Summary Book Review Combatants of Muslim Origin in European Armies in the Twentieth Century by Xavier Bougarel:
Download or read book Combatants of Muslim Origin in European Armies in the Twentieth Century written by Xavier Bougarel and published by Bloomsbury Academic. This book was released on 2018-09-20 with total page 253 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the two World Wars that marked the 20th century, hundreds of thousands of non-European combatants fought in the ranks of various European armies. The majority of these soldiers were Muslims from North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent. How are these combatants considered in existing historiography? Over the past few decades, research on war has experienced a wide-reaching renewal, with increased emphasis on the social and cultural dimensions of war, and a desire to reconstruct the experience and viewpoint of the combatants themselves. This volume reintroduces the question of religious belonging and practice into the study of Muslim combatants in European armies in the 20th century, focusing on the combatants' viewpoint alongside that of the administrations and military hierarchy.
Summary Book Review Combatants of Muslim Origin in European Armies in the Twentieth Century by Xavier Bougarel:
Download or read book Combatants of Muslim Origin in European Armies in the Twentieth Century written by Xavier Bougarel and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2017-03-09 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the two World Wars that marked the 20th century, hundreds of thousands of non-European combatants fought in the ranks of various European armies. The majority of these soldiers were Muslims from North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent. How are these combatants considered in existing historiography? Over the past few decades, research on war has experienced a wide-reaching renewal, with increased emphasis on the social and cultural dimensions of war, and a desire to reconstruct the experience and viewpoint of the combatants themselves. This volume reintroduces the question of religious belonging and practice into the study of Muslim combatants in European armies in the 20th century, focusing on the combatants' viewpoint alongside that of the administrations and military hierarchy.
Summary Book Review The Cultural History of War in the Twentieth Century and After by Jay Winter:
Download or read book The Cultural History of War in the Twentieth Century and After written by Jay Winter and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-08-31 with total page 197 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This Element is a user's guide to the cultural history of warfare since 1914. It provides summaries of the basic questions historians have posed in what is now a truly global field of research. It is divided into three parts. The first provides an introduction to the cultural history of the state, focusing on the institutions of violence, both political and military, as well as introducing the key concept of the civilianization of war. The second part addresses civil society at war. It asks the question as to how do men and women try to make sense and attach meaning to the violence and cruelty of war. It also explores commemoration, religious life, humanitarianism, painting, cinema and the visual arts, and war literature and testimony. The third part explores the family, gender and migration in wartime, and shows how modern war continues to transform the world in which we live today.
Summary Book Review Fires of Hatred by Norman M. Naimark:
Download or read book Fires of Hatred written by Norman M. Naimark and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2002-09-19 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Traces the history of ethnic cleansing and its relationship to genocide and population transfer, illustrating why the practice has grown in incidence in the twentieth century as modern states and societies continue to organize themselves by ethnic criteria.
Summary Book Review Srebrenica. The days of shame by Luca Leone:
Download or read book Srebrenica. The days of shame written by Luca Leone and published by Infinito Edizioni. This book was released on 2015-04-14 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Srebrenica represents a dark and painful chapter in late twentieth-century European history. Here, a still unknown number of Bosnian Muslim citizens were tortured and killed in July 1995. About 8.500 deaths have so far been confirmed, but survivors say 10.701 people died as a result of the blind and racist violence of the Bosnian Serb army led by Ratko Mladic’ and mainly Serb paramilitary forces, as the Dutch UN Peacekeepers and, with them, the entire international community, stood by and did nothing. Srebrenica has been defined ‘genocide’ by various international rulings, the first of which was handed down in April 2004. However, today some people continue to deny what happend, even in the knowledge that they are lying. “Srebrenica. The Days of Shame” is the first book ever published in Italy about this genocide, the first in Europe since the Holocaust. This is the fourth edition of the book, updated following the capture of Mladic’ (May 2011) and his consignment to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). “There are no mitigating circumstances for Mladić’s full responsibility in the Srebrenica genocide, but the trial of the former general can shed light on the truth and clarify any co-responsibilities for what is and will always remain one of the most dramatic pages in the history of crime in modern and democratic Europe.About the full responsibility of Mladic’ in the genocide of Srebrenica there aren’t mitigating, but the process against the ex-general could shed light on the truth and clarify any co-responsibility in a fact that is and will always remain, one of the most dramatic pages of criminal acts in the modern and democratic Europe.” (Carla Del Ponte, ex Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia) “When my friend and great human rights activist Luca Leone wrote the first edition of this book commemorating the Srebrenica genocide he, I and many others hoped that the days of shame would be just that – a matter of 'days'. That truth and justice would be served quickly. From one edition to the next the 'days' have become 'years’ of shame: those up to now, to which the three years prior to 1995 should be added.” (Riccardo Noury, Spokesman for Amnesty International Italy).
Summary Book Review The French Army and Its African Soldiers by Ruth Ginio:
Download or read book The French Army and Its African Soldiers written by Ruth Ginio and published by U of Nebraska Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: As part of France’s opposition to the independence of its former colonies in the years following World War II, its army remained deeply invested in preventing the decolonization of the territories comprising French West Africa (FWA). Even as late as the 1950s, the French Army clung to the hope that it was possible to retain FWA as a colony, believing that its relations with African soldiers could offer the perfect model for continued ties between France and its West African territories. In The French Army and Its African Soldiers Ruth Ginio examines the French Army’s attempts to win the hearts and souls of the local population at a time of turbulence and uncertainty regarding future relations between the colonizer and colony. Through the prism of the army’s relationship with its African soldiers, Ginio considers how the army’s activities and political position during FWA’s decolonization laid the foundation for France’s continued active presence in some of these territories after independence. This project is the first thorough examination of the French Army’s involvement in West Africa before independence and provides the essential historical background to understanding France’s complex postcolonial military relations with its former territories in Africa.
Author :William R. Polk Publisher :Yale University Press Release Date :2018-01-09 ISBN 10 :9780300231908 Pages :651 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.3/5 (19 users download)
Summary Book Review Crusade and Jihad by William R. Polk:
Download or read book Crusade and Jihad written by William R. Polk and published by Yale University Press. This book was released on 2018-01-09 with total page 651 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Crusade and Jihad is the first book to encompass, in one volume, the entire history of the catastrophic encounter between the Global North—China, Russia, Europe, Britain, and America—and Muslim societies from Central Asia to West Africa. William R. Polk draws on more than half a century of experience as a historian, policy planner, diplomat, peace negotiator, and businessman to explain the deep hostilities between the Muslim world and the Global North and show how they grew over the centuries. Polk shows how Islam arose and spread across North Africa into Europe, climaxed in the vibrant and sophisticated caliphate of al-Andalus in medieval Spain, and was the bright light in a European Dark Age. Simultaneously, Islam spread from the Middle East into Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. But following the Mongol invasions, Islamic civilization entered a decline while Europe began its overseas expansion. Portuguese buccaneers dominated the Indian Ocean; the Dutch and the English established powerful corporations that turned India and Indonesia into colonies; Russian armies pushed down the Volga into Central Asia, destroying its city-states; and the Chinese Qing dynasty slaughtered an entire Central Asian people. Britain crushed local industry and drained off wealth throughout its vast colonies. Defeated at every turn, Muslims tried adopting Western dress, organizing Westernstyle armies, and embracing Western ideas. None of these efforts stopped the conquests. For Europe and Russia, the nineteenth century was an age of colonial expansion, but for the Muslim world it was an age of brutal and humiliating defeat. Millions were driven from their homes, starved, or killed, and their culture and religion came under a century-long assault. In the twentieth century, brutalized and and disorganized native societies, even after winning independence, fell victim to “post-imperial malaise,” typified by native tyrannies, corruption, and massive poverty. The result was a furious blowback. A sobering, scrupulous, and frank account of imperialism, colonialism, insurgency, and terrorism, Crusade and Jihad is history for anyone who wishes to understand the civilizational conflicts of today’s world.
Summary Book Review Warriors and Their Weapons Around the Time of the Crusades by David Nicolle:
Download or read book Warriors and Their Weapons Around the Time of the Crusades written by David Nicolle and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2002 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The technological relationship between the three main civilizations of the Western world - Byzantium, the Islamic world and the West - most particularly in the area of arms, armour and military technology is a field of research for which Dr Nicolle is noted. This volume deals principally with Western Europe and Byzantium, which for many centuries learnt from the Muslims in these matters; several articles also focus on military interactions in the Crusader states. The work draws upon both written and archaeological sources, but above all makes use of the depictions of war and military equipment in contemporary art to examine the interconnections across the medieval world.
Download or read book Hattin written by John France and published by Great Battles. This book was released on 2015 with total page 239 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On July 4, 1187 the legendary Muslim leader Saladin destroyed the Crusader army of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem with a terrible slaughter at the battle of Hattin - and subsequently restored the Holy City of Jerusalem to Islamic rule. The carnage at Hattin was the culmination of almost a century of religious wars between Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land. It had enormous consequences for the whole medieval world because it produced an intensification of holy war between Islam and Europe for over another century and, in retrospect, marked the beginning of the end for the Crusader presence in the Middle East. In the 20th century, memory of the battle was revived as a symbol of Arab hope for liberation from Crusader Imperialism and in the 21st, it has become a rallying cry for radical Muslim fundamentalists in their struggle for the soul of Islam. In this new volume in the Great Battles series, John France analyzes the origins and course of this pivotal battle, illuminating the roots of the bitter hatred that underlay it and explains its significance in world history - from medieval times to the present.
Summary Book Review Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century by R. J. Crampton:
Download or read book Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century written by R. J. Crampton and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 1996 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With 129 maps, numerous diagrams and incisive textual commentary, the Atlas of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century draws a definitive picture of the changing shape of Eastern Europe from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present. Among the highlights of this expansive guide, the Atlas gives a general introduction to the physical, ethnic and religious composition of the region. It presents detailed information relating to consituent territories, elections, economic developments, and land-holding patterns for key individual countries through both world wars. It also provides crucial social and economic data, evidencing changes under communist domination and after its fall. The Atlas's 129 maps present a detailed story of an Eastern Europe not easily conveyed by words alone. Summary maps of Eastern Europe are given for the key years 1900, 1923, 1945, and 1994. Other maps chart the ebb and flow of the first and second world wars. The persecution of the Jews and population movement is traced. Finally, maps are given of the new states of post-communist Eastern Europe with details of elections and economic indicators for Albania, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, The Czech Republic, Lithuania, and others.
Summary Book Review Race and War in France by Richard S. Fogarty:
Download or read book Race and War in France written by Richard S. Fogarty and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2008-08-15 with total page 399 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Reservoirs of men -- Race and the deployment of troupes indigènes -- Hierarchies of rank, hierarchies of race -- Race and language in the army -- Religion and the "problem" of Islam in the French army -- Race, sex, and imperial anxieties -- Between subjects and citizens
Summary Book Review Islam and the Abode of War by David Ayalon:
Download or read book Islam and the Abode of War written by David Ayalon and published by Routledge. This book was released on 1994 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work offers detailed information and assessments of the part played by the military in Islamic history. It ranges from the military reforms of Caliph al-Muctasim, through military slavery in Egypt and Syria, to Islam versus Christian Europe and the impact of firearms on the Muslim world.
Summary Book Review History of Indonesia in the Twentieth Century by Bernhard Dahm:
Download or read book History of Indonesia in the Twentieth Century written by Bernhard Dahm and published by . This book was released on 1971 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review A Modern History of the Islamic World by Reinhard Schulze:
Download or read book A Modern History of the Islamic World written by Reinhard Schulze and published by . This book was released on 2000 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, the German scholar Reinhard Schulze charts the history of Islamic dominant societies in the 20th century looking both at what they have in common and their equally profound differences.
Summary Book Review Hearts Grown Brutal by Roger Cohen:
Download or read book Hearts Grown Brutal written by Roger Cohen and published by Random House Incorporated. This book was released on 1998 with total page 523 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The turbulent disintegration of Yugoslavia and the internecine civil war that followed during the post-Cold War era is seen through the lives and fortunes of four families representing various factions in the struggle. 20,000 first printing.
Summary Book Review Islamische Gelehrtenkultur in Nordindien by Jamal Malik:
Download or read book Islamische Gelehrtenkultur in Nordindien written by Jamal Malik and published by BRILL. This book was released on 1997 with total page 642 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume on Islamic scholarship provides new insights into the social and intellectual history of the complex learned culture in Muslim North India from the fifteenth to the twentieth centuries, by analyzing popular and pietist, traditionalist and reformist movements and institutions.