Summary Book Review A History of War Crimes Trials in Post 1945 Asia-Pacific by Zhaoqi Cheng:
Download or read book A History of War Crimes Trials in Post 1945 Asia-Pacific written by Zhaoqi Cheng and published by Springer. This book was released on 2019-06-06 with total page 358 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Written by the Director of the Tokyo Trial Research Centre at China's Shanghai Jiao Tong University, this book provides a unique analysis of war crime trials in Asia-Pacific after World War II. It offers a comprehensive review of key events during this period, covering preparations for the Trial, examining the role of the War Crimes Commission of the United Nations as well as offering a new analysis of the trial itself. Addressing the question of conventional war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against peace (such as the Pearl Harbor Incident) and violations of warfare law, it follows up with a discussion of post-trial events and the fate of war criminals on trial. Additionally, it examines other Japanese war crime trials which happened in Asia, as well as considering the legacy of the Tokyo trial itself, and the foundation of a new Post-War International Order in East Asia.
Summary Book Review The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal by David Cohen:
Download or read book The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal written by David Cohen and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018-11-22 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Like its Nuremberg counterpart, the Tokyo Trial was foundational in the field of international law. However, until now, the persistent notion of 'victor's justice' in the existing historical literature has made it difficult to treat it as such. David Cohen and Yuma Totani seek to redress this by cutting through persistent orthodoxies and ideologies that have plagued the trial. Instead they present it simply as a judicial process, and in so doing reveal its enduring importance for international jurisprudence. A wide range of primary sources are considered, including court transcripts, court exhibits, the majority judgment, and five separate concurring and dissenting opinions. The authors also provide comparative analysis of the Allied trials at Nuremberg, resulting in a comprehensive and empirically grounded study of the trial. The Tokyo Tribunal was a watershed moment in the history of the Asia-Pacific region. This groundbreaking study reveals it is of continuing relevance today.
Summary Book Review Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia, 1945-1956 by Kerstin von Lingen:
Download or read book Debating Collaboration and Complicity in War Crimes Trials in Asia, 1945-1956 written by Kerstin von Lingen and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-14 with total page 185 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This innovative volume examines the nexus between war crimes trials and the pursuit of collaborators in post-war Asia. Global standards of behaviour in time of war underpinned the prosecution of Japanese military personnel in Allied courts in Asia and the Pacific. Japan’s contradictory roles in the Second World War as brutal oppressor of conquered regions in Asia and as liberator of Asia from both Western colonialism and stultifying tradition set the stage for a tangled legal and political debate: just where did colonized and oppressed peoples owe their loyalties in time of war? And where did the balance of responsibility lie between individuals and nations? But global standards jostled uneasily with the pluralism of the Western colonial order in Asia, where legal rights depended on race and nationality. In the end, these limits led to profound dissatisfaction with the trials process, despite its vast scale and ambitious intentions, which has implications until today.
Summary Book Review Justice in Asia and the Pacific Region, 1945-1952 by Benjamin Straumann:
Download or read book Justice in Asia and the Pacific Region, 1945-1952 written by Benjamin Straumann and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-02-16 with total page 289 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Roman Law in the State of Nature offers a new interpretation of the foundations of Hugo Grotius' natural law theory. Surveying the significance of texts from classical antiquity, Benjamin Straumann argues that certain classical texts, namely Roman law and a specifically Ciceronian brand of Stoicism, were particularly influential for Grotius in the construction of his theory of natural law. The book asserts that Grotius, a humanist steeped in Roman law, had many reasons to employ Roman tradition and explains how Cicero's ethics and Roman law - secular and offering a doctrine of the freedom of the high seas - were ideally suited to provide the rules for Grotius' state of nature. This fascinating new study offers historians, classicists and political theorists a fresh account of the historical background of the development of natural rights, natural law and of international legal norms as they emerged in seventeenth-century early modern Europe"--
Summary Book Review Japanese War Crimes by Peter Li:
Download or read book Japanese War Crimes written by Peter Li and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-12 with total page 339 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The question of national responsibility for crimes against humanity became an urgent topic due to the charge of ethnic cleansing against the previous Yugoslav government. But that was not the first such urging of legal and moral responsibility for war crimes. While the Nazi German regime has been prototypical, the actions of the Japanese military regime have been receiving increasing prominence and attention. Indeed, Peter Li's volume examines the phenomenon of denial as well as the deeds of destruction. Certainly one of the most troublesome unresolved problems facing many Asian and Western countries after the Asia Pacific war (1931u1945) is the question of the atrocities committed by the Japanese Imperial Army throughout Asia and the Japanese government's repeated attempts to whitewash their wartime responsibilities. The psychological and physical wounds suffered by victims, their families, and relations remain unhealed after more than half a century, and the issue is now pressing. This collection undertakes the critical task of addressing some of the multifaceted and complex issues of Japanese war crimes and redress. This collection is divided into five themes. In "It's Never Too Late to Seek Justice," the issues of reconciliation, accountability, and Emperor Hirohito's responsibility for war crimes are explored. "The American POW Experience Remembered" includes a moving account of the Bataan Death March by an American ex-soldier. "Psychological Responses" discusses the socio-psychological affects of the Nanjing Massacre and Japanese vivisection on Chinese subjects. The way in which Japanese war atrocities have been dealt with in the theater and cinema is the focus of "Artistic Responses." And central to "History Must not Forget" are the questions of memory, trauma, biological warfare, and redress. Included in this volume are samples of the many presentations given at the International Citizens' Forum on War Crimes and Redress held in Tokyo in Decem
Summary Book Review War Crimes Trials in the Wake of Decolonization and Cold War in Asia, 1945-1956 by Kerstin von Lingen:
Download or read book War Crimes Trials in the Wake of Decolonization and Cold War in Asia, 1945-1956 written by Kerstin von Lingen and published by Palgrave Macmillan. This book was released on 2016-11-11 with total page 290 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates the political context and intentions behind the trialling of Japanese war criminals in the wake of World War Two. After the Second World War in Asia, the victorious Allies placed around 5,700 Japanese on trial for war crimes. Ostensibly crafted to bring perpetrators to justice, the trials intersected in complex ways with the great issues of the day. They were meant to finish off the business of World War Two and to consolidate United States hegemony over Japan in the Pacific, but they lost impetus as Japan morphed into an ally of the West in the Cold War. Embattled colonial powers used the trials to bolster their authority against nationalist revolutionaries, but they found the principles of international humanitarian law were sharply at odds with the inequalities embodied in colonialism. Within nationalist movements, local enmities often overshadowed the reckoning with Japan. And hovering over the trials was the critical question: just what was justice for the Japanese in a world where all sides had committed atrocities?
Summary Book Review Genocide on Trial by Donald Bloxham:
Download or read book Genocide on Trial written by Donald Bloxham and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2001 with total page 294 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When the Allies tried German war criminals at the end of WWII they were trying not only to punish the guilty but also to set down a history of Nazism and of what had happened in Europe. Bloxham shows the reality was that these proceeedings failed.
Summary Book Review War Crimes, War Criminals, and War Crimes Trials by Norman E. Tutorow:
Download or read book War Crimes, War Criminals, and War Crimes Trials written by Norman E. Tutorow and published by Greenwood. This book was released on 1986 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 4,500 entries, annotated, mostly English and German with some material in other European languages. Includes books, articles, dissertations, microfilms and tapes, and information on the location of documents. Sections IV-VI (pp. 105-256) deal with war crimes in Europe during World War II, the Holocaust, and concentration camps (listing 34 specific camps apart from the general material). Section IX (pp. 283-342) is devoted to the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal, and section XII (pp. 408-428) lists material on the Eichmann trial in 1961.
Author :Yuma Totani Publisher :Harvard Univ Council on East Asian Release Date :2008 ISBN 10 :STANFORD:36105064226520 Pages :372 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4./5 ( users download)
Summary Book Review The Tokyo War Crimes Trial by Yuma Totani:
Download or read book The Tokyo War Crimes Trial written by Yuma Totani and published by Harvard Univ Council on East Asian. This book was released on 2008 with total page 372 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Through extensive research in Japanese, American, Australian, and Indian archives, Yuma Totani taps into a large body of previously underexamined sources to explore some of the central misunderstandings and historiographical distortions that have persisted to the present day. Foregrounding these voluminous records, Totani disputes the notion that the trial was an exercise in "victors' justice" in which the legal process was egregiously compromised for political and ideological reasons; rather, the author details the achievements of the Allied prosecution teams in documenting war crimes and establishing the responsibility of the accused parties to show how the IMTFE represented a sound application of the legal principles established at Nuremberg."--BOOK JACKET.
Author :Sandra Wilson Publisher :Columbia University Press Release Date :2017-02-14 ISBN 10 :9780231542685 Pages :432 pages File Format : PDF, EPUB, TEXT, KINDLE or MOBI Rating :4.4/5 (268 users download)
Summary Book Review Japanese War Criminals by Sandra Wilson:
Download or read book Japanese War Criminals written by Sandra Wilson and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2017-02-14 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Beginning in late 1945, the United States, Britain, China, Australia, France, the Netherlands, and later the Philippines, the Soviet Union, and the People's Republic of China convened national courts to prosecute Japanese military personnel for war crimes. The defendants included ethnic Koreans and Taiwanese who had served with the armed forces as Japanese subjects. In Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East tried Japanese leaders. While the fairness of these trials has been a focus for decades, Japanese War Criminals instead argues that the most important issues arose outside the courtroom. What was the legal basis for identifying and detaining subjects, determining who should be prosecuted, collecting evidence, and granting clemency after conviction? The answers to these questions helped set the norms for transitional justice in the postwar era and today contribute to strategies for addressing problematic areas of international law. Examining the complex moral, ethical, legal, and political issues surrounding the Allied prosecution project, from the first investigations during the war to the final release of prisoners in 1958, Japanese War Criminals shows how a simple effort to punish the guilty evolved into a multidimensional struggle that muddied the assignment of criminal responsibility for war crimes. Over time, indignation in Japan over Allied military actions, particularly the deployment of the atomic bombs, eclipsed anger over Japanese atrocities, and, among the Western powers, new Cold War imperatives took hold. This book makes a unique contribution to our understanding of the construction of the postwar international order in Asia and to our comprehension of the difficulties of implementing transitional justice.
Summary Book Review The Japanese Empire Disaster by Jean Sénat Fleury:
Download or read book The Japanese Empire Disaster written by Jean Sénat Fleury and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2021-01-22 with total page 620 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book demonstrates that, even if during the first period of the Shwa era (1931–1945) the real driving force to war was the Japanese military, Hirohito, as supreme commander, gave full support to the army. On multiple occasions, as an emperor, he sanctioned many government policies. Accordingly, he was responsible for the war and for the atrocities that the Japanese troops committed in Asia during the Pacific War. Japan’s Empire Disaster is a book of information and training; a reference document that should be read as an educational tool on the history of the modernization of Japan and the war launched by Emperor Meiji and Hirohito to build Japan Empire in the Pacific and East Asia. The book shares the view of the author on Hirohito’s responsibility on the events that marked Japan’s entry into the war that began when Japanese troops invaded Manchuria on September 19, 1931, and culminated with Japan’s surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941.
Summary Book Review Australia's War Crimes Trials 1945-51 by Georgina Fitzpatrick:
Download or read book Australia's War Crimes Trials 1945-51 written by Georgina Fitzpatrick and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2016-08-25 with total page 911 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This unique volume provides a detailed analysis of Australia’s 300 war crimes trials of principally Japanese accused conducted in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War.
Summary Book Review Transcultural Justice at the Tokyo Tribunal by :
Download or read book Transcultural Justice at the Tokyo Tribunal written by and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2018-03-06 with total page 330 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Tokyo Tribunal (1946-1948) tried Japanese leaders for war crimes committed during the Second World War, but behind the scenes, old legal traditions contended with new legal ethics and refigured cultural perceptions of how to bringing about justice.
Summary Book Review The Other Nuremberg by Arnold C. Brackman:
Download or read book The Other Nuremberg written by Arnold C. Brackman and published by William Morrow. This book was released on 1987 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study traces one of the greatest and most dramatic trials in history and provides fresh information on the way Japan conducted the war, from Pearl Harbor, to the attempted assassination of Stalin, to the final surrender.
Summary Book Review Revolution, State Succession, International Treaties and the Diaoyu/Diaoyutai Islands by Tseng Hui-Yi:
Download or read book Revolution, State Succession, International Treaties and the Diaoyu/Diaoyutai Islands written by Tseng Hui-Yi and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2017-05-11 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dynamism in Sino-Japanese relations, of which the Diaoyu/Diaoyutai Islands dispute constitutes a major part, has greatly overshadowed not only prospects of positive collaboration between China and Japan, but also regional order in East Asia. On the surface, the essence of the dispute focused on sovereignty, which entails competition for maritime resources development and strategic access to the adjacent waters as a critical transportation and military route. What lies at the crux, however, is the conflict between different sets of values, which lead and shape their interpretations of international treaties, changes of governments, and impacts of this upon these Asian states’ attitudes toward how “sovereignty” and “territory” should be understood in contemporary Asia. The Diaoyu/Diaoyutai Islands dispute has lapsed into dormancy, since intense discussions in the period from 2010 to 2012. However, the disagreement is far from being resolved. This book draws on structural issues underlying the on-going dispute, along with the concomitant, multifaceted challenges that need to be investigated. At a juncture when the prospect of the Sino-Japanese relations remains gloomy, this book provides conceptual and practical insights invaluable to the field of law, history and politics, shedding light on the refinement of relevant international law and rules of engagement in a normative sense.
Summary Book Review The International Politics of the Asia-Pacific by Michael Yahuda:
Download or read book The International Politics of the Asia-Pacific written by Michael Yahuda and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2004 with total page 388 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Michael Yahuda's extremely successful textbook introduces students to the International Politics of the Asia Pacific region since 1945.
Summary Book Review Human Rights After Hitler by Daniel Plesch:
Download or read book Human Rights After Hitler written by Daniel Plesch and published by Georgetown University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Rights after Hitler is a groundbreaking history about the forgotten work of the UN War Crimes Commission (UNWCC), which operated during and after World War II in response to Axis atrocities. He explains the commission's work, why its files were kept secret, and demonstrates how the lost precedents of the commission's indictments should introduce important new paradigms for prosecuting war crimes today. The UNWCC examined roughly 36,000 cases in Europe and Asia. Thousands of trials were carried out at the country-level, and hundreds of war criminals were convicted. This rewrites the history of human rights in the wake of World War II, which is too focused on the few trials at Nuremberg and Tokyo. Until a protracted lobbying effort by Plesch and colleagues, the UNWCC's files had been kept out of public view in the UN archives under pressure from the US government. The US initially wanted the files closed to smooth the way for post-war collaboration with Germany and Japan, and the few researchers who did gain permission to see the files were not permitted to even take notes until the files' recent release. Now revealed, the precedents set by these cases should have enormous practical utility for prosecuting war crimes today.