Summary Book Review Appreciating Local Knowledge by Elisabeth Kapferer:
Download or read book Appreciating Local Knowledge written by Elisabeth Kapferer and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2016-05-11 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the light of the globalization, (post-)modernization, social fragmentation, and economization of many of today’s living contexts, local knowledge is receiving increasing attention in various sciences. Commonly, local knowledge indicates a counterpart to both rational forms of an explicit knowledge of facts and knowledge of universal validity. Local knowledge attempts to appreciate a more comprehensive view of people’s skills, capabilities, experience, and sophistication. On the other hand, the reference to ‘local’ implies an idea of bounded applicability of knowledge in a specific environment. Beyond this scope of application, local knowledge can be acknowledged either as instrumental in order to achieve specific goals or as an intrinsic value in order to deal with social relations, solidarity, common values and norms accordingly. Social and spatial settings are influential for everybody’s quality of life, personal identity, and political commitment – and local knowledge is the essential foundation in turning these settings into a vivid arena. This volume is a result of a two-day conference held in November 2013 in Salzburg, Austria, dedicated to bringing together researchers from different scientific disciplines, including sociology, philosophy, social geography, economics, history, interpersonal communication studies, cultural studies, and theology, in order to draw distinct trains of thought about local knowledge in a transdisciplinary fashion: the phenomenon, its epistemic and philosophical reflection, its methodological comprehension, and its practical application.
Summary Book Review Local knowledge matters by Nugroho, Kharisma:
Download or read book Local knowledge matters written by Nugroho, Kharisma and published by Policy Press. This book was released on 2018-07-04 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. This book explores the critical role that local knowledge plays in public policy processes as well as its role in the co-production of policy relevant knowledge with the scientific and professional communities. The authors consider the mechanisms used by local organisations and the constraints and opportunities they face, exploring what the knowledge-to-policy process means, who is involved and how different communities can engage in the policy process. Ten diverse case studies are used from around Indonesia, addressing issues such as forest management, water resources, maritime resource management and financial services. By making extensive use of quotes from the field, the book allows the reader to ‘hear’ the perspectives and beliefs of community members around local knowledge and its effects on individual and community life.
Summary Book Review Spatial Information in Local Knowledge (Penerbit USM) by Tarmiji Masron:
Download or read book Spatial Information in Local Knowledge (Penerbit USM) written by Tarmiji Masron and published by Penerbit USM. This book was released on 2015-12-30 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is an eclectic collection of articles written in English that explores the assimilation of spatial information technology (SIT) such as remote sensing, global positioning system, geographic information system and maps to enhance and sustained the local knowledge. The goal to SIT integration is to make the invisible knowledge visible and beneficial to be used by others. It is a technology that transfers the local knowledge from owners into the form of maps and analysis. The maps play a key role in locating the presence of different local knowledge thus, help stakeholders in future planning, development and resource allocation. The editors have chosen topics to embody the SIT in multidisciplinary nature of local knowledge in this region.
Summary Book Review Local Knowledge for a Globalized World (Penerbit USM) by Norizan Esa:
Download or read book Local Knowledge for a Globalized World (Penerbit USM) written by Norizan Esa and published by Penerbit USM. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Local knowledge refers to knowledge and expertise, which originate from local and indigenous cultures that have developed over time. Its practices have been absorbed naturally and effortlessly into the local communities. However, due to globalization and modernization, much of this knowledge has not been practiced and will be lost in time if efforts are not taken to preserve, conserve and transfer it to the community. Through the discussion of six articles written based on local and international research findings, this book brings together researchers committed to local knowledge in sharing the process of documentation on local knowledge transfer issues and challenges, and the methodology of knowledge transfer. Thus, new ideas are presented to promote the practice of preserving and conserving local knowledge to the practitioners, students and communities.
Summary Book Review Investigating Local Knowledge by Paul Sillitoe:
Download or read book Investigating Local Knowledge written by Paul Sillitoe and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-05-23 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 2004. Local knowledge reflects many generations of experience and problem solving by people around the world, increasingly affected by globalizing forces. Such knowledge is far more sophisticated than development professionals previously assumed and, as such, represents an immensely valuable resource. A growing number of governments and international development agencies are recognizing that local-level knowledge and organizations offer the foundation for new participatory models of development that are both cost-effective and sustainable, and ecologically and socially sound. This book provides a timely overview of new directions and new approaches to investigating the role of rural communities in generating knowledge founded on their sophisticated understandings of their environments, devising mechanisms to conserve and sustain their natural resources, and establishing community-based organizations that serve as forums for identifying problems and dealing with them through local-level experimentation, innovation, and exchange of information with other societies. These studies show that development activities that work with and through local knowledge and organizations have several important advantages over projects that operate outside them. Local knowledge informs grassroots decision-making, much of which takes place through indigenous organizations and associations at the community level as people seek to identify and determine solutions to their problems.
Summary Book Review Healing Knowledge in Atlantic Africa by Kalle Kananoja:
Download or read book Healing Knowledge in Atlantic Africa written by Kalle Kananoja and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2021-02-04 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this ambitious analysis of medical encounters in Central and West Africa during the era of the Atlantic slave trade, Kalle Kananoja focuses on African and European perceptions of health, disease and healing. Arguing that the period was characterised by continuous knowledge exchange, he shows that indigenous natural medicine was used by locals and non-Africans alike. The mobility and circulation of healing techniques and materials was an important feature of the early modern Black Atlantic world. African healing specialists not only crossed the Atlantic to the Americas, but also moved within and between African regions to offer their services. At times, patients, Europeans included, travelled relatively long distances in Africa to receive treatment. Highlighting cross-cultural medical exchanges, Kananoja shows that local African knowledge was central to shaping responses to illness, providing a fresh, global perspective on African medicine and vernacular science in the early modern world.
Summary Book Review Dimensions of Community-Based Projects in Health Care by Steven L. Arxer:
Download or read book Dimensions of Community-Based Projects in Health Care written by Steven L. Arxer and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-09-19 with total page 132 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This salient reference grounds readers in the theoretical basis and day-to-day practice of community-based health care programs, and their potential as a transformative force in public health. Centering around concepts of self-determination, empowerment, and inclusiveness, the book details the roles of physicians, research, and residents in the transition to self-directed initiatives and greater community control. Community-focused interventions and methods, starting with genuine dialogue between practitioners and residents, are discussed as keys to understanding local voice and worldview, and recognizing residents as active participants and not simply targets of service delivery. And coverage pays careful attention to training issues, including how clinicians can become involved in community-based care without neglecting individual patient needs. Among the topics covered are: Narrative medicine in the context of community-based practice. Qualitative and participatory action research. Health committees as a community-based strategy. Dialogue, world entry, and community-based intervention. Politics of knowledge in community-based work. Training physicians with communities. Dimensions of Community-Based Projects in Health Care challenges sociologists, social workers, and public health administrators to look beyond traditional biomedical concepts of care and naturalistic methods of research, and toward more democratic programs, planning, and policy. The partnerships described in these pages reflect a deep commitment to patients’ lives, and to the future of public health.p>
Summary Book Review Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action by OECD:
Download or read book Providing Agri-environmental Public Goods through Collective Action written by OECD and published by OECD Publishing. This book was released on 2013-06-28 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries.
Summary Book Review Indigenous Pathways Into Social Research by Donna M Mertens:
Download or read book Indigenous Pathways Into Social Research written by Donna M Mertens and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-06-03 with total page 414 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A new generation of indigenous researchers is taking its place in the world of social research in increasing numbers. These scholars provide new insights into communities under the research gaze and offer new ways of knowing to traditional scholarly models. They also move the research community toward more sensitive and collaborative practices. But it comes at a cost. Many in this generation have met with resistance or indifference in their journeys through the academic system and in the halls of power. They also often face ethical quandaries or even strong opposition from their own communities. The life stories in this book present the journeys of over 30 indigenous researchers from six continents and many different disciplines. They show, in their own words, the challenges, paradoxes, and oppression they have faced, their strategies for overcoming them, and how their work has produced more meaningful research and a more just society.
Summary Book Review Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy by Jonathan O. Chimakonam:
Download or read book Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy written by Jonathan O. Chimakonam and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-11-06 with total page 353 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a collection of chapters about contemporary issues within African philosophy. They are issues African philosophy must grapple with to demonstrate its readiness to make a stand against some of the challenges society faces in the coming decade such as xenophobia, Afro-phobia, extreme poverty, democratic failure and migration. The text covers new methodical directions and there is focus on the conversationalist, complementarist and consolationist movements within the field as well as the place of the Indigenous Knowledge System.The collection speaks to African philosophy’s place in intellectual history with coverage of African Ethics and African socio-political philosophy. Contributors come from a variety of different backgrounds, institutions and countries. Through their innovative ideas, they provide fresh insight and intellectual energy. The book appeals to philosophy students and researchers.
Summary Book Review Smart Growth and Climate Change by Matthias Ruth:
Download or read book Smart Growth and Climate Change written by Matthias Ruth and published by Edward Elgar Publishing. This book was released on 2006-01-27 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'The consensus on global warming and its effects are now almost unanimous. Even those politicians with serious denial issues are converting. That said, the question becomes: How well does this book deal with urban sprawl and climate change? Professor Ruth is a master at organizing thought (and of creative thought... but an editor most needs the former). He has pulled together a very impressive list of experts from good institutions and organized their contributions to this subject in a meaningful, useful way. I think the coverage of the issue is both very competent and complete.' - Bruce Hannon, University of Illinois, Urbana, US This innovative volume systematically brings together two strands of applied research that, to date, have been carried out separately - 'smart growth' research and climate change adaptability research. By providing theory, models, and case studies from North America, Oceania and Europe, the book creates synergies between the two strands, reconciles differences, and provides insights for decision-makers at national and local levels.
Summary Book Review Participatory Learning and Action by Neela Mukherjee:
Download or read book Participatory Learning and Action written by Neela Mukherjee and published by Concept Publishing Company. This book was released on 2002 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Summary Book Review Putting the Poor First by Piera Waibel:
Download or read book Putting the Poor First written by Piera Waibel and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-09-08 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In order to make progress toward the UN Millennium Development Goals – and particularly in terms of poverty alleviation – business has a pivotal role to play: in terms of core business; purchasing products from the poor; employing them; and selling them affordable services and products. Serving the global 4 billion people at the base of the economic ladder – the Base of the Pyramid (BoP) – with suitable products and services is a new but growing field in research and practice. In the initial years, the focus of BoP was very much on selling products and services to a huge untapped market. Practitioners and academics focused on developing new distribution channels to reach the low-income markets and new technological solutions to address their needs. These first-generation "fortune-finding" approaches are now described as "business to four billion". Over the last few years, however, new priorities have gained prominence. This new value proposition can be framed as "business with four billion" and is "fortune-creating". So-called Next Generation, or BoP 2.0, strategies can bring companies and their target groups closer together. The goal is to co-create new business models as well as product and service solutions together with the target group. Integrating BoP into the innovation process – be it in terms of idea generation, product/service development, production or distribution/marketing – is seen as way to increase not only the impact on poverty alleviation, but also the benefits to the company. This paradigm shift – to co-creation or embedded innovation – in fact closely mirrors a shift previously made by development researchers who argued that the poor should no longer be viewed as the target of poverty reduction efforts, but as partners in, and an asset to, the development process. Bottom-up development approaches – such as Participation, Community-Driven Development, Empowerment, Asset-Based Community Development or Local Knowledge – emphasize the role of the poor and see them as central to the design and implementation of the development process. Even though some BoP researchers consider selective parts of this knowledge in their research, a comprehensive study that rigorously examines BoP ventures from a bottom-up development perspective has not yet been completed. This book attempts to fill that gap. Putting the Poor First examines the applicability of different elements in the bottom-up development literature to the innovation process of BoP ventures. It unveils connections between the two approaches and builds a theoretical base for the case study research. With three in-depth case studies and eight companies participating in a survey, the current state and experiences of businesses applying a bottom-up development perspective with BoP ventures in Latin America and the Caribbean is analysed. The elements of a bottom-up development perspective applied in BoP practice can be grouped into three categories: drivers for choosing a bottom-up development perspective in BoP ventures (e.g. such that products and services are more readily accepted); circumstances that help or hinder the application of a bottom-up development perspective in BoP ventures (e.g. the acceptance of the company by communities or previous experiences with poverty alleviation projects); and success factors when choosing a bottom-up development perspective in BoP ventures (e.g. the importance of power structures, pluralism and self-esteem). The many recommendations, such as empowering the poor by encouraging co-creation and outsourcing innovation, fill gaps in theory, support practitioners and lay the foundations for further research. This will be a key book for BoP researchers and practitioners on the ground. The reconnection of development approaches with BoP strategies puts the poor first.
Summary Book Review Organizational, Business, and Technological Aspects of the Knowledge Society by Miltiadis D. Lytras:
Download or read book Organizational, Business, and Technological Aspects of the Knowledge Society written by Miltiadis D. Lytras and published by Springer. This book was released on 2010-09-27 with total page 539 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: It is a great pleasure to share with you the Springer CCIS 112 proceedings of the Third World Summit on the Knowledge Society––WSKS 2010––that was organized by the International Scientific Council for the Knowledge Society, and supported by the Open Research Society, NGO, (http://www.open-knowledge-society.org) and the Int- national Journal of the Knowledge Society Research, (http://www.igi-global.com/ijksr), and took place in Aquis Corfu Holiday Palace Hotel, on Corfu island, Greece, September 22–24, 2010. The Third World Summit on the Knowledge Society (WSKS 2010) was an inter- tional scientific event devoted to promoting the dialogue on the main aspects of the knowledge society towards a better world for all. The multidimensional economic and social crisis of the last couple years brings to the fore the need to discuss in depth new policies and strategies for a human-centric developmental process in the global c- text. This annual summit brings together key stakeholders of knowledge society dev- opment worldwide, from academia, industry, government, policy makers, and active citizens to look at the impact and prospects of it information technology, and the knowledge-based era it is creating, on key facets of living, working, learning, innovating, and collaborating in today’s hyper-complex world.
Summary Book Review Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction by Rajib Shaw:
Download or read book Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction written by Rajib Shaw and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2014-04-10 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Civil society organizations (CSOs) have played important roles over the years in the disaster field. Starting from the traditional approach of response and relief, the emphasis has gradually shifted to disaster risk reduction. From international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to national and local NGOs, all stakeholders have recognized the significance of and need for community-based risk reduction. In their different capacities they have endeavored to establish links to the policy options at the local and national levels. There still are many issues that remain untouched by CSOs, however, and local CSOs face special challenges in resources in terms of human, financial, and technical issues. Drawing examples from Asia, this book is structured on the roles of CSOs according to the Hyogo Framework for Action priority areas: policy making, risk assessment, education and training, underlying risk factors, and response–recovery. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of environment, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The book provides a clear view of the current trends of research in the field and furnishes basic knowledge on these important topics. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the knowledge collected here to policy and decision making.
Summary Book Review Aesthetics of the Natural Environment by Brady Emily Brady:
Download or read book Aesthetics of the Natural Environment written by Brady Emily Brady and published by Edinburgh University Press. This book was released on 2019-06-01 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the first systematic account of aesthetics in relation to the natural environment, Emily Brady provides critical understanding of what aesthetic appreciation of nature involves and develops her own distinctive aesthetic theory. In particular, she develops a theory of aesthetic appreciation which integrates subjective and objective approaches. Among the topics discussed which bring together philosophical aesthetics and environmental philosophy are: *The nature of aesthetic experience*Aesthetic value*Theories of aesthetic appreciation of nature*Art and environment*Imagination, emotion and meaning in aesthetic appreciation of nature*The justification of aesthetic judgements of nature*The intersection between aesthetic and ethical value*The role of aesthetics in nature conservation and environmental policyIn providing a thorough account of the literature together with original critical insights this book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in environmental philosophy and aesthetics as well as those in geography, landscape architecture, art theory and sociology.Features:*Offers a new approach to the subject*Provides a solid grounding in environmental aesthetics*Connects with ecological issues, conservation and environmental planning
Summary Book Review The State, Schooling and Identity by Kari Kantasalmi:
Download or read book The State, Schooling and Identity written by Kari Kantasalmi and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-12-22 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book offers insights into the relationship between nation-state and education by problematizing and analyzing the assumed straightforwardness of the role of education and schooling. Placing the issue in very contemporary contested nation-state structures like Scotland, Catalonia, Ukraine and Belgium. These conflict situations and contested power relations are in a way some of Europe’s internal North-South struggles. In addition, the particular Nordic North-South example of the Saami with their status as indigenous people recognized in international law is viewed in terms of their educational struggle for better consideration of their cultural features in Saami land crossing the Nordic states. The book focuses on the Nordic countries, often viewed as globally exemplary in their educational arrangements, but casts deeper insight into Nordic education and points to problematic schooling issues in Northern Europe. This volume presents somewhat unexpected views on European educational arrangements with regard to the European growing diversity.