British literature.

Download The Palgrave Handbook of Holocaust Literature and Culture PDF

The Palgrave Handbook of Holocaust Literature and Culture


Author :
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783030334284
Pages : 840 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (428 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review The Palgrave Handbook of Holocaust Literature and Culture by Victoria Aarons:

Download or read book The Palgrave Handbook of Holocaust Literature and Culture written by Victoria Aarons and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-01-24 with total page 840 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Palgrave Handbook of Holocaust Literature and Culture reflects current approaches to Holocaust literature that open up future thinking on Holocaust representation. The chapters consider diverse generational perspectives—survivor writing, second and third generation—and genres—memoirs, poetry, novels, graphic narratives, films, video-testimonies, and other forms of literary and cultural expression. In turn, these perspectives create interactions among generations, genres, temporalities, and cultural contexts. The volume also participates in the ongoing project of responding to and talking through moments of rupture and incompletion that represent an opportunity to contribute to the making of meaning through the continuation of narratives of the past. As such, the chapters in this volume pose options for reading Holocaust texts, offering openings for further discussion and exploration. The inquiring body of interpretive scholarship responding to the Shoah becomes itself a story, a narrative that materially extends our inquiry into that history.

Download Twenty-First-Century British Fiction and the City PDF

Twenty-First-Century British Fiction and the City


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319897288
Pages : 252 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (728 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Twenty-First-Century British Fiction and the City by Magali Cornier Michael:

Download or read book Twenty-First-Century British Fiction and the City written by Magali Cornier Michael and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-07-18 with total page 252 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The essays in this edited collection offer incisive and nuanced analyses of and insights into the state of British cities and urban environments in the twenty-first century. Britain’s experiences with industrialization, colonialism, post-colonialism, global capitalism, and the European Union (EU) have had a marked influence on British ideas about and British literature’s depiction of the city and urban contexts. Recent British fiction focuses in particular on cities as intertwined with globalization and global capitalism (including the proliferation of media) and with issues of immigration and migration. Indeed, decolonization has brought large numbers of people from former colonies to Britain, thus making British cities ever more diverse. Such mixing of peoples in urban areas has led to both racist fears and possibilities of cosmopolitan co-existence.

Download Postmodern/Postwar and After PDF

Postmodern/Postwar and After


Author :
Publisher : University of Iowa Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781609384272
Pages : 286 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (427 users download)

GO BOOK!

Summary Book Review Postmodern/Postwar and After by Jason Gladstone:

Download or read book Postmodern/Postwar and After written by Jason Gladstone and published by University of Iowa Press. This book was released on 2016-07 with total page 286 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Within the past ten years, the field of contemporary American literary studies has changed significantly. Following the turn of the twenty-first century and mounting doubts about the continued explanatory power of the category of “postmodernism,” new organizations have emerged, book series have been launched, journals have been created, and new methodologies, periodizations, and thematics have redefined the field. Postmodern/Postwar—and After aims to be a field-defining book—a sourcebook for the new and emerging critical terrain—that explores the postmodern/postwar period and what comes after. The first section of essays returns to the category of the “post-modern” and argues for the usefulness of key concepts and themes from postmodernism to the study of contemporary literature, or reevaluates postmodernism in light of recent developments in the field and historical and economic changes in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. These essays take the contemporary abandonments of postmodernism as an occasion to assess the current states of postmodernity. After that, the essays move to address the critical shift away from postmodernism as a description of the present, and toward a new sense of postmodernism as just one category among many that scholars can use to describe the recent past. The final section looks forward and explores the question of what comes after the postwar/postmodern. Taken together, these essays from leading and emerging scholars on the state of twenty-first-century literary studies provide a number of frameworks for approaching contemporary literature as influenced by, yet distinct from, postmodernism. The result is an indispensable guide that seeks to represent and understand the major overhauling of postwar American literary studies that is currently underway.