Summary Book Review The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions by Stephan Haggard:
Download or read book The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions written by Stephan Haggard and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2018-06-05 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the last two decades, there has been a widespread movement from authoritarian to democratic rule among developing countries, often occurring against a backdrop of severe economic crises and the adoption of market-oriented reforms. The coincidence of these events raises long-standing questions about the relationship between economic and political change. In this book, Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman explore this relationship, addressing a variety of questions: What role have economic crises played in the current wave of political liberalization and democratization? Can new democracies manage the daunting political challenges posed by economic reform? Under what economic and institutional conditions is democracy most likely to be consolidated? Drawing on contemporary political economy and the experiences of twelve Latin American and Asian countries, they develop a new approach to understanding democratic transitions. Haggard and Kaufman first analyze the relationship between economic crisis and authoritarian withdrawal and then examine how the economic and institutional legacies of authoritarian rule affect the capacity of new democratic governments to initiate and sustain economic policy reform. Finally, the authors analyze the consolidation of political and economic reform over the long run. Throughout, they emphasize the relationship between economic conditions, the interests and power of contending social groups, and the mediating role of representative institutions, particularly political parties.
Summary Book Review Democratic Transitions by Sujian Guo:
Download or read book Democratic Transitions written by Sujian Guo and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-04-03 with total page 138 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.
Summary Book Review Democratic Transitions in the Arab World by Ibrahim Elbadawi:
Download or read book Democratic Transitions in the Arab World written by Ibrahim Elbadawi and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2017-01-05 with total page 357 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A cross-country examination of authoritarianism and democracy in North Africa and the Middle East.
Summary Book Review Democratic Transitions in East Africa by F. Wafula Okumu:
Download or read book Democratic Transitions in East Africa written by F. Wafula Okumu and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-07-16 with total page 230 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 2004. Genocide in Rwanda, massive floods of refugees and displaced people in the Horn of Africa, violent civil wars in the West African countries of Sierra Leone and Liberia - these are testimonies to the tremendous cost to grassroots communities when the authority and legitimacy of national political systems and leaders are called into question. The consolidation of democracy represents one tangible strategy to restore authority and legitimacy of political rule, providing the peace and security necessary for political enfranchisement and economic opportunity. This volume explores the factors that are crucial to the emergence of democratic political systems on the African continent, specifically focusing on Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. It highlights the political challenges facing these countries during this crucial transition period, and provides insights that are applicable to other countries engaged in this process in Africa and beyond.
Summary Book Review Problems of Democratic Transitions in Multi-Ethnic States by Sandy Minsat:
Download or read book Problems of Democratic Transitions in Multi-Ethnic States written by Sandy Minsat and published by ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press. This book was released on 2009-06-01 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Saw Myat Sandy’s study deals with theoretical and empirical analysis of the political transitions in former Yugoslavia and Burma, the present day Myanmar. It covers the transition period of both states from the late 1980s until present. The author examines the democratic transition in both states, where the process has been ‘unsuccessfully accomplished’, i.e. after a very promising beginning sooner or later undermined by the challenges of the transition, which threatened to reverse, what was gained by democratisation. In this dissertation, Saw Myat Sandy argues that the democratic transition in both states became an extended process of transition’ because of its multi-ethnic societies. The democratisation in former Yugoslavia led to disintegration, and in Myanmar it is proving to be an intractable one and has become almost un-resolvable to anyone’s satisfaction. Myanmar today suffers from on-going political instabilities that cause political and social fragmentations but does not demonstrate that it will fall into conventional Balkan scenarios. This dissertation analyses if Myanmar’s political transition will follow the former Yugoslavian fate by using the transition theoretical framework and highlighting the empirical facts on the problems of ethnicity and other political factors that relate to these democratisation processes. The theoretical approaches are based on the ‘democratic transition and consolidation theories’ argued by Juan J. Linz, Alfred Stepan and Samuel Huntington. As opposed to many quantitative studies, relevant dimensions will gradually appear in this qualitative case study. The theoretical perspectives that apply are equally significant and supplement each other and relate to its national experience. The study contributes to the conventional theoretical debate and aims to offer the understanding for the need to expand the link between ethnicity and political transitions in transition theories. It proposes a heuristic method to integrate the dynamic of ethnicity in political transition theories.
Summary Book Review Managing Conflicts in Africa's Democratic Transitions by Akanmu Gafari Adebayo:
Download or read book Managing Conflicts in Africa's Democratic Transitions written by Akanmu Gafari Adebayo and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2012 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the nascent and complex terrain of democratization and peaceful political transitions in Africa. It analyzes major election-related conflicts across the continent, explains their root causes and major consequences, and offers measures that may be undertaken to prevent, manage, and resolve election-induced conflicts. It charts a path for the future political and democratic stability in Africa.
Summary Book Review Transitions to Democracy by Kathryn Stoner:
Download or read book Transitions to Democracy written by Kathryn Stoner and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2013-04-15 with total page 456 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Extensive primary research and a rubric that can be applied to burgeoning democracies offer readers valuable tools and information.
Summary Book Review Democratic Transition in the Muslim World by Alfred Stepan:
Download or read book Democratic Transition in the Muslim World written by Alfred Stepan and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2018-03-13 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In early 2011, widespread protests ousted dictatorial regimes in both Tunisia and Egypt. Within a few years, Tunisia successfully held parliamentary and presidential elections and witnessed a peaceful transition of power, while the Egyptian military went on to seize power and institute authoritarian control. What explains the success and failure of transitions to democracy in these two countries, and how might they speak to democratic transition attempts in other Muslim-majority countries? Democratic Transition in the Muslim World convenes leading scholars to consider the implications of democratic success in Tunisia and failure in Egypt in comparative perspective. Alongside case studies of Indonesia, Senegal, and India, contributors analyze similarities and differences among democratizing countries with large Muslim populations, considering universal challenges as well as each nation’s particular obstacles. A central theme is the need to understand the conditions under which it becomes possible to craft pro-democratic coalitions among secularists and Islamists. Essays discuss the dynamics of secularist fears of Islamist electoral success, the role of secular constituencies in authoritarian regimes’ resilience, and the prospects for moderation among both secularist and Islamist political actors. They delve into topics such as the role of the army and foreign military aid, Middle Eastern constitutions, and the role of the Muslim Brotherhood. The book also includes an essay by the founder and president of Tunisia’s Ennadha Party, Rachid Ghannouchi, who discusses the political strategies his party chose to pursue.
Summary Book Review Transitions to Democracy in East and Southeast Asia by :
Download or read book Transitions to Democracy in East and Southeast Asia written by and published by . This book was released on 1999 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Author :Latin American Studies Association. International Congress Publisher :Rowman & Littlefield Release Date :2000 ISBN 10 :0842027688 Pages :338 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.4/5 (22 users download)
Summary Book Review Repression, Resistance, and Democratic Transition in Central America by Latin American Studies Association. International Congress:
Download or read book Repression, Resistance, and Democratic Transition in Central America written by Latin American Studies Association. International Congress and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2000 with total page 338 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Looks at the social and political effects of the shift in Central America from dictatorships to formal political democracy in the last third of the twentieth century.
Summary Book Review Democratic Transition and Security in Pakistan by Shaun Gregory:
Download or read book Democratic Transition and Security in Pakistan written by Shaun Gregory and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-10-23 with total page 318 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume examines the trajectory of Pakistan’s democratic transition and the implications of this change for its security. In May 2013, for the first time in its 66-year history, Pakistan saw an elected government complete a full term in office and transfer power through the ballot box to another civilian government. At this important moment in Pakistan’s history, this collection brings together twelve leading academics and writers with an aim to provide a far-reaching analysis of the current situation in Pakistan and emergent trends. Drawing on history, diverse theoretical perspectives, and empirical evidence, three themed sections deal respectively with democratic transition (including Islam and democracy, civil-military relations, and economics), contested borders and contested spaces (the Pashtun belt, Kashmir, and intra-Islamic conflict), and regionalism (bilateral relations from both Pakistani and Indian perspectives, US-Pakistan relations, and nuclear weapons dynamics). Together the contributors explore the status of Pakistan’s democratic transition, contemporary security dynamics, and wider regional security and political dynamics, and the complex interplay of the three, to provide a wide-ranging analysis of Pakistan’s contemporary national and regional challenges, its impact on the region, and evidence of some positive trends for Pakistan’s future. The book will be of much interest to students of South Asian politics, Asian security, governance, and IR in general as well as policy-makers, diplomats, and military professionals.
Summary Book Review Pakistan's Democratic Transition by Ishtiaq Ahmad:
Download or read book Pakistan's Democratic Transition written by Ishtiaq Ahmad and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-11-03 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Politics in Pakistan has traditionally been understood in the context of civil-military relationship. In May 2013, for the first time in history, Pakistan saw an elected government complete a full term in office and transfer power through the ballot box to another civilian government. In view of such an important development, this book offers critical perspectives on Pakistan’s current democratic transition and its implications for national politics, security and foreign policy. It critically analyses the emerging political trends in the country, including their underlying sources, attributes, constraints, and prospects of sustainability. Drawing on history, diverse theoretical perspectives, and empirical evidence, it explains the dynamics of the democratic process, contested borders and spaces, and regionalism. Contributions are from 13 prominent scholars in the field, who provide a wide-ranging analysis of Pakistan’s contemporary national and regional challenges, as well as the opportunities they entail for its viability as a democratic state. Taking the debate on Pakistan beyond the outmoded notions of praetorian politics and security, the book explores the future prospects of civilian supremacy in the country. It will be of interest to students and scholars of South Asian Politics, Political Sociology and Security Studies, as well as policy-makers, diplomats, security experts and military professionals.
Summary Book Review After the Arab Revolutions by Abdelwahab El-Affendi:
Download or read book After the Arab Revolutions written by Abdelwahab El-Affendi and published by EUP. This book was released on 2021-08-31 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book brings together experienced scholars from the region and beyond to cast new light on the challenges facing democratic transitions and democratic stability. Rather than taking refuge in 'context' and 'regional specificity' to excuse failures to unpack Arab politics, the book argues that sound political science should - and could - prove relevant across regions and cultures. This radical critique reclaims and recasts the 'Transition Paradigm', countering the habit of using advanced and successful democratic transitions as a template to be followed in other regions. It argues that the Arab (and broader Middle Eastern) experience has important lessons to offer, even in its failures. For example, it could help to explain the West's recent populist upsurge and other democratic reversals.
Summary Book Review Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation by Juan J. Linz:
Download or read book Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation written by Juan J. Linz and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 1996-08-16 with total page 508 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 5. Actors and contexts
Summary Book Review Elites and Democratic Transitions by Regime Transformation in Southern Europe by Ioannis Tzortzis:
Download or read book Elites and Democratic Transitions by Regime Transformation in Southern Europe written by Ioannis Tzortzis and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2022-10-18 with total page 215 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines three cases of democratic transitions by self-transformation of the non-democratic regimes in Southern Europe—the Spanish reforma pactada-ruptura pactada of 1976-77, the Greek “Markezinis experiment” of 1973, and the Turkish democratic transition of 1983—in a comparative perspective. The author argues that a democratic transition initiated by the regime elites is, in contrast to widely held assumptions and notwithstanding some reservations on whether democracy can be (re-)introduced by non-democrats, worth viewing as a “window of opportunity” for democratisation. It is up to the democratic counter-elites to respond to it, using the civil society and the international factor as allies to achieve their goal of acquiring more concessions from the regime.
Summary Book Review Social Movement Marginalization in the Democratic Transition by Lynn Kamenitsa:
Download or read book Social Movement Marginalization in the Democratic Transition written by Lynn Kamenitsa and published by . This book was released on 1993 with total page 570 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Proceedings of the Symposium on Democratic Transition in Africa, Ibadan, June 16-19, 1992 by Bernard Caron:
Download or read book Proceedings of the Symposium on Democratic Transition in Africa, Ibadan, June 16-19, 1992 written by Bernard Caron and published by . This book was released on 1992 with total page 436 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: CREDU is a foundation of the French Government. Its aim is to develop exchanges between African and French scholars in the countries where it is based. It deals with post-graduate research in Arts and the Humane Sciences in universities and research institutes. The Head office is in Nairobi, Kenya, where it has existed for the past 10 years. CREDU has also opened a branch office in Harare, Zimbabwe, and another one in Ibadan, Nigeria where it is operating as a unit of the Institute of African Studies of the University of Ibadan.