Summary Book Review Authority and Benevolence by Joe C. B. Leung:
Download or read book Authority and Benevolence written by Joe C. B. Leung and published by Chinese University Press. This book was released on 1995 with total page 198 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides the first comprehensive account of social welfare developments in the People's Republic of China, from the 'iron rice bowl' social security system established as an intrinsic part of the Chinese Communist regime to fundamental welfare changes brought about by current efforts to modernise China.
Summary Book Review Authority and Welfare in China by M. Twohey:
Download or read book Authority and Welfare in China written by M. Twohey and published by Springer. This book was released on 1998-12-07 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book describes the relationship between political authoritarianism and people's welfare in modern China. Based on a study of Chinese political discourse from the 1898 reform period to the present, the book demonstrates that support for authoritarian rule in modern China is best understood when compared to ancient political traditions of authority and welfare that were established in China's late Zhou dynasty by the Confucian philosopher Xunzi (298-238 BC).
Summary Book Review Design of a developing Welfare System in the People's Republic of China. What kind of System do the Social Policies represent? by Kolja Bockermann:
Download or read book Design of a developing Welfare System in the People's Republic of China. What kind of System do the Social Policies represent? written by Kolja Bockermann and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2020-10-27 with total page 17 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Seminar paper from the year 2020 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 1,0, Bielefeld University (Fakultät für Soziologie), course: Social Policy of Developing and Transitioning Countries, language: English, abstract: This work discusses the Welfare System of the People's Republic of China. Chinas economy rose in the 1990 and developed into the worlds largest producer of goods. Furthermore it became increasingly influential in world politics so China started to join the family of countries which have a reasonable and widely available comprehensive System of social protection and welfare. They managed to grand their citizen the ability to prosper and providing basic needs, as well as fundamental social support. In 2010, the National Peoples Congress adopted the first national Social Insurance Law, representing the Culmination of a process of radical social reform and fundamental change in the sphere of Governmental Activities. To Represent the different Goals and Policies of the Welfare System being build in China it is important to understand what kind of welfare regime is being build in the Peoples Republic of China. China has been a politically unique Country over the last 75 Years. It is one of only five remaining communist states in the world, besides Laos, Cuba, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Vietnam and besides some notable economical achievements from Vietnam, China is the only Communist State which had been economically Successful. The Characteristics of a Communist State include centralized Power in the hands of a party elite which is presumably motivated, to act in varying degrees by some kind of socialist ideology of statism and social justice. While the Peoples Republic of China has maintained its political uniqueness, the economic uniqueness of China shed over the last centuries. Mostly because China turned its back on isolationism and adopted due to Reform and Opening Up in the late 1970 and an open socialist market economy, this was enabled by following the Ideology of Deng Xiaopings „Reformation and Modernization“ Polices commonly know as Ideology in Chinese Politics, this Phase still has not Ended regarding to the Communist Party of the Peoples Republic of China Ideology.
Summary Book Review Assessing the Balance of Power in Central-Local Relations in China by John Donaldson:
Download or read book Assessing the Balance of Power in Central-Local Relations in China written by John Donaldson and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-01 with total page 248 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How do we understand the evolution of central-local relations in China during the reform period? This book addresses this question by focusing on eight separate issues in which the central-local relationship has been especially salient – government finance, investment control, regional development, administrative zoning, implementation, culture, social welfare and international relations. Each chapter introduces a sector and the way the center and various local governments have shared or divided power over the different periods of China’s reform era. The balance of power is gauged dynamically over time to measure the extent to which one level of government dominates, influences or shares power in making decisions in each of these particular domains, as well as what is likely to occur in the foreseeable future. The authors assess the winners and losers of these changes among key actors in China’s society. The result provides a dynamic view of China’s changing power relations.
Summary Book Review The Political Economy of Making and Implementing Social Policy in China by Jiwei Qian:
Download or read book The Political Economy of Making and Implementing Social Policy in China written by Jiwei Qian and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-09-28 with total page 205 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the institutional factors in social policymaking and implementation in China. From the performance evaluation system for local cadres to the intergovernmental fiscal system, local policy experimentation, logrolling among government departments, and the “top-level” design, there are a number of factors that make policy in China less than straightforward. The book argues that it is bureaucratic incentive structure lead to a fragmented and stratified welfare system in China. Using a variety of Chinese- and English-language sources, including central and local government documents, budgetary data, household surveys, media databases, etc., this book covers the development of China’s pensions, health insurance, unemployment insurance, and social assistance programs since the 1990s, with a focus on initiatives since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Providing a deeper understanding of policymaking and implementation in China, this book interests scholars of public administration, political economy, Asian politics, and social development.
Summary Book Review Social Policy in China by Chan, Chak Kwan:
Download or read book Social Policy in China written by Chan, Chak Kwan and published by Policy Press. This book was released on 2008-02-13 with total page 234 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This much-needed new textbook introduces readers to the development of China's welfare polices since its conception of an open-door policy in 1978. Setting out basic concepts and issues, including key terms and the process of policy making, it overcomes a major barrier to understanding Chinese social policy. The book explores in detail the five key policy areas of employment, social security, health, education and housing. Each is examined using a human well-being framework comprising both qualitative and quantitative data and eight dimensions: physical and psychological well-being, social integration, fulfilment of caring duties, human learning and development, self-determination, equal value and just polity. This enables the authors to provide not only factual information on policies but also an in-depth understanding of the impact of welfare changes on the quality of life of Chinese people over the past three decades. A major strength of the book lies in its use of primary Chinese language sources, including relevant White Papers, central and local government policy documents, academic research studies and newspapers for each policy area. There are very few books in English on social policy in China, and this book will be welcomed both by academics and students of China and East Asian studies and comparative social policy and by those who want to know more about China's social development.
Summary Book Review Handbook of Welfare in China by B. Carrillo:
Download or read book Handbook of Welfare in China written by B. Carrillo and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2017-07-28 with total page 459 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Handbook is a timely compilation dedicated to exploring a rare diversity of perspectives and content on the development, successes, reforms and challenges within China’s contemporary welfare system. It showcases an extensive introduction and 20 original chapters by leading and emerging area specialists who explore a century of welfare provision from the Nationalist era, up to and concentrating on economic reform and marketisation (1978 to the present). Organised around five key concerns (social security and welfare; emerging issues and actors; gaps; future challenges) chapters draw on original case-based research from diverse disciplines and perspectives, engage existing literature and further key debates.
Summary Book Review Employment of Miss B Power in Social Welfare Work in China by :
Download or read book Employment of Miss B Power in Social Welfare Work in China written by and published by . This book was released on 2014 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Rural Welfare in China by Yi Pan:
Download or read book Rural Welfare in China written by Yi Pan and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-06-14 with total page 223 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This comprehensive reference views China’s welfare system through a cultural-historical lens to integrate its complex story into the global study of welfare. Focusing on the mainland’s vast, mainly rural population and its long and complicated history, it analyzes rural welfare from the imperial dynasties, to the socialist planned economy under Mao Zedong, to its recent history in the current market economy. Findings from government and academics explore salient topics such as urban/rural inequity, the situation of migrant workers, change of social security system, the community development of the countryside, and the relationships of rural welfare policy with social structure, cultural background, economic development and political institution. This broad and deep knowledge gives readers the tools necessary for understanding the relationship of China’s unique and nuanced past to its prominent status in the evolving global economy. Among the book’s topics: “p> Welfare studies in the West and China Welfare practice in the period of 1840-1949 Creation of the Socialist Welfare System: socialist reformation and construction The Social Security system in rural China, 1979-1998 Re-collectivized process in welfare and economy Welfare’s political contexts: rural grass-roots democracy With its accessible, up-to-date coverage and holistic approach to its subject, Rural Welfare in China will find a diverse interested audience, including sociologists, political economists, and social policymakers.
Summary Book Review NGOs and Accountability in China by Jude Howell:
Download or read book NGOs and Accountability in China written by Jude Howell and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-05-15 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates how NGOs in authoritarian states, such as China, craft accountability and legitimacy to ensure their survival. It explores this through the lens of child welfare organisations from 2007 to 2017. The authors provide a fresh approach to accountability that is more attuned to the particular conditions of authoritarianism. The project explores the effects of power relations in shaping the hierarchies of accountability and participation that emerge and the attention given to different voices such as those of donor, government, and users. Essential reading for researchers and policy makers interested in development, NGO, social policy, political science, and child welfare studies.
Summary Book Review Understanding Chinese GDP by Xuguang Song:
Download or read book Understanding Chinese GDP written by Xuguang Song and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2019-12-04 with total page 355 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides in-depth analyses on accounting methods of GDP, statistic calibers and comparative perspectives on Chinese GDP. Beginning with an exploration of international comparisons of GDP, the book introduces the theoretical backgrounds, data sources, algorithms of the exchange rate method and the purchasing power parity method and discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and the latest developments in the two methods. This book further elaborates on the reasons for the imperfections of the Chinese GDP data including limitations of current statistical techniques and the accounting system, as well as the relatively confusing statistics for the service industry. The authors then make suggestions for improvement. Finally, the authors emphasize that evaluation of a country’s economy and social development should not be solely limited to GDP, but should focus more on indicators of the comprehensive national power, national welfare, and the people’s livelihood. This book will be of interest to economists, China-watchers, and scholars of geopolitics.
Download or read book China 2049 written by David Dollar and published by Brookings Institution Press. This book was released on 2020-06-09 with total page 420 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How will China reform its economy as it aspires to become the next economic superpower? It’s clear that China is the world’s next economic superpower. But what isn’t so clear is how China will get there by the middle of this century. It now faces tremendous challenges such as fostering innovation, dealing with ageing problem and coping with a less accommodative global environment. In this book, economists from China’s leading university and America’s best-known think tank offer in depth analyses of these challenges. Does China have enough talent and right policy and institutional mix to transit from input-driven to innovation-driven economy? What does ageing mean, in terms of labor supply, consumption demand and social welfare expenditure? Can China contain the environmental and climate change risks? How should the financial system be transformed in order to continuously support economic growth and keep financial risks under control? What fiscal reforms are required in order to balance between economic efficiency and social harmony? What roles should the state-owned enterprises play in the future Chinese economy? In addition, how will technological competition between the United States and China affect each country’s development? Will the Chinese yuan emerge as a major reserve currency, and would this destabilize the international financial system? What will be China’s role in the international economic institutions? And will the United States and other established powers accept a growing role for China and the rest of the developing world in the governance of global institutions such as the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund, or will the world devolve into competing blocs? This book provides unique insights into independent analyses and policy recommendations by a group of top Chinese and American scholars. Whether China succeeds or fails in economic reform will have a large impact, not just on China’s development, but also on stability and prosperity for the whole world.
Summary Book Review SOCIAL ASSISTANCE IN URBAN CHI by 黃晨熹:
Download or read book SOCIAL ASSISTANCE IN URBAN CHI written by 黃晨熹 and published by Open Dissertation Press. This book was released on 2017-01-27 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This dissertation, "Social Assistance in Urban China: a Case Study of Shanghai" by 黃晨熹, Chenxi, Huang, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: ABSTRACT Abstract of thesis entitled "SOCIAL ASSISTANCE IN URBAN CHINA: A CASE STUDY OF SHANGHAI" Submitted by Huang Chen-xi for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Hong Kong - in April 2003 Social assistance can be defined as means-tested benefits that target at the poor. On the basis of a case study in Shanghai, this thesis studies the social assistance program-Miriimum Living Standard Guarantee System (MLSGS) (zuidi shenghuo baozhang zhidu)-in urban China. The study considers the philosophy, structure and operation of this program, effectiveness in helping the poor, and reasons why it was introduced by the Chinese government. Based mainly on a qualitative approach of documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews, the study explores the main features of this program, identifies practice problems and policy areas in need of improvement, and makes recommendations for future development. China has a long history of social relief practice with meager and unreliable provision. For decades, the Socialist government had limited relief program to a small number of vulnerable groups, with the majority of population supported by an employment-based welfare system. However, market-oriented economic reform has dramatically eroded the traditional welfare system and rendered substantial low-income urban residents unable to obtain adequate income support. Widespread social unrest it has caused is regard as an important indicator ofthreat to social stability and political authority. The Chinese government establishes programs that benefit vocal groups-low-income employees and unemployed workers, both of whom are victims of economic reform-in order not only to alleviate poverty, but also maintain social stability. In Chinese politics, it is the presence of top-level sponsors and advocates that has been the absolutely vital impetus to push social assistance up the policy agenda of the government and speed up subsequent policy enforcement. The China's social assistance system is characterized by a meager benefit level, a stringent means test and work requirements, and localized and discretionary administration. The assistance level is defined at a subsistence level that accounts for between 20% and 40% of average disposable income in different city. The program is operated locally by individual city governments responsible for policy-making, financing, and administration, but is guided and supervised by the central government. Community-based agency is set to take the responsibility of daily administration. Complex and systematic procedure is established to ensure that benefits reach the truly needy and the deserving. In the case study of Shanghai, the more operational and structural details of the program have been outlined. More specifically, how the social assistance program is complemented by other types of benefits has thoroughly been explained. To provide a more vivid understanding of the operation, the case study of a street office gives the operation of the program in reality and how recipients perceive the program. These recipient cases reflect the background of urban poverty due to unemployment. Most of them have a poor understanding of program, report a limited support from assistance and, for the able-bodies cases, strive to be self-reliant. Regarding the operation of public monitoring, part of them are stigmatized, part are not. Finally, the study explores recommendation for program
Summary Book Review Economic Policies and Social Welfare in the 21st Century by Peter Wilson:
Download or read book Economic Policies and Social Welfare in the 21st Century written by Peter Wilson and published by . This book was released on 2009 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the last three decades, China and Thailand have undergone rapid economic growth and social change. Using theory, institutional analysis, and case studies, Economic Policies and Social Welfare in the 21st Century explores the challenges faced by the two countries during this period, such as how to compete in a world of volatile exchange rates and capital flows, how to open up the banking and communications sectors, environmental issues, and how to deal with social problems, such as health care and child rearing. Their responses through social and economic policies are then examined, including the transfer of technology, and fiscal and public policies.Social science students, teachers, and researchers, in both the government and private sectors, will find this book particularly relevant for understanding the process of growth and development in two of the most successful developing countries in the Asian region. Also available in the Gale Virtual Reference Library (eBook).eBook pricing varies according to the size of your institution. Please contact us for details.eBook ISBN-13: 9789814253697Available Now
Summary Book Review Marginalization and Social Welfare in China by Linda Wong:
Download or read book Marginalization and Social Welfare in China written by Linda Wong and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 1998-01 with total page 245 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examining how those claiming benefits fare under the existing social welfare care arrangements in China, this text is structured around four main issues: what are the characteristics of this system with regard to state policy, philosophical values, delivery systems and funding?; what determines the system's shape and scope?; what are the past and current challenges?; and what is the theoretical relevance of the Chinese experience? Linda Wong concludes that most claimants are denied the respect and help that is due to them and that many of the existing welfare values will be faced with ever greater challenges by the process of reform. The book provides a systematic analysis that defines and accounts for the contours and operation of China's welfare system.
Summary Book Review Remaking China's Public Management by Peter N. S. Lee:
Download or read book Remaking China's Public Management written by Peter N. S. Lee and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2001 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The editors and contributors to this unusual new book give a systematic analysis of public sector management, in a country of massive size, now in retreat from a centrally planned economy. They show that China's public management has its own distinctive characteristics, and is much more than a simple extension of business management. They make clear that China's efforts at reform are rooted in the fundamental deficiencies of the system. The result is a scholarly presentation of issues and controversies and a probing discussion of how each new managerial alternative might actually work, while assessing all of them in their cultural and institutional contexts. The book is thus an important insight into China and how its public sector operates, intended for professionals in international development, finance, banking, government, politics, and their academic counterparts.
Summary Book Review Welfare, Environment, and Changing US-Chinese Relations by Maria Weber:
Download or read book Welfare, Environment, and Changing US-Chinese Relations written by Maria Weber and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2004-01-01 with total page 181 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'This well-organised, well-presented collection of essays on contemporary China not only offers a useful compendium for those who want a concentrated overview of the mainland's development, but also provides some closely-argued pointers to where the country is heading. . . the collection's editor, Maria Weber, offers an excellent introduction as well as a conclusion and an analysis of Chinese-American relations.' - Jonathan Fenby, Asian Affairs By adopting a wide-ranging perspective, this book addresses the key issues relevant to contemporary China, providing a valuable tool with which to understand the challenges and opportunities facing political and economic actors, both domestic and foreign, over the next decades. the book addresses key issues now subject to considerable debate, such as sustainable growth, the imbalances in society deriving from growing inequalities and environmental threats. Concluding this section is an overview of how Chinese-US relations, and China's geo-political role at the international level, have evolved at the turn of the 21st century.