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Download Civil-Military Relations From Vietnam To Operation Iraqi Freedom PDF

Civil-Military Relations From Vietnam To Operation Iraqi Freedom


Author :
Publisher : Pickle Partners Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781786250070
Pages : 60 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (7 users download)

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Summary Book Review Civil-Military Relations From Vietnam To Operation Iraqi Freedom by Major Brandon L. DeWind:

Download or read book Civil-Military Relations From Vietnam To Operation Iraqi Freedom written by Major Brandon L. DeWind and published by Pickle Partners Publishing. This book was released on 2015-11-06 with total page 60 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The end of the Cold War did not bring about the grand peace that was hoped for during four decades. Instead, the world has become more dangerous, with multiple complex problems. Military institutions worldwide must learn to adapt to the ever-changing face of the threat to fight the Global War on Terror. Services can no longer look within their own ranks to accomplish the mission; all operations must be joint in order to succeed in the contemporary operating environment. This monograph traces the thread between civil-military relations during two times of war for the U.S. The military must know what the civilian leadership requires and must, in return, articulate a clear path to achieve it, if feasible. The U.S. military never lost a battle in Vietnam and yet that conflict is looked upon as an American defeat. The war in Iraq began to look like a repeat performance. The military was clearly winning engagements on the battlefield but the talk at home, in the media, was of a “quagmire” and “stagnation” (two terms used to describe Vietnam) and ultimately, of defeat. Although this monograph uses two snapshots in time of civil-military relations, the significance of its findings apply, in general, to all students interested in civil-military relations, as well as decision making. Whether looking at times of war or peace, civil-military relations play a significant role in all matters pertaining to the running of our military; the decisions made by our civilian leadership can influence even the smallest facets of military life.

Download Public War, Private Fight? The United States and Private Military Companies PDF

Public War, Private Fight? The United States and Private Military Companies


Author :
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781257122356
Pages : 90 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (235 users download)

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Summary Book Review Public War, Private Fight? The United States and Private Military Companies by Deborah C. Kidwell:

Download or read book Public War, Private Fight? The United States and Private Military Companies written by Deborah C. Kidwell and published by Lulu.com. This book was released on 2011-03-25 with total page 90 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The United States has long utilized private military contractors to augment regular military forces in support of its national foreign policy and security needs. Commonly referred to as Private Military Companies (PMCs), contractors employ and manage civilian personnel from the private sector in areas of active military operations. Frequently, regular troops become dependent on the services contractors provide a situation that may negatively impact military effectiveness. Since 1991, contractor support on and off the battlefield has become increasingly more visible, varied, and commonplace. Given the current manpower and resource limitations of the national military, the US will likely continue its extensive use of PMCs in support of military operations. This work addresses historical precedents and trends in American logistics, the current scope of contractor involvement in support of regular military forces, and the challenges posed as traditional military institutions integrate increasing numbers of civilian workers and privately owned assets into the battlespace. These problems increase the risk to US personnel and can induce budget overruns rather than savings, disrupt civil-military relations, and have detrimental consequences for the American economy and society. The work concludes by proposing a useful rubric to evaluate this new American way of war. This work considers PMCs and their interdependence with regular and reserve military units in a broad sense. It derives from unclassified material widely available; understandably, these sources limit the analysis. Lessons learned from the Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) theaters may alter findings. However, this study endeavors to frame the continuing dialog concerning the appropriate use of PMCs to support regular troops."--Abstract from DTIC web site.

Download American Civil-Military Relations PDF

American Civil-Military Relations


Author :
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780801895050
Pages : 432 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (55 users download)

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Summary Book Review American Civil-Military Relations by Suzanne C. Nielsen:

Download or read book American Civil-Military Relations written by Suzanne C. Nielsen and published by Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM. This book was released on 2009-10-05 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: American Civil-Military Relations offers the first comprehensive assessment of the subject since the publication of Samuel P. Huntington’s The Soldier and the State. Using this seminal work as a point of departure, experts in the fields of political science, history, and sociology ask what has been learned and what more needs to be investigated in the relationship between civilian and military sectors in the 21st century. Leading scholars—such as Richard Betts, Risa Brooks, James Burk, Michael Desch, Peter Feaver, Richard Kohn, Williamson Murray, and David Segal—discuss key issues, including: • changes in officer education since the end of the Cold War • shifting conceptions of military expertise in response to evolving operational and strategic requirements • increased military involvement in high-level politics • the domestic and international contexts of U.S. civil-military relations. The first section of the book provides contrasting perspectives of American civil-military relations within the last five decades. The next section addresses Huntington’s conception of societal and functional imperatives and their influence on the civil-military relationship. Following sections examine relationships between military and civilian leaders and describe the norms and practices that should guide those interactions. What is clear from the essays in this volume is that the line between civil and military expertise and responsibility is not that sharply drawn, and perhaps given the increasing complexity of international security issues, it should not be. When forming national security policy, the editors conclude, civilian and military leaders need to maintain a respectful and engaged dialogue. Essential reading for those interested in civil-military relations, U.S. politics, and national security policy.

Download Inside Defense PDF

Inside Defense


Author :
Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105131733409
Pages : 300 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review Inside Defense by Derek S. Reveron:

Download or read book Inside Defense written by Derek S. Reveron and published by Palgrave MacMillan. This book was released on 2008-06-15 with total page 300 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, humanitarian relief operations in Southeast Asia, Pakistan and Louisiana have catapulted the military onto front pages and TV reports everywhere and every day. While the military’s unique mission is to defend freedom by “fighting and winning the nation’s wars”, it has increasingly been charged with non-warfighting and foreign policy responsibilities. Because the military has been so active in so many places and with such a variety of missions, Inside Defense brings together scholars, policy experts and practitioners to provide a comprehensive view of the U.S. military to understand the military’s role in international politics and its relationship with domestic institutions and society.

Download The Gulf Wars and the United States PDF

The Gulf Wars and the United States


Author :
Publisher : Praeger
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UCSC:32106019810198
Pages : 167 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review The Gulf Wars and the United States by Orrin Schwab:

Download or read book The Gulf Wars and the United States written by Orrin Schwab and published by Praeger. This book was released on 2009 with total page 167 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Schwab explores the strategic, political, and operational aspects of the Gulf Wars between 1990-2003, and how U.S. grand strategy in those conflicts contributed to the rise of the American state as an institutional force at the start of the 21st century.

Download Between War and Peace PDF

Between War and Peace


Author :
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781439194621
Pages : 386 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (462 users download)

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Summary Book Review Between War and Peace by Matthew Moten:

Download or read book Between War and Peace written by Matthew Moten and published by Simon and Schuster. This book was released on 2012-01-10 with total page 386 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A U.S. Military Academy historian analyzes America's exit strategies in conflicts ranging from the American Revolution to the Gulf War, providing fifteen essays by leading authorities to offer insight into each war's goals, campaigns, and legacies.

Download Crisis, Agency, and Law in US Civil-Military Relations PDF

Crisis, Agency, and Law in US Civil-Military Relations


Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319535265
Pages : 227 pages
File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (526 users download)

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Summary Book Review Crisis, Agency, and Law in US Civil-Military Relations by Daniel Maurer:

Download or read book Crisis, Agency, and Law in US Civil-Military Relations written by Daniel Maurer and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-05-18 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book develops a responsible and practical method for evaluating the success, failure, or “crisis” of American civil-military relations among its political and uniformed elite. The author’s premise is that currently there is no objectively fair way for the public at large or the strategic-level elites to assess whether the critical and often obscured relationships between Generals, Admirals, and Statesmen function as they ought to under the US constitutional system. By treating these relationships—in form and practice—as part of a wider principal (civilian)-agency (military) dynamic, the book tracks the “duties”—care, competence, diligence, confidentiality, scope of responsibility—and perceived shortcomings in the interactions between US civilian political authorities and their military advisors in both peacetime and in war.

Download Complex Peace Operations and Civil-Military Relations PDF

Complex Peace Operations and Civil-Military Relations


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781134009350
Pages : 232 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (935 users download)

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Summary Book Review Complex Peace Operations and Civil-Military Relations by Robert Egnell:

Download or read book Complex Peace Operations and Civil-Military Relations written by Robert Egnell and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2009-05-13 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the impact of different civil-military structures on operational effectiveness in complex peace operations. Recent operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia are examples of grand failures to enforce peace and to promote democracy and development through international interventions. A missing variable in analyses of these conflicts hitherto has been the nature of the civil-military interface and its impact. The principal argument of this book is that the civil-military interface should ideally be integrated within the interagency arena as well as within the defence ministry. Such integration has the potential to provide joint civil-military planning and comprehensive approaches to operations. It also creates mutual trust and understanding amongst officers and civil servants from different departments, agencies and units, and thereby, a co-operative interagency culture. For the civil-military interface to function effectively within the chain of command during operations, a co-operative culture of trust is essential. Crucially, structurally and culturally integrated civil-military structures are likely to provide a more balanced view of the functional imperative of the armed forces. The results are armed forces fit for whatever purpose the political leadership decides for them - including complex peace support operations. Empirically, the book applies the theoretical framework to a comparative study of US and British patterns of civil-military relations, their strategic cultures and their operations in Iraq. This book will be of much interest to students of peace operations, civil-military relations, humanitarian intervention, and security studies/IR in general. Robert Egnell is a lecturer in War Studies at the Swedish National Defence College and a senior researcher at the Swedish Defence Research Agency. He was awarded the 2008 Kenneth N. Waltz Dissertation Prize for the best thesis in the field of international security.

Download The Challenge of Nation-Building PDF

The Challenge of Nation-Building


Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781442236950
Pages : 290 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (695 users download)

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Summary Book Review The Challenge of Nation-Building by Rebecca Patterson:

Download or read book The Challenge of Nation-Building written by Rebecca Patterson and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2014-09-17 with total page 290 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Challenge of Nation-Building examines the conditions that have allowed or prevented the U.S. Army to innovate for nation-building effectively. By doing so, it shows how military leadership and civil-military relations have changed.

Download Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror PDF

Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror


Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781628929621
Pages : 224 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (962 users download)

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Summary Book Review Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror by Alastair Finlan:

Download or read book Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror written by Alastair Finlan and published by Bloomsbury Publishing USA. This book was released on 2014-06-19 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror offers an in-depth analysis of US/UK military strategy in Afghanistan and Iraq from 2001 to the present day. It explores the development of contemporary military strategy in the West in the modern age before interrogating its application in the Global War on Terror. The book provides detailed insights into the formulation of military plans by political and military elites in the United States and United Kingdom for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Alastair Finlan highlights the challenges posed by each of these unique theatres of operation, the nature of the diverse enemies faced by coalition forces, and the shortcomings in strategic thinking about these campaigns. This fresh perspective on strategy in the West and how it has been applied in recent military campaigns facilitates a deep understanding of how wars have been and will be fought. Including key terms, concepts and discussion questions for each chapter, Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror is a crucial text in strategic studies, and required reading for anyone interested in the new realities of transnational terrorism and twenty-first century warfare.

Download American Force PDF

American Force


Author :
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780231151238
Pages : 386 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (123 users download)

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Summary Book Review American Force by Richard K. Betts:

Download or read book American Force written by Richard K. Betts and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2013-09-01 with total page 386 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: While American national security policy has grown more interventionist since the Cold War, Washington has also hoped to shape the world on the cheap. Misled by the stunning success against Iraq in 1991, administrations of both parties have pursued ambitious aims with limited force, committing the country’s military frequently yet often hesitantly, with inconsistent justification. These ventures have produced strategic confusion, unplanned entanglements, and indecisive results. This collection of essays by Richard K. Betts, a leading international politics scholar, investigates the use of American force since the end of the Cold War, suggesting guidelines for making it more selective and successful. Betts brings his extensive knowledge of twentieth century American diplomatic and military history to bear on the full range of theory and practice in national security, surveying the Cold War roots of recent initiatives and arguing that U.S. policy has always been more unilateral than liberal theorists claim. He exposes mistakes made by humanitarian interventions and peace operations; reviews the issues raised by terrorism and the use of modern nuclear, biological, and cyber weapons; evaluates the case for preventive war, which almost always proves wrong; weighs the lessons learned from campaigns in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Vietnam; assesses the rise of China and the resurgence of Russia; quells concerns about civil-military relations; exposes anomalies within recent defense budgets; and confronts the practical barriers to effective strategy. Betts ultimately argues for greater caution and restraint, while encouraging more decisive action when force is required, and he recommends a more dispassionate assessment of national security interests, even in the face of global instability and unfamiliar threats.

Download The American Culture of War PDF

The American Culture of War


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781136454325
Pages : 585 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (432 users download)

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Summary Book Review The American Culture of War by Adrian R. Lewis:

Download or read book The American Culture of War written by Adrian R. Lewis and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-10-24 with total page 585 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The American Culture of War presents a sweeping, critical examination of every major American war of the late 20th century: World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the First and Second Persian Gulf Wars, through to Operation Enduring Freedom. Lewis deftly traces the evolution of US military strategy, offering an original and provocative look at the motives people and governments used to wage war, the debates among military personnel, the flawed political policies that guided military strategy, and the civilian perceptions that characterized each conflict. Now in its second edition, The American Culture of War has been completely revised and updated. New features include: Completely revised and updated chapters structured to facilitate students’ ability to compare conflicts New chapters on Operation Iraqi Freedom and the current conflict in Afghanistan New conclusion discussing the American culture of war and the future of warfare Over fifty maps, photographs, and images to help students visualize material Expanded companion website with additional pedagogical material for both students and researchers. The American Culture of War is a unique and invaluable survey of over seventy years of American military history, perfect for any student of America’s modern wars. For additional information and classroom resources please visit The American Culture of War companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/lewis.

Download U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2004-2008 PDF

U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2004-2008


Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015087420942
Pages : 314 pages
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Rating : 4./5 ( users download)

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Summary Book Review U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2004-2008 by :

Download or read book U.S. Marines in Iraq, 2004-2008 written by and published by . This book was released on 2010 with total page 314 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The selections in this collection include journalistic accounts, scholarly essays, and Marine Corps summaries of action. Our intent is to provide a general overview to educate Marines and the general public about this critical period in the history of the U.S. Marine Corps, the United States, and Iraq. Many of the conclusions are provisional and are being updated and revised as new information and archival resources become available. The accompanying annotated bibliography provides a detailed overview of where current scholarship on the period currently stands"--Foreword.

Download Our Army PDF

Our Army


Author :
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781400832170
Pages : 287 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (217 users download)

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Summary Book Review Our Army by Jason K. Dempsey:

Download or read book Our Army written by Jason K. Dempsey and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2009-12-07 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Conventional wisdom holds that the American military is overwhelmingly conservative and Republican, and extremely political. Our Army paints a more complex picture, demonstrating that while army officers are likely to be more conservative, rank-and-file soldiers hold political views that mirror those of the American public as a whole, and army personnel are less partisan and politically engaged than most civilians. Assumptions about political attitudes in the U.S. Army are based largely on studies focusing on the senior ranks, yet these senior officers comprise only about 6 percent of America's fighting force. Jason Dempsey provides the first random-sample survey that also covers the social and political attitudes held by enlisted men and women in the army. Uniting these findings with those from another unique survey he conducted among cadets at the United States Military Academy on the eve of the 2004 presidential election, Dempsey offers the most detailed look yet at how service members of all ranks approach politics. He shows that many West Point cadets view political conservatism as part of being an officer, raising important questions about how the army indoctrinates officers politically. But Dempsey reveals that the rank-and-file army is not nearly as homogeneous as we think--or as politically active--and that political attitudes across the ranks are undergoing a substantial shift. Our Army adds needed nuance to our understanding of a profession that seems increasingly distant from the average American.

Download Endurance and War PDF

Endurance and War


Author :
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780804790727
Pages : 328 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (72 users download)

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Summary Book Review Endurance and War by Jasen J. Castillo:

Download or read book Endurance and War written by Jasen J. Castillo and published by Stanford University Press. This book was released on 2014-04-09 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scholars and military practitioners alike have long sought to understand why some country's militaries fight hard when facing defeat while others collapse. In Endurance and War, Jasen Castillo presents a new unifying theory—cohesion theory—to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power. His argument builds on insights from the literatures on group solidarity in general and military effectiveness in particular, which argue that the stronger the ties binding together individuals in a group of any kind, the higher the degree of cohesion that a group will exhibit when taking collective action, including fighting in war. Specifically, he argues that two types of ties determine the cohesion, and therefore the resilience, of a nation's armed forces during war: the degree of control a regime holds over its citizens and the amount of autonomy the armed forces possess to focus on training for warfighting. Understanding why armed forces differ in their cohesion should help U.S. military planners better assess the military capabilities of potential adversaries, like Iran and North Korea. For scholars of international politics, cohesion theory can help provide insights into how countries create military power and how they win wars.

Download The Routledge Handbook of Civil-military Relations PDF

The Routledge Handbook of Civil-military Relations


Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780415782739
Pages : 402 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (273 users download)

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Summary Book Review The Routledge Handbook of Civil-military Relations by Thomas C. Bruneau:

Download or read book The Routledge Handbook of Civil-military Relations written by Thomas C. Bruneau and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013 with total page 402 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Routledge Handbook of Civil-Military Relations not only fills this important lacuna, but offers an up-to-date comparative analysis which identifies three essential components in civil-military relations: (1) democratic civilian control; (2) operational effectiveness; and (3) the efficiency of the security institutions. This Handbook will be essential reading for students and practitioners in the fields of civil-military relations.

Download America’s War against Global Jihad PDF

America’s War against Global Jihad


Author :
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781498575317
Pages : 418 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (531 users download)

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Summary Book Review America’s War against Global Jihad by William R. Nester:

Download or read book America’s War against Global Jihad written by William R. Nester and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2018-03-06 with total page 418 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book analyzes America’s crusade against Jihadism. It addresses the successes and failures of Washington’s counter-Jihadist strategy before and after September 11, and explores whether the United States should stay the course or cut its losses in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere.